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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Isaiah 14

 

 

Verses 1-32

Isaiah 14:1 For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob.

Isaiah 14:1Comments - Babylon's destruction by the Medes and Persians ended Israel's captivity, for in the first year of King Cyrus' reign, he issued a decree that allowed the Jews to return to their homeland. However, Israel's full restoration will not take place until the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, when He will set up His earthly kingdom and rule and reign from Jerusalem. Thus, Israel's restoration is two-fold, as is this prophecy in Isaiah. It predicts Israel's deliverance from the Babylonian Captivity, but it also refers to Israel's final restoration that ushers the world into the Millennial Reign of Christ.

Isaiah 14:2 And the people shall take them, and bring them to their place: and the house of Israel shall possess them in the land of the LORD for servants and handmaids: and they shall take them captives, whose captives they were; and they shall rule over their oppressors.

Isaiah 14:3-21 — Satan's Fall - Isaiah 14:3-21 describes the fall of Lucifer. Note the names of Satan used in this chapter:

1. O Lucifer- Isaiah 14:12, "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!"

2. Son of the morning-

Isaiah 14:12, "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!"

Isaiah 14:11 Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.

Isaiah 14:11Word Study on "the worm…the worms" - Strong says the first Hebrew word "worm" in Isaiah 14:11 is "rimmah" ( רִמָּה) (H 7415), meaning, "a maggot, a worm." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 7 times in the Old Testament, being translated "worm 7." He says the second Hebrew word "worms" in Isaiah 14:11 is "towla" ( תֹּולָע) (H 8438) meaning, "a maggot, worm" or "crimson, scarlet." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 43times in the Old Testament, being translated "scarlet 34, worm 8, crimson 1."

Isaiah 14:11Comments- A dead body will attract files, which lay eggs and maggots. These maggots consume the flesh of the dead. The function of maggots is to consume dead flesh, thus cleaning up the environment. The similar statement in Mark 9:44, "Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched," testifies to the fact that those people who are condemned to hell will experience the consuming fly maggots as well as consuming fire. However, since their flesh will never be totally consumed, the maggots and the fire will eternally do their duty of continual consumption of human flesh.

Isaiah 14:13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:

Isaiah 14:13"I will exalt my throne above the stars of God" - Comments- The statement "I will exalt my throne above the stars of God" revealing pride in the heart ( 2 Thessalonians 2:4).

2 Thessalonians 2:4, "Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God."

Isaiah 14:12-15Comments - Satan's Pride Brings About His Downfall- The pride of Satan"s heart has deceived him. Note a similar passage in Obadiah 1:3-4, "The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground? Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith the LORD."

Isaiah 14:28-32 — Judgment upon Philistia - Isaiah 14:28-32 contains Isaiah's prophecy against Philistia.

Isaiah 14:28 In the year that king Ahaz died was this burden.

Isaiah 14:28Ahaz was the thirteenth king of Judah, reigning about 16 years (741-726 B.C.).

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Isaiah 14:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/isaiah-14.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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