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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Job 31

 

 

Verses 1-40

Job 31:1-40 — Job Describes His Life of Righteousness- Job was perfect and upright ( Job 1:1). This chapter shows Job's faith and works according to James 2:22. Job's works, listed this chapter, perfected his faith and Job became perfect and upright ( Matthew 5:48, James 2:22).

Matthew 5:48, "Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect."

James 2:22, "Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?"

In this passage of Job , we see the Sermon on the Mount as lived by Job ( Matthew 5-7). Note:

Job 31:1, "I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?"

Matthew 5:27-28, "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery: But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart."

Job 31:4, "Doth not he see my ways, and count all my steps?"

Job 23:10, "But he knoweth the way that I take: when he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold."

Job 31:5, "If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit;"

Job is honest.

Job 31:16, "If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;"

James 1:27, "Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world."

Job 31:19, "If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering;"

James 2:14-19

1 John 3:17-18, "But whoso hath this world"s good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth."

Job 31:24, "If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, Thou art my confidence;"

1 Timothy 6:17, "Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;"

Job 31:27, "And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand:"

Exodus 20:1-3, "And God spake all these words, saying, I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before me."

Job 31:29, "If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:"

Matthew 5:43-48

Job 31:32, "The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveller."

Hebrews 13:2, "Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares."

Job 31:33, "If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom:"

Proverbs 28:13, "He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy."

Job 31:1 I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

Job 31:1Comments- Job made a quality decision in his heart before he encountered temptation that he would not gaze and stare upon a woman. A man cannot stop himself from seeing things and people. But a person can make a decision not to focus his attention upon it. A person can turn his eyes away from temptation and focus his thoughts upon something else. This is the decision that Job made. Note that Jesus teaches in the Sermon on the Mount that gazing upon a woman will turn our hearts towards adulterous thoughts ( Matthew 5:27-28). This is what Job was avoiding.

Matthew 5:27-28, "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery: But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart."

It is through the sense gate of the eyes that our minds receive information. What ever we focus our eyes upon, our mind gives it attention and processes what is seen. Thus, the first step in sin would be to focus our eyes upon something immoral. The second step in sin is to think about what is being seen. Job made the decision to stop this process at its inception.

Job 31:2 For what portion of God is there from above? and what inheritance of the Almighty from on high?

Job 31:3 Is not destruction to the wicked? and a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity?

Job 31:2-3Comments - Sowing and Reaping- Sowing and reaping come upon the wicked. What does God reward a wicked man with? In Job 31:3, God gives disaster to the wicked.

Job 31:4 Doth not he see my ways, and count all my steps?

Job 31:4Comments- In Job 31:4, Job has not done any wicked worthy of this disaster. So why his distress? Job asks if God even considers his way. Of course God does.

Job 31:5 If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit;

Job 31:6 Let me be weighed in an even balance, that God may know mine integrity.

Job 31:6Comments- Job asks God to weigh his life on God"s scales.

Job 31:5-6Comments - Job's Integrity- Job was not false and decently, but honest.

Job 31:13 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me;

Job 31:13Comments- Job treated his servants justly.

Job 31:14 What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?

Job 31:14Comments- Even Job fears God's coming Day of Judgment, known also by Enoch ( Jude 1:14-16).

Jude 1:14-16, "And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him. These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words, having men"s persons in admiration because of advantage."

Job 31:15 Did not he that made me in the womb make him? and did not one fashion us in the womb?

Job 31:16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

Job 31:16Comments- Job helped the poor and the widow ( James 1:27).

James 1:27, "Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world."

Job 31:17 Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof;

Job 31:17Comments- Job helped the orphans ( James 1:27).

James 1:27, "Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world."

Job 31:18 (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as with a father, and I have guided her from my mother"s womb;)

Job 31:19 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering;

Job 31:19Comments- Job helped those in need ( James 2:14-19, 1 John 3:17-18).

James 2:14, "What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?"

1 John 3:17-18, "But whoso hath this world"s good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth."

Job 31:23 For destruction from God was a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.

Job 31:23 Scripture References- Note:

Job 3:25, "For the thing which I greatly feared is come upon me, and that which I was afraid of is come unto me."

Job 31:24 If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, Thou art my confidence;

Job 31:25 If I rejoiced because my wealth was great, and because mine hand had gotten much;

Job 31:24-25Comments- Job did not put his trust in riches ( 1 Timothy 6:17).

1 Timothy 6:17, "Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;"

Job 31:26 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking in brightness;

Job 31:27 And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand:

Job 31:28 This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judge: for I should have denied the God that is above.

Job 31:26-28Comments- Job worshipped only God. In Exodus 20:1-6, we are commanded to worship only God. The Bible says that idolatry is also called courteousness.

Job 31:29 If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:

Job 31:30 Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his soul.

Job 31:29-30Comments- Job loved his enemies ( Matthew 5:43-48).

Matthew 5:44, "But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;"

Job 31:31 If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! we cannot be satisfied.

Job 31:32 The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveller.

Job 31:31-32Comments- Job helped the stranger ( Hebrews 13:2).

Hebrews 13:2, "Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares."

Job 31:33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom:

Job 31:33 — "as Adam" - Comments- Some English versions translate this phrase, "as men do."

Job 31:34 Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families terrify me, that I kept silence, and went not out of the door?

Job 31:33-34Comments- Job implies that he has confessed the sins of his youth ( Job 13:26) and forsaken them ( Genesis 3:9-10, Proverbs 28:13).

Job 13:26, "For thou writest bitter things against me, and makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth."

Genesis 3:9-10, "And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself."

Proverbs 28:13, "He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy."

Job 31:35-37Comments- Job boldly desires the Almighty to answer this life Job has lived.

Job 31:39-40Comments- Job had not overburdened the land nor stolen land and its fruit unjustly.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Job 31:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/job-31.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 3rd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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