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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Joel 1

 

 

Verses 1-20

Joel 1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

Joel 1:1Comments- The Dates of Joel's Ministry- Adam Clarke tell us that Joel is supposed to have prophesied between 697,660 B.C, during the reign of Prayer of Manasseh , king of Judah. 6]

6] Adam Clarke, Joel , in Adam Clarke"s Commentary, Electronic Database (Seattle, WA: Hendrickson Publishers Inc, 1996), in P.C. Study Bible, v 31 [CD-ROM] (Seattle, WA: Biblesoft Inc, 1993-2000), notes on Joel 1:1.

Comments - The Manner in which Divine Oracles were Delivered unto the Prophets- God spoke through the Old Testament prophets in various ways, as the author of the epistle of Hebrews says, "God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets…" ( Hebrews 1:1). The Lord spoke divine oracles ( מַשָּׂא) through the Old Testament prophets in three general ways, as recorded in the book of Hosea , "I have also spoken by the prophets, and have multiplied visions; I have given symbols through the witness of the prophets." ( Hosea 12:10) (NKJV) In other words, the prophets spoke to Israel through the words they received, they described divine visions to the people, and they acted out as divine drama an oracle from the Lord.

(1) The Word of the Lord Came to the Prophets- God gave the prophets divine pronouncements to deliver to the people, as with Hosea 1:1. The opening verses of a number of prophetic books say, "the word of the Lord came to the prophet…" Thus, these prophets received a divine utterance from the Lord.

(2) The Prophets Received Divine Visions- God gave the prophets divine visions ( חָזוֹן), so they prophesied what they saw ( חזה) (to see). Thus, these two Hebrew words are found in Isaiah 1:1, Obadiah 1:1, Nahum 1:1, and Habakkuk 1:1. Ezekiel saw visions ( מַרְאָה) of God.

(3) God Told the Prophets to Deliver Visual Aids as Symbols of Divine Oracles- God asked the prophets to demonstrate divine oracles to the people through symbolic language. For example, Isaiah walked naked for three years as a symbol of Assyria's dominion over Egypt and Ethiopia ( Isaiah 20:1-6). Ezekiel demonstrated the siege of Jerusalem using clay tiles ( Ezekiel 4:1-3), then he laid on his left side for many days, then on his right side, to demonstrate that God will require Israel to bear its iniquities.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Joel 1:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/joel-1.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 8th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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