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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
John 5

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1

After, &c. A phrase common in John. See John 21:1. Ten times in the Revelation.

After. Greek. meta. App-104.

this = these things,

a feast. Perhaps Purim, but uncertain.

the Jews. See note on John 2:13.

Jesus. See App-98.

to. Greek. eis. App-104.


Verse 2

at = in. Greek.

en. App-104.

by = upon, or at. Greek. epi. App-104.

market, or gate. Compare Nehemiah 3:1, Nehemiah 3:32; Nehemiah 12:39, and App-68. John 15:40.

which is called. Greek. epilegomai. Only here and Acts

Bethesda. Aramaic. App-93. Compare Siloam in the sixth sign, App-176.

porches = arches, i, e. a colonnade, or cloister. Greek. stoa. Occurs only here, John 10:23. Acts 3:11; Acts 5:12. The Eng. "porch" is from the French porche, Latin. porticum = a gallery or door. All from Latin. portare = to carry-the wall being carried over by an arch.


Verse 3

In. Greek. en. App-104.

halt = lame. Eng. from Anglo-Saxon healt = stop, be-cause of having to stop frequently from lameness.

waiting. From this word to the end of John 5:4 is omitted by T Tr. A WH R, but not the Syriac (see App-94. note 3). If it be an addition it must have been a marginal note to explain the "troubling "of John 5:7, which gradually got into the text.


Verse 4

For an angel. The water was intermittent from the upper springs of the waters of Gihon (see App-68, and 2 Chronicles 32:33, Revised Version) The common belief of the man expressed in John 5:7 is hereby described. All will be clear, if we insert a parenthesis, thus: "For [it was said that] an angel", &c.

at a certain season = from time to time. Greek. kata (App-104. kairon.

into. Greek. en. App-104.

troubled. Greek. tarasso. Compare John 11:33; John 12:27; John 13:21; John 14:1, John 14:27.

whole = well or sound. Greek. hugies. Seven times in John. Compare John 7:23.

he had = held him fast. See note on "withholdeth", 2 Thessalonians 2:6.


Verse 5

And, &c. See App-176.

man. Greek anthropos. App-123.

thirty and eight years. The period of the wanderings. Compare "from birth", John 9:1.


Verse 6

saw = seeing. App-133. The Lord, in this and the sixth sign, takes the initiative (John 9:1).

knew = knowing. App-132. See note on John 1:10. Not the same word as in John 5:32. a long time. Compare John 9:2.

Wilt thou = Desirest thou to. Greek. thelo. App-102.


Verse 7

Sir. Greek. kurios. App-98. B. b. Supply the Ellipsis thus: "Sir [I am indeed willing, but] I have, "&c.

no. Greek. ou. App-105.

to = in order that (Greek. hina) he may.

time = when.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

while = in (Greek. en) the

another. App-124.

before. Greek. pro. App-104.


Verse 8

Rise. App-178.

The third sign. See App-176.

bed. A rough cotton wool quilt called to-day khaf, the poor man"s bed. The Greek krabbaton is a Latin word meaning a "pallet".


Verse 9

on. Greek. en. App-104.

the same day . . . sabbath = that day a Sabbath. Compare John 9:14 and App-176. This seems to imply that it was not the weekly sabbath, but the same as John 19:31. See App-156.


Verse 10

was cured = had been healed.

the sabbath day = a sabbath.

it is not lawful. A forced interpretation of Jeremiah 17:21, &c., by the Rabbis, made the carrying of anything from a public place into a private place, or vice versa, unlawful (Talmud, Sabb. 6. a).

not. Greek ou. App-105. Not the same word as in verses: John 5:23, John 5:28, John 5:45.

carry = take up, as in John 5:8.


Verse 11

the same = that one there. Greek. ekeinos, emph.


Verse 12

asked. Greek. erotao. App-134.

What man . . . ? = Who is the man . . . ?


Verse 13

And = But.

was healed = had been healed.

wist = knew. App-132. Anglo-Saxon wit an = to know.

conveyed Himself away = turned aside, as if to avoid a blow. Greek ekneuo. Occurs only here.

multitude = crowd.

that = the.


Verse 14

Afterward =

After these things. See note on John 5:1.

findeth. Compare John 9:35. See App-176.

temple = the temple courts. See note on Matthew 23:16.

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

art made = hast become.

sin, &c. = continue no longer (Greek. meketi) in sin.

sin. Greek. hamartano. App-128. See John 9:24, John 9:25, John 9:31, John 9:34. App-176.

lest = in order that . . . not Greek.

me. App-105.

come unto thee = happen to thee, or befall thee.


Verse 16

therefore = on account of (Greek. dia. App-104. John 5:2) this.

did . . . persecute = began to persecute. Beginning of open hostility.

sought = were seeking. Most texts, not Syriac, omit this clause.


Verse 17

My Father. See note on John 2:16.

worketh. Compare John 9:4, and see App-176.

hitherto until now; referring to the O.T. Dispensation. Now Jehovah was speaking "by His Son "(Hebrews 1:2).

and I work = I also am working [now].


Verse 18

to kill Him. Note three attempts on the Lord"s life, all connected with His claim to Deity, here; John 8:58, John 8:69; John 10:30, John 10:31.

because He not only. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version reads "not only because He".

had broken = was breaking.

said also that God was His Father = -also called God His own Father.

God. App-98.

His = His own.


Verse 19

Then = Therefore.

Verily, verily. The fifth occurance. See note on John 1:51.

do. His works were like His words. See note on John 7:16.

nothing. Greek. ou ouden. A double negative.

of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

but = if not. Greek. ean me.

seeth. Greek. blepo. App-133.

the Father. See note on John 1:14.

do = doing.

these also. Read "also "after "Son".

likewise = in like manner.


Verse 20

loveth. Greek phileo. One of the characteristic words of this Gospel. See page 1511, and App-135.

works. See note on John 4:34.

that = in order that. Greek. Nina.


Verse 21

raiseth = awaketh. Greek egeiro. App-178.

the dead = corpses. See App-139.

quickeneth = giveth life to. Occurs in John only here, twice, and John 6:63. Then universally believed by the Jews.

them. Supply the Ellipsis (complex, App-6.), thus: "quickeneth [whom He will]; so the Son also [raiseth the dead, and] quickeneth whom He will. "

the Son = the Son also.


Verse 22

For . . . no man = For not even . . . any

one. Greek. oude oudeis. A double negative.

judgeth. One of the characteristic words of this Gospel. See App-122 and the Characteristic Words chart for John book comments.

committed = given.

judgment. Greek. krisis. App-177.


Verse 23

even as. Greek kathos.

not. Greek one. App-105.

sent. Greek pempo. App-174. One of the characteristic words of this Gospel. See note on John 1:22 and the Characteristic Words chart for John book comments.


Verse 24

word. Greek. logos. See note on Mark 9:32.

believeth on. See App-150.

everlasting. Greek aionios. App-161.

life. See note on John 1:4.

condemnation = judgment, as in John 5:22.

is = has.

from = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

unto. Same as "into", above.


Verse 25

The hour = An hour. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Part), App-6, for a definite and special time. now is. Because, had the nation repented, "all that the prophets had spoken" would have been fulfilled according to Acts 3:21, including the resurrection foretold in Eze 37, and Isaiah 26:19, &c.

the Son of God. App-98. This title is associated with resurrection, as in John 5:27 judgment is with the Son of man.

shall live.See note on John 4:50.


Verse 26

as = even as. Greek. hosper.

hath He given = He gave (in eternity past).


Verse 27

authority. Greek. exousia. See App-172.

the Son of man (see App-98). The only occurance in John without the Article (except Revelation 1:13; Revelation 14:14). Compare Daniel 7:13.


Verse 28

the graves = the tombs. Therefore they are not in heaven or hell.


Verse 29

done = wrought. Greek. poieo = accomplished (referring to the object, aim or end of the act), and generally associated with good.

good = good things (Plural)

the = a. resurrection. Greek. anastasis. App-178.

done (Greek. prasso. Compare John 3:20, John 3:21) = practised (referring to the means by which the object is obtained) and is associated with evil, as are four out of six occurrences of the noun praxis (= deed), Matthew 16:27. Luke 23:51. Acts 19:18. Romans 8:13; Romans 12:4. Colossians 3:9.

evil = evil things (plural) Same word as in John 3:20.

damnation = judgment. Greek. krisis, as in John 5:22.


Verse 30

will. Greek. thelema. App-102.

the Father. All the texts read "Him".


Verse 31

If. Assuming the condition, where experience will decide. App-118.

I. Emphatic = I alone.

bear witness. See note on John 1:7.

of = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104. The emphasis being on "Myself". Greek. emautou.

witness. See note on John 1:7.

true. App-175. Referring to Deuteronomy 19:15. Compare John 8:14. See p. 1511.


Verse 32

There is. See John 5:31 with John 7:28; John 8:26.

know. Greek. oida. App-132.


Verse 33

sent = have sent. Greek. apostello. App-174. unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

he bare = he hath borne.

truth. See note on John 1:14.


Verse 34

from. Greek. para. App-104.


Verse 35

a . . . light = the . . . lamp. Greek. luchnos. App-130. A common Rabbinic idiom for a famous man. In contrast with Christ (John 8:12).

for. Greek. pros. App-104.

season. Greek. hour, put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), App-6, for a brief period. Compare John 12:23.

light. Greek. phos. App-130.


Verse 36

greater witness = the witness, greater.

to finish = in order that I should complete them.


Verse 37

hath sent = sent (at a definite time).

hath borne. And still bears.

neither . . . nor. Greek. oute . . . oute.

seen. Greek. horao. App-133.

shape = form. Greek. eidos. Compare Luke 3:22; Luke 9:39.


Verse 38

abiding. See note on John 1:32.

hath sent = sent.


Verse 39

Search. Greek. ereunao = to search as a lion or hound tracks by the scent. Not the same word as in Acts 17:11. Here the Verb may be the imperative or indicative mood; but the indicative never commences a sentence without the pronoun or some other word, while the imperative is so used. See John 7:52; John 14:11 (Believe); John 15:20 (Remember).

the scriptures = the (sacred) writings.

eternal. App-151. as in John 5:24.

testify. See note on John 1:7.


Verse 40

will not come = do not will (John 5:6) to come.

to. Greek. pros. App-104.

might = may.


Verse 41

honour. Greek. doxa = approval, here, as in John 5:44; or "praise", as in John 9:21; John 12:43. 1 Peter 4:11. See p. 1511.


Verse 42

love of God = love toward God. Genitive of Relation. App-17. Occurs in the Gospels elsewhere only in Luke 11:42.

you = yourselves, as in John 6:53. Mark 4:17. 1 John 5:10.


Verse 43

him, &c. Compare 2 Thessalonians 2:4.


Verse 44

believe. App-150.

one of another = from (Greek. para. App-104) one another.

the. Note the Art. here, and not in the preceding clause.

God only = the only God (App-98.) Compare 1 Timothy 1:17.


Verse 45

Moses. See note on John 1:17.

in = on. Greek. eis. App-104.

ye trust = ye have set your hope.


Verse 46

had ye = if (App-118. a) ye had.

wrote. See App-47.

Me. See note on Luke 24:27.


Verse 47

if. App-118.

writings. Greek. Plural of gramma = letters, used of written characters, or of a document. For the former, see Luke 23:38. 2 Corinthians 3:7; or the letter of Scripture contrasted with its spirit (Romans 2:27, Romans 2:29; Romans 7:6. 2 Corinthians 3:6). For the latter see Luke 16:6, Luke 16:7 (where it is a debtor"s account), and Acts 28:21 (where it is an ordinary letter). in John 7:15 and Acts 26:24, it is used for learning (compare Isaiah 29:11, Isaiah 29:12. Acts 4:13). In 2 Timothy 3:15 it is used for the sacred writings as a whole. Hence the Scribes were called grammateis.

words. Greek. rhema (plural) See note on Mark 9:32.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 5:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-5.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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