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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Ezekiel 34

 

 

Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.


Verse 2

Son of man. See note on Ezekiel 2:1.

shepherds = rulers.

the Lord GOD. Hebrew Adonai Jehovah. See note on Ezekiel 2:4.


Verse 3

kill = kill for sacrifice, and eating. Hebrew. zaback. App-48.

them that are fed = the fat ewe.


Verse 4

neither. Note the Figure of speech Paradiastole (App-6), emphasising the five counts.

oruelty = rigour. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 1:13, Exodus 1:14. Leviticus 25:46, Leviticus 25:53, its only other occurrences).


Verse 5

because there is no shepherd: or, without a shepherd.


Verse 8

As I live. Figure of speech Deisis. App-6.

saith the Lord God = [is] Adonai Jehovah"s oracle.


Verse 9

Therefore = Therefore [I repeat] O ye, &c.


Verse 10

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.


Verse 11

I, even I. Note the Figure of speech Epizeuxis (App-6), for emphasis.


Verse 12

In the day. See App-18.


Verse 13

people = nations.

land = soil.

rivers = ravines. Hebrew. aphikim. See note on "channels", 2 Samuel 22:16.


Verse 16

destroy: or, watch", reading (? = R) for (? = D)).


Verse 17

cattle and cattle: i.e. between the sheep and the goats: rams being the sheep, while the he-goats are set in contrast.


Verse 18

Seemeth it: or, supply "Is it".

you: i.e. ye goats. The verse goes on to describe the evil work of the goats in fouling the pastures of the sheep. There is a solemn application of this to the churches and congregations in the present day,

your: i.e. the goats.


Verse 22

save = bring saltation or deliverance to.


Verse 23

one shepherd = one ruler. Compare Isaiah 40:11. John 10:11.

My servant David. Occurs only here, Ezekiel 34:24; Ezekiel 37:24, 1 Kings 11:32, 1 Kings 11:34, and Ezekiel 14:8. Compare Jeremiah 30:9. Hosea 3:5. David. Either David the king, or Messiah, of Whom he was the type.


Verse 24

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

Prince = a leader. Compare Isaiah 9:6, Isaiah 9:7; Isaiah 55:4.


Verse 25

a covenant of peace. Compare Ezekiel 37:2,

wilderness = a place of pasture. Compare Psalms 65:12. Not a barren place or desert, unless so stated or implied.


Verse 27

they. shall know. See note en Ezekiel 6:10.

safe = confident.

in = on.

when I have broken: or, by My breaking.

those, &c.: i.e. the f:dse rulers.


Verse 28

heathen = nations.

beast. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version reads "beasts".

land: or, earth.


Verse 29

plant. Referring to Messiah, as in verses: Ezekiel 34:23, Ezekiel 34:24. of renown: for fame.

consumed = pinched [with hunger].


Verse 30

shall they know. See note on Ezekiel 6:10. Some codices, with three early printed editions, read "shall the nations know",


Verse 31

flock. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version omitted these two words "flock, the".

are = ye [are]

men. Hebrew "adam, App-14. I: i.e. human beings, not "sheep", as spoken of in this chapter.

your God. Some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "Jehovah your Elohim".

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 34:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezekiel-34.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, September 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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