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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Job 4

 

 


Verses 1-21

Job 4:2 If we assay to commune with thee, wilt thou be grieved? but who can withhold himself from speaking?

Job 4:2Comments- Eliphaz begins his speech to Job by acknowledging his reservations in addressing a man in such pain ( Job 4:2 a), but justifies his need to speak by saying he cannot "withhold himself" ( Job 4:2 b).

Job 4:3 Behold, thou hast instructed many, and thou hast strengthened the weak hands.

Job 4:3Comments- By giving instructions, Job has provided strength to those who were weak. Our words have a way of imparting strength to those who are weak. The next verse ( Job 4:4) will restate the same idea.

Job 4:4 Thy words have upholden him that was falling, and thou hast strengthened the feeble knees.

Job 4:5 But now it is come upon thee, and thou faintest; it toucheth thee, and thou art troubled.

Job 4:5Comments- In Job 4:5 Eliphaz makes the observation in light of Job's past in strengthening the weak that now he is the one who has "weak hands" and "feeble knees."

Job 4:6 Is not this thy fear, thy confidence, thy hope, and the uprightness of thy ways?

Job 4:7 Remember, I pray thee, who ever perished, being innocent? or where were the righteous cut off?

Job 4:8 Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same.

Job 4:8Scripture Reference- Note:

Galatians 6:7, "Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap."

Job 4:9 By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed.

Job 4:10 The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, and the teeth of the young lions, are broken.

Job 4:11 The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the stout lion"s whelps are scattered abroad.

Job 4:10-11Comments - The Roaring of the Lion- Eliphaz may be making a reference to Job's statement about his "roarings" being poured out like water ( Job 3:24).

Job 3:24, "For my sighing cometh before I eat, and my roarings are poured out like the waters."

Job 4:12-17 — Eliphaz' Vision - In Job 4:12-17, Eliphaz describes his night vision to Job. Later in the book, Elihu will mention the fact that God speaks to men by dreams and visions ( Job 33:15-16).

Job 4:18 Behold, he put no trust in his servants; and his angels he charged with folly:

Job 4:18Comments - Only Job , David, and the prophet Zechariah make a reference the angelic being named Satan in the Old Testament, with the story of the Fall of man in the Garden through the wiles of the serpent being an additional reference to him. Thus, we must consider Job 4:18 to be a possible reference to the fallen state of those angels that followed Satan's heavenly rebellion and punishment. At the time of their fall, God certainly charged these fallen angels with folly.

Job 4:19 How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth?

Job 4:19 — "which are crushed before the moth" - Comments- The moth is perhaps one of the most delicate animals in nature. At a touch, its wings dissolve and it soft body is bruised so that it can no longer fly. It must be handled so delicately if it is to fly again. Yet, Job compares man's mortality to the frailest creature in nature and declares that human life is much more easily crushed than the life of the moth.

Job 4:19"houses of clay...crushed before the moth" - Comments- The phrase "houses of clay...crushed before the moth" may be a reference to Job's own children being destroyed ( Job 1:19; Job 5:4).

Job 1:19, "And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee."

Job 5:4, "His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them."


Verses 1-27

Eliphaz's First Speech - Job 4:1 to Job 5:27 contains Eliphaz's first speech to Job in which he attempts to answer Job's question of suffering ( Job 3:20-26). He approaches Job's suffering by saying that God always delivers the poor, but judges the foolish. In Job 4:8 we see that Eliphaz quickly picked up on sowing and reaping as a reason for Job's suffering.

Job 4:8, "Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same."

Eliphaz declares that God always judges the foolish ( Job 5:1-7) and delivers the humble ( Job 5:8-27).

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Job 4:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/job-4.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 31st, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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