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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
James 3



Verse 1

masters = teachers. App-98. James 3:4.

knowing. App-132.

condemnation. App-177.

Verse 2

offend all = all stumble. See James 2:10.

If. App-118.

any man = any one. App-123.

in. App-104.

word. App-121.

perfect. App-125.

man. App-123.

also. Should come after "body".

bridle. See James 1:26.

Verse 3

Behold. App-133.; but the texts read ei (App-118. a) de, "But if".

bits. Greek. chalinos. Here and Revelation 14:20.

that = to the end that (App-104.), but the texts read eis (vi).

obey. App-150.

turn about. Greek. metago. Only here and James 3:4.

Verse 4

Behold. App-133.

also the ships = the ships also.

of. App-104.

fierce. Greek. skleros. Elsewhere translated "hard".

with. Same as "of".

helm. Greek. pedalion. Only here and Acts 27:40.

the governor lusteth = the impulse (Greek. horme) Only here and Acts 14:5) of the governor wishes (App-102.)

governor = helmsman, the one who directs, or makes straight (Greek. euthuno). Only here and John 1:23.

Verse 5

boasteth. Greek. aucheo. Only here.

great, &c. = much wood. Greek. hule. Only here.

a little = how little a.

kindleth. See Acts 28:2.

Verse 6

a = the.

world. App-129. Used here in the sense of aggregate.

iniquity. App-128.

is = is constituted or takes its place. Greek. kathistemi, as in James 4:4.

among. App-104.

that it defileth = the one defiling. Greek. spiloo. Only here and Jude 1:23.

and setteth, &c. = setting on fire. Greek. phlogizo. Only in this verse. Compare 2 Thessalonians 1:8.

course. Greek. troches. Only here.

nature. Greek. genesis. See James 1:23.

it is = being.

hell. App-131.

Verse 7

kind = nature. Greek. phusis. See Romans 1:26.

beasts = wild beasts.

things in the sea. Greek. enalios. Only here.

tamed. Greek. damazo. Only here, James 3:8, and Mark 5:4.

of = by. No preposition. Dative case.

mankind = human (Greek. anthropinos. See Romans 6:19) nature (Greek. phusis, above).

Verse 8

no man = no one (Greek. oudeis) of men (App-123.)

unruly. Greek. akataschetos. Only here, but the texts read akatastatos, unstable, restless, as in James 1:8.

evil. App-128.

deadly. Greek. thanatephoros. Only here.

poison. Greek. ios. See Romans 3:13.

Verse 9

There with = With (App-104.) it.

God. App-98., but the texts read "the Lord" (App-98. b).

Father . App-98.

after. App-104.

similitude. Greek. homoiosis. Only here. In the Septuagint in Genesis 1:26. Ezekiel 1:10. Daniel 10:16; &c.

Verse 10

Out of. App-104.

these things, &c. = it is not fitting (Greek. chre. Only here) that these things should so be.

Verse 11

send forth. Greek. bruo. Only here.

at = out of. App-104.

place = hole. Greek. ope. See Hebrews 11:38 (caves).

bitter. Greek. pikros. Only here and James 3:14.

Verse 12

Can, &c. Question preceded by me.

olive berries = olives.

so, &c. The texts read "neither (Greek. oute) can salt water bring forth, or produce, sweet".

Verse 13

endued with knowledge. Greek. epistemon. Only here. Compare App-132. See Deuteronomy 1:13, Deuteronomy 1:15; Deuteronomy 4:6. Isaiah 5:21; where the same word is used in the Septuagint

a = his.

conversation = behaviour. See Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:13.

with. App-104. as in James 3:9.

meekness. See James 1:21.

Verse 14

if. App-118.

envying. Greek. zelos. See Acts 5:17.

strife. Greek. eritheia. See Romans 2:8.

glory = boast. Greek. katakauchaomai. See Romans 11:18.

not. Does not appear in Greek text.

against. App-104.

Verse 15

descendeth = is coming down.

from above. Greek. anothen. See James 1:17. Compare James 1:5.

earthly. Greek. epigeios. See 1 Corinthians 15:40.

sensual. Greek. psuchikos. See 1 Corinthians 2:14.

devilish = demoniacal. Greek. daimoniodes. Only here.

Verse 16

confusion = commotion, or unrest. Greek. akatastasia. See Luke 21:9. Compare James 3:8.

evil. Greek. phaulos. See John 3:20.

Verse 17

pure. Greek. hagnos. See 2 Corinthians 7:11.

peaceable. Greek. eirenikos. Only here and Hebrews 12:11. Peace must not be sought at the expense of truth.

gentle. Greek. epieikes. See Philippians 1:4, Philippians 1:5.

easy, &c. Greek. eupeithes. Only here.

without partiality. Greek. adiakritos. Only here. Compare App-122.

without hypocrisy. Greek. anupokritos. See Romans 12:9). Compare App-122.

Verse 18

righteousness. App-191.

of = by, or for. No preposition. Dative case.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on James 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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Wednesday, October 21st, 2020
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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