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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Luke 7



Verse 1

ended = completed, or finished.

sayings. Greek. p1. of rhema. Not the same word as in Luke 6:47. See note on Mark 9:32.

in = into. Greek. eis. App-104.

audience = hearing. Greek. "ears". Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for hearing.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

Capernaum. See App-169.

Verse 2

a certain centurion: viz. the same that the Lord had blessed before (Matthew 8:5-13); i.e. before the calling of the twelve, Matthew 10:1, &c. This second healing of the centurion"s bondman took place after the calling of the twelve (Luke 6:13-16). Note the different words and incidents. servant = bondman. Greek. doulos, not "pais" as in Matthew 8:6 (App-108.) and in Luke 7:7 here, for the "pais" might be a "doulos", while the "doulos" need not be a " pais". "Pais" relates to origin, "doulos" to condition, when used of the same person. dear = esteemed, or honoured. Not said of the "pais", and more suitable to "doulos".

Verse 3

of = about. Greek. peri. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 7:7, Luke 7:21-; Luk_7:-30; Luk_7:35.

Jesus. App-98.

sent = sent away (the sender remaining behind). Greek. apostello. App-174.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

the elders = some of [the] elders.

beseeching = asking. Not the same word as in Luke 7:4. App-134.

Verse 4

to. Greek. pros. App-104.

besought. Stronger word than in Luke 7:3. App-134.:6.

instantly = pressingly, or urgently.

was = is: giving the exact words.

Verse 5

loveth. Greek. agapao. App-135.

he = he himself.

us = for us.

a synagogue = the synagogue. The Lord knew all the synagogues in Capernaum; so that this must have been some special synagogue, probably a new one, built since the event of Matthew 8:5-13,

Verse 6

went = was going.

with = in conjunction or fellowship with. Greek. sun. App-104.

not far. In the former case, the Lord did not go; being prevented by the centurion.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

sent. Greek. pempo (App-174.) = to send with; the envoy being accompanied by an, escort.

saying. He himself was present, and was the speaker.

Lord. App-98. The Person of the Lord is the subject of this second period of His ministry. See App-119.

trouble not Thyself. This second and similar address shows a greater depth of humility, probably grown since the former healing, of which the synagogue may have been a votive token. not. Greek. me. App-105. Not the same word as in preceding and following clause,

not worthy. Greek. ou. As in first clause.

under. Greek. hupo. App-104.

my. Emphatic by position in the sentence. Figure of speech Hyperbaton. App-6.

Verse 7

say in a word = say by, or with a word. Dative case.

servant. Here, it is Greek. pais. App-108. See note on Luke 7:2.

Verse 8

I also am, &c. = I also, a man, am appointed under (or, obedient to) authority.

man. Greek. anthropos. App-123. set appointed.

me = myself.

Verse 9

He marvelled, &c. The only other instance of the Lord"s marvelling is at their unbelief (Mark 6:6).

not. . . . no, not = not even. Greek. oude.

in. Greek. en. App-104.

Verse 10

to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

whole = in good health. A medical word. See note on Luke 5:31. that had been sick. Omitted by L T Tr. [A] W EI R. Thusthe antecedents and consequents, andsubjects of the two miracles differ in important details.

Verse 11

Verses 11-17 peculiar to Luke. Selected because it is connected with the Lord"s Person as God-raiser of the dead; and as Man-full of compassion.

And. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6), the "many ands" in these verses (11-17) emphasizing every detail. The "ands" in the English do not always agree with those in the Greek.

it came to pass. A Hebraism. See note on Luke 1:8.

Nain. Now, Nein. Occurs only here in N.T. The ruins are on the slope of Little Hermon, west of Endor.

Verse 12

the gate. All funerals were outside.

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6. To call attention to the two great crowds meeting.

a dead man. Greek ho nekros. App-139.

Verse 13

the Lord. This Divine title more frequent in Luke than in any of the other Gospels. See verses: Luke 7:19, Luke 7:31, Luke 7:1; Luke 11:1; Luke 12:42; Luke 17:5, Luke 17:6; Luke 19:8; Luke 19:22. a1. App-98. A.

saw. Greek eidon. App-133.:1. Not the same word as in Luke 7:24.

compassion. See on Luke 7:11 the reason for the selection of this miracle, here.

on. Greek. epi. App-104.

not. Greek. me. App-105.

Verse 14

came = came up.

touched. Without defilement. Another remarkable fact, emphasized by the and".

bier. Probably of wicker-work.

stood still. Another remarkable particular. Young man. App-108. Arise. App-178.

Verse 15

he that was dead = the corpse. See App-139. sat up. A medical word (Colossians 4:14). Greek anakathizo. Occurs only here and Acts 9:40. Common in medical writings; and found also in the Papyri, in a letter from a Christian servant to his absent master about the illness of his mistress (Milligan"s Selections, p. 130).

Verse 16

a great prophet. See Luke 9:8, Luke 9:19.

is risen up. App-178.

among. Greek en. App-104.

hath visited. Compare Luke 1:68. John 3:2.

Verse 17

rumour = report. Greek logos.

throughout = in. Greek. en. App-104.

Verse 18

shewed him = brought word. This became the occasion of John"s second mission. If the Lord could raise the dead, why was he languishing in prison?

Verse 19

two = a certain two. The mission in Matthew 11:1, &c., was earlier than this. See notes on Matthew 11:2. No number named there. See note on "two" there.

Jesus. All the texts read "the Lord". See note on Luke 7:13.

He That should come = the coming [Messiah].

look we = do we look.

another. Greek. allos. App-124. But Tr. and WI read "heteros". App-124.

Verse 20

men. Greek. Plural of aner. App-123.

Verse 21

same. Omit. No equivalent in the Greek.

cured = healed.

of = from. App-104.

infirmities = diseases (chronic).

plagues = scourges (acute). Medical terms (Colossians 4:14).

evil. Greek. poneros. App-128.

spirits. See App-101.

Verse 22

Jesus. Omit [LIT Tr. A WH R.

seen and heard. The evidence was not that they were miracles (qua miracles), but that the miracles were those that had been prophesied. See Isaiah 29:18; Isaiah 85:4-6; Isaiah 60:1-3. Had the Lord worked miracles far more extraordinary they would have been no evidence at all as to His claims. the . . . the, &c. No articles in the Greek.

see are seeing again. App-133.

dead = dead people.

No Art. See App-139.

to the poor the gospel is preached: literally the poor (App-127.) are being

evangelized (App-121.4).

Verse 23

blessed = happy.

not be offended = find not (Greek. me. App-105.) anything to stumble at.

Verse 24

concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

went ye out = have ye gone out (perfect tense). All the texts, however, read "went ye out" (aor.)

for to see = to look at. Greek theaomai. App-133.

with = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

wind. Greek. anemos.

Verse 25

for to see = to see. Greek. eidon. App-133. soft. See Matthew 11:8. A contrast to "camel"s hair".

are = are existing. Same word as "was" in Romans 4:19; "being "in Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:6; and "is" in Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:20.

delicately = luxuriously. The Herods were noted for this (Acts 12:21. Mark 6:21. Josephus, Bel. Jude 1:20.

Verse 26

A prophet. See App-49. One who spoke for God. Not necessarily beforehand. Compare Exodus 4:16; Exodus 7:1.

Verse 27

it is written = it standeth written. Quoted from Malachi 3:1. See App-107.

before. Greek. pro. App-104.

prepare. See note on Luke 1:17.

before. Greek. emprosthen = in the presence of.

Verse 28

born = brought into the world. Greek gennao, used of the mother. See note on Matthew 1:2.

not. Greek. oudeis = no one. Compare Luke 5:36.

least. See note on Matthew 11:11. John only proclaimed it. But had the nation then accepted the Lord, it would have been realized.

the kingdom of God. See App-114.

Verse 29

publicans = toll collectors. See on Matthew 5:46.

justified God. A Hebraism = declared God to be just, by submitting to John"s baptism.

Verse 30

rejected = set aside, or annulled, by the interpretation they put upon it. Compare Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:21. Proverbs 1:24.

counsel. Greek. boule. See App-102., and p. Ephesians 1:9, Ephesians 1:11. See also Acts 2:23; Acts 4:28, &c.

against = as to. Greek. eis. App-104.

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

Verse 31

And the Lord said. All the texts omit these words. this generation. See note on Matthew 11:16.

Verse 32

children = little children. App-108.

the = a.

We have piped = We piped: i.e. played at being at a wedding.

have not danced = danced not.

we have mourned = we mourned: i.e. we played at being at a funeral.

have not wept = wept not. Compare Luke 6:21.

Verse 33

eating . . . drinking. Hebrew idiom for ordinary living. Compare Luke 1:15. Matthew 3:4.

Bread. . . wine. Peculiar to Luke.

devil = demon. Later, they said the same of the Lord. John 7:20; John 10:20.

Verse 34

The Son of man. See App-98.

is = has.

Verse 35

But = And yet.

wisdom. See note on Matthew 11:19.

children: i.e. those produced by her. See App-108.

Verse 36

And one, &c. Verses 36-50 peculiar to Luke. Not to be identified with Simon (Mark 14:3). All the circumstances are different.

Simon was one of the commonest names. There are nine mentioned in the N.T., and two among the Twelve.

desired = asked, or invited. App-134.

with = in company

with. Greek. meta. App-104.

sat down to meat = reclined [at table].

Verse 37

a woman. Not to be identified with Mary Magdalene: it is a libel on her to do so, and quite arbitrary. Compare Matthew 21:32.

the city. That it was Magdala is a pure assumption.

which = who: i.e. reference to a class.

was, &c. All the texts read "which was in the city, a sinner".

when she knew = having got to know. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

Jesus = He. alabaster. See Matthew 26:7. Mark 14:3.

Verse 38

And. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. App-6.

at = beside. Greek. para. App-104.

wash = bedew.

did wipe = was wiping.

kissed = was ardently kissing. Compare Acts 20:37.

Verse 39

bidden = invited.

within. Greek. en = in. App-104.

if, &c. Assuming and believing the fact. App-118.

known = got to know, as in Luke 7:36.

that. Same as "which" in Luke 7:36.

Verse 40

answering: i.e. his secret doubt.

Simon. See note on Luke 7:36.

say unto thee. You have been condemning Me!

Master = Teacher. App-98.

say on = say it.

Verse 41

There was, &c. Greek. "There were two debtors to a certain money-lender".

pence = denarii. See App-51.

other = a different one. Greek. heteros. See App-124.

Verse 42

when they had nothing = not (Greek. me as in Luke 7:13) having anything.

most = more.

Verse 43

I suppose = I take it. Greek. hupolambano, used only by Luke; here, Luke 10:30. Acts 1:9; Acts 2:15. Medical use, to check (a disease).

judged. App-122.

Verse 44

Seest thou = Host thou mark. Greek. blepo. App-133. The Lord calls Simon"s attention to her works, but He calls the woman"s attention (Luke 7:47) to His own grace towards her.

thou gavest, &c. Op. Genesis 18:4; Genesis 19:2. Judges 19:21. 1 Timothy 5:10. no. Greek. ou. App-105.

for = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

she. Emphatic.

Verse 45

this woman = she (emph.)

since the time = from (Greek. apo) the time when.

ceased = been intermittent. A medical word. Occurs only here in N.T.

Verse 47

Wherefore = for which cause, or because her sins are forgiven. sins. App-128.

for = that. This could be seen; and was the sign, not the cause or consequence.

Verse 48

unto her. Note the change.

Verse 49

began. Noting the uprising of the thought.

Who is This . . . ? This incident chosen because it sets forth the Lord"s Person as God. The subject of this Second Period of His ministry. See App-119.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 7:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 25th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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