corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Psalms 69



Verse 1

Title. A Psalm. No Hebrew for this.

of David. Relating to the true David, Israel"s Redeemer. Psalm 22 is Christ as the sin offering; Psalm 40 as the whole burnt offering ; and this, Psalm 69 as the trespass offering. Verse prefers to John 15:25; verses: Psalms 69:14-20 refer to Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36-45); Psalms 69:21 to the Cross (Matthew 27:34, Matthew 27:48. John 19:29); verses: Psalms 69:22-28 to Romans 11:9, Romans 11:10; Romans 69:25 to Judas (Acts 1:20).

God. Hebrew. Elohim.

waters. Put by Figure of speech Hypocatastasis (App-6) for great troubles.

come in unto my soul: i.e. threaten my life.

my soul = me (emphatic). Hebrew. nephesh, App-13.

Verse 2

sink = have sunk.

mire. See note on waters, Psalms 69:1.

Verse 4

hate me without a cause. Compare Psalms 35:19. Quoted in John 15:25.

mighty. The Syriac, by supplying the letter Ayin, reads "stronger than my bones", thus completing the alternation of this verse.

Then. Ginsburg suggests "I" (emphatic) instead of "Then".

Verse 5

sins. Hebrew. "asham. App-44.

Verse 6

Lord GOD. Hebrew Adonai Jehovah. App-4. .

God of Israel. See note on Isaiah 29:23.

Verse 8

a stranger. Compare John 1:11.

children = sons.

Verse 9

the zeal, &c. Quoted as fulfilled in John 2:17.

the reproaches. Quoted in Romans 15:3.

Verse 10

I wept, and chastened my soul. The Septuagint reads "I humbled my soul".

Verse 11

sackcloth. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for mourning attire.

proverb. Compare John 8:48. Matthew 27:63.

Verse 12

the song = the mocking song.

Verse 13

LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

in an acceptable time: i.e. at the time Thou pleasest.

multitude = abundance, or plenitude.

mercy = lovingkindness, or grace.

Hear = answer.

lovingkindness = grace.

Verse 18

redeem. Hebrew. ga"al. See Ex. note on Psalms 6:6.

Verse 20

some. Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulg, read "one".

Verse 21

They gave. Fulfilled in Matthew 27:34, Matthew 27:48. Mark 15:23, Mark 15:36. Luke 23:36. John 19:28-30.

gave = put. See note on Matthew 27:34.

gall. = something bitter, probably the poppy. Hebrew. r"osh. In Deuteronomy 29:18; Deuteronomy 32:33, it is rendered "venom"; in Job 20:16, "poison"; in Hosea 10:4, "hemlock".

for = into.

meat = choice food. Occurs only here. A kindred form in 2 Samuel 13:5, 2 Samuel 13:7, 2 Samuel 13:10.

Verse 22

Let, &c. Imprecation. Suitable for a dispensation of Law and Judgment; not for this Day of Grace. See Romans 11:9, Romans 11:10.

Verse 25

Let, &c. Quoted in Acts 1:20.

habitation = palace: a place surrounded by a wall. Occurs only here in Psalms.

Verse 26

those whom Thou hast wounded = Thy wounded ones.

Verse 27

Add. Referring to the reading in Psalms 69:26.

iniquity. Hebrew "avah. App-44. Put here by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), for the punishment deserved by it.

Verse 28

the living = life. See note on Leviticus 18:5.

Verse 29

poor = afflicted. Hebrew "ani. See note on Proverbs 6:11. Not the same word as in Psalms 69:33. Constantly used of Christ in the Psalms. Compare Psalms 22:24 (afflicted); Psalms 34:6, Psalms 35:10; Psalms 40:17; Psalms 70:5; Psalms 109:16, Psalms 109:22.

Let. Omit.

Verse 30

praise. The sufferings never mentioned without praise. Compare Psalm 22. Isa. 53, &c.

name : i. e. God Himself. Compare Psalms 20:1.

of. Genitive of Apposition. App-17.

with a song. Hebrew. beshir. Figure of speech Paronomasia with mishshor, an ox, in Psalms 69:31.

Verse 31

better. Praise is the truest sacrifice.

an ox. See note on "song" (Psalms 69:30).

horns. Showing full age; not under three years (Genesis 15:9).

and. So some codices, with two early printed editions, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate; but not in current printed Hebrew text.

hoofs = divided hoof, showing it to be ceremonially clean (Leviticus 11:3).

Verse 32

and be glad = they rejoice.

heart. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Part), for the whole being.

shall live: i.e. live again in resurrection. See note on Leviticus 18:5.

God. In Authorized Version, 1611, this was printed "good". First printed "God" in ed. 1617.

Verse 33

poor = helpless. Hebrew "ebyon. See note on Proverbs 6:11.

Verse 34

heaven and earth. See note on Genesis 14:19.

Verse 35

Zion. See App-68.

will build. This is prophecy; for David was "a prophet" (Acts 2:30).

dwell, &c. Not merely dwell and possess, but inherit and hand down.

have it in possession = inherit it. Note the Introversion.

Verse 36

To the chief Musician. See App-64.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 69:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 2nd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology