corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Psalms 121



Verses 1-8

Psalm 121

Introduction- There is no human being, no matter how strong and powerful, that does not face situations that are beyond his ability to control. Even King David saw his own weakness and need for a Saviour and Comforter. Psalm 121reminded the children of Israel of their need for God's sustaining help as they made their way up to Jerusalem on their holy pilgrimage.

Psalm 121:1 (A Song of degrees.) I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help.

Psalm 121:1Word Study on "degrees" - Strong says the Hebrew word "ma'alah" ( מַעֲלָה) (H 4609) literally means, "elevations," and in book of Psalm it means, "a climatic progression." Strong says this word is derived from the Hebrew verb "‘alah" ( עָלָה) (H 5927), which means "to ascend." This noun occurs 45 times in the Old Testament Scriptures and is often translated "steps," as in 1 Kings 10:19. In 2 Kings 20:9-11 "ma'alah" ( מַעֲלָה) is translated "degrees," referring to the ten steps the shadow regressed on the king's sundial.

Psalm 121:1 — "I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills" - Comments- The context of Psalm 121is the march up to Jerusalem. The reference to the hills are those that surround the city of Jerusalem ( Psalm 125:2). In the same way that the hills surround the city of David, God surrounds His people. These protective hills make the city of Jerusalem a stronghold against the enemy ( 2 Samuel 5:7).

Psalm 125:2, "As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the LORD is round about his people from henceforth even for ever."

2 Samuel 5:7, "Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David."

Psalm 121:2 My help cometh from the LORD, which made heaven and earth.

Psalm 121:3 He will not suffer thy foot to be moved: he that keepeth thee will not slumber.

Psalm 121:3Word Study on "keepeth" - Strong says the Hebrew word "keepeth" ( שָׁמַר) (H 8104) literally means "to hedge about, to guard, protect, attend to." In Psalm 121, it is translated, "keep, keeper, preserve." This is a key word of this Psalm ( Psalm 34:7, Jude 1:24).

Psalm 34:7, "The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them."

Jude 1:24, "Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,"

Psalm 121:6 The sun shall not smite thee by day, nor the moon by night.

Psalm 121:6Comments- In Psalm 121:6 the sun and moon represent the fact that God will protect us 24-hours per day.

Psalm 121:8 The LORD shall preserve thy going out and thy coming in from this time forth, and even for evermore.

Psalm 121:8 — — Scripture References- Note:

Matthew 28:20, "Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen."

Hebrews 13:5, "Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee."


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Psalms 121:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, January 18th, 2020
the First Week after Epiphany
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology