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1:4 encourages (a-2) Parakaleo , as Matthew 2:18 ; Matthew 5:4 ; Acts 20:12 ; 1 Thessalonians 3:7 . I do not say 'comfort,' as that is rather conveyed in paramutheomai , so translated in 1 Thessalonians 2:11 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:14 ; 'console,' John 11:19 ,John 11:31 ; and 'consolation,' 1 Corinthians 14:3 . The difference is slight, but here, as in Acts 20:0 , there is the sense of 'cheered,' and this might replace 'encourage' and 'encouragement' if there were a suitable noun.
11:3 simplicity (e-23) 'Simplicity' here refers, not to a personal trait, but to the doctrine as to Christ; what a faithful heart retained in simplicity, as taught in the truth. To say 'which [is] in the Christ,' is too much as if it were in Christ himself, not the doctrine.
11:6 simple (f-6) As 'uninstructed,' Acts 4:13 . you. (g-25) Or 'before you.'
11:8 ministry (h-8) Diakonia . see Note, 1 Corinthians 4:1 .
11:23 ministers (a-3) Diakonos . see Note. 1 Corinthians 4:1 . [so]; (b-15) The word here translated 'above measure' is so used constantly by the apostle, though not indeed separated from the word it refers to. But I do not find that it is used adverbially for 'more than;' and the expression 'as being beside myself' seems to refer to the extra-ordinariness of what he was saying, for he felt that to say 'minister of Christ' was to say all that was excellent. Hence he does not repeat 'in folly,' but says 'as being beside myself,' 'wandering quite away from a right mind.' His own heart did not allow him to say he was 'minister of Christ' without judging the expression, though forced to use it for these foolish Corinthians. The word translated 'exceedingly abundant' is not really a comparison, and the words translated 'to excess' and 'oft' show that no comparison with others is instituted. He left his miserable competitor far behind, and his soul turned back with true heartfelt satisfaction to all he had undergone for Christ. His folly is given to us for gain by God. However, if anyone prefer 'more than they' or 'beyond them' to 'above measure,' in result the sense is not altered, though, it seems to me, feebler and more disjointed.
11:24 one. (c-12) * See Deuteronomy 25:3 .
11:27 toil, (d-4) See same words in 1 Thessalonians 2:9 ; 2 Thessalonians 3:8 .
11:28 burden (e-16) 'Burden' here means any solicitude or anxiety, but 'care' misleads, because it conveys the idea of taking care of, which is not the sense. Same word as 'anxious care,' Matthew 13:22 , and 'care,' 1 Peter 5:7 .
11:32 ethnarch (a-4) i.e. the governor of the province.
11:33 by (b-12) Or 'through,' dia .
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Darby, John. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 11". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30