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1:4 encourages (a-2) Parakaleo , as Matthew 2:18 ; Matthew 5:4 ; Acts 20:12 ; 1 Thessalonians 3:7 . I do not say 'comfort,' as that is rather conveyed in paramutheomai , so translated in 1 Thessalonians 2:11 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:14 ; 'console,' John 11:19 ,John 11:31 ; and 'consolation,' 1 Corinthians 14:3 . The difference is slight, but here, as in Acts 20:0 , there is the sense of 'cheered,' and this might replace 'encourage' and 'encouragement' if there were a suitable noun.
8:4 grace (i-12) The 'grace' here is not the collection, but the grace and favour shown to the poor in the gift. Instead of Paul having to press this grace on the Macedonians, they beg of him the grace and fellowship ( koinonia ) of the administration; that is, to be the instrument (though an apostle) of its manifestation by them. The 'grace and fellowship' is the active exercise of grace towards the Jewish saints. This they begged of Paul. (See ver. 19.)
8:6 that (k-2) 'So that we were led to beg,' 'leading us to beg.' 'So that' states the effect produced; the tendency of the grace among the Macedonians he had been speaking of. to (a-19) Or 'with.'
8:7 (b-1) 'But,' not 'therefore' (as in A.V.). The apostle means 'but it is,' or 'my object in doing so is,' or 'what I have in my mind in thus sending Titus is.'
8:9 *his* (c-25) The 'his' is emphatic. 'the poverty of such a one as he.'
8:12 accepted (d-10) Or 'it is accepted.'
8:15 written, (e-5) See Exodus 16:18 .
8:21 provide (f-3) As Romans 12:17 .
8:23 companion (g-8) Koinonos . see Note, Luke 5:10 . 'fellow-labourer,' as 1 Corinthians 3:9 ; 'messengers,' apostolos .
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Darby, John. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 8". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25