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Bible Commentaries

Geneva Study Bible

Exodus 13

Verse 3

13:3 And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of {a} bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this [place]: there shall no leavened bread be {b} eaten.

(a) Where they were in most cruel slavery.

(b) To signify that they did not have time to leaven their bread.

Verse 4

13:4 This day came ye out in the month {c} Abib.

(c) Containing part of March and part of April, when corn began to ripen in that country.

Verse 6

13:6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the {d} seventh day [shall be] a feast to the LORD.

(d) Both the seventh and the first day were holy, as in Exodus 12:16.

Verse 8

13:8 And thou shalt shew thy son {e} in that day, saying, [This is done] because of that [which] the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.

(e) When you celebrate the feast of unleavened bread.

Verse 9

13:9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee {f} upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD’S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt.

(f) You will constantly remember it, as you would of a thing that is in your hand, or before your eyes.

Verse 13

13:13 And every firstling of an {g} ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou {h} redeem.

(g) This is also understood about the horse and other beasts which were not offered in sacrifice.

(h) By offering a clean beast in sacrifice; Leviticus 12:6.

Verse 17

13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not [through] the way of the land of the Philistines, although that [was] near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they {i} see war, and they return to Egypt:

(i) Which the Philistines would have made against them by blocking their passage.

Verse 18

13:18 But God led the people about, [through] the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up {k} harnessed out of the land of Egypt.

(k) That is, not secretly but openly and as the word signifies, set in order by five and five.

Verse 21

13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a {l} cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:

(l) To defend them from the heat of the sun.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Exodus 13". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". 1599-1645.