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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

John 3

Introduction

1:2 He (c-1) In John, the personal pronoun, generally emphatic in Greek where inserted, is used so constantly that it can hardly be considered such in many cases, but certain instances which are considered to be more definitely emphatic are given in italics. The same spirit of emphasis causes the very frequent use of ekeinos for the third person ('he,' 'they,' c.). Its sense is 'that,' contrasted with 'this,' and hence is emphatic as 'that man' in English, sometimes having the sense of 'such a one as that.' A number of cases where this word also is used emphatically have also been indicated.

Verse 3

3:3 anew (h-18) Not only 'again,' but 'entirely afresh,' as from a new source of life and point of departure; translated in Luke 1:3 , 'from the origin.' It is a new source and beginning of life.

Verse 15

3:15 on (a-6) Eis , as in ver. 36; chs. 4.39; 6.29,35,40.

Verse 16

3:16 on (a-16) Eis , as in ver. 36; chs. 4.39; 6.29,35,40. so (b-3) I have hesitated a moment whether 'so' referred to the kind of love that gives 'eternal life,' which is mentioned in verse 15, and is the great subject of John, in contrast with all earthly blessings and favour. The sense then would thus be, that he has loved men in view of eternal life, 'so that' he has given, &c. (See 'so,' Acts 14:1 .) When followed by 'that,' the regular force of the Greek is, 'so much that.' whosoever (c-14) Lit. 'every one who,' as ver. 15.

Verse 18

3:18 on (a-4) on (a-23) Eis , as in ver. 36; chs. 4.39; 6.29,35,40.

Verse 20

3:20 are; (d-26) Elenko . to show the true character of anything, so as to convict, and hence reprove by showing a man's fault. It is used in chs. 8.46, 'convinces;' 16.8, 'bring demonstration;' Ephesians 5:11 ,Ephesians 5:13 , 'reprove' and 'expose.'

Verse 29

3:29 heart (e-22) Lit. 'rejoices with joy.'

Verse 31

3:31 earth (a-16) Or 'is from the earth.' The sense is 'having by nature his origin' here below, he is of and belongs to the earth. 'Of' ( ek ) is characteristic.

Verse 33

3:33 received (b-4) Or 'receives.' it is the aorist, 'has received,' not referring to time, but to the fact. hence perhaps 'receives' is as well.

Verse 35

3:35 loves (c-3) Agapao , as chs. 10.17; 13.1,23; 14.21,23; 15.9; 17.23,24,26. see ch. 5.20 and Note at ch. 21.15.

Verse 36

3:36 on (d-4) Eis . see Note, 2 Timothy 1:12 . subject (e-15) Or 'believes not on.' It is the obedience of submission to his person, not practical obedience to his commands, whatever proof this may be of the other; but it is not exactly the same thing as believing on him as an object revealed in grace. see Note, Hebrews 3:18 .

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on John 3". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/john-3.html. 1857-67.