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1:2 He (c-1) In John, the personal pronoun, generally emphatic in Greek where inserted, is used so constantly that it can hardly be considered such in many cases, but certain instances which are considered to be more definitely emphatic are given in italics. The same spirit of emphasis causes the very frequent use of ekeinos for the third person ('he,' 'they,' c.). Its sense is 'that,' contrasted with 'this,' and hence is emphatic as 'that man' in English, sometimes having the sense of 'such a one as that.' A number of cases where this word also is used emphatically have also been indicated.
12:3 pure (b-10) Or 'liquid;' a word difficult of interpretation, but most likely 'pure.' see Note, Mark 14:3 .
12:7 burial; (c-17) i.e. it was now the time. see ch. 19.40. The word is used in Genesis 50:2 (LXX) for embalmment in Hebrew.
12:9 was (a-11) Lit. 'is.'
12:11 on (d-13) Eis . see Note, 2 Timothy 1:12 .
12:13 Israel. (e-28) See Psalms 118:26 .
12:14 written, (f-14) See Zechariah 9:9 .
12:17 because (g-10) Or 'that.'
12:20 worship (h-14) Proskuneo . see Matthew 4:10 .
12:35 overtake (a-25) The sense is 'overtake so as to seize upon,' as Mark 9:18 , 1 Thessalonians 5:4 .
12:36 in (b-7) Eis . see ver. 11.
12:37 on (b-14) Eis . see ver. 11.
12:38 fulfilled, (c-13) See Isaiah 53:1 .
12:39 again, (d-11) See Isaiah 6:9-10 .
12:42 on (b-10) Eis . see ver. 11.
12:43 God. (e-11) Lit. 'the glory of men ... the glory of God.'
12:44 on (b-9) on (b-13) Eis . see ver. 11.
12:45 beholds (f-4) As ch. 6.40.
12:46 on (b-14) Eis . see ver. 11.
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Darby, John. "Commentary on John 12". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Fourth Sunday after Epiphany