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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
2 Samuel 9

 

 

Verses 1-7

2 Samuel 9:1-12. David sends for Mephibosheth.

David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul — On inquiry, Saul‘s land steward was found, who gave information that there still survived Mephibosheth, a son of Jonathan who was five years old at his father‘s death, and whom David, then wandering in exile, had never seen. His lameness (2 Samuel 4:4) had prevented him from taking any part in the public contests of the time. Besides, according to Oriental notions, the younger son of a crowned monarch has a preferable claim to the succession over the son of a mere heir-apparent; and hence his name was never heard of as the rival of his uncle Ish-bosheth. His insignificance had led to his being lost sight of, and it was only through Ziba that David learned of his existence, and the retired life he passed with one of the great families in trans-jordanic Canaan who remained attached to the fallen dynasty. Mephibosheth was invited to court, and a place at the royal table on public days was assigned him, as is still the custom with Eastern monarchs. Saul‘s family estate, which had fallen to David in right of his wife (Numbers 27:8), or been forfeited to the crown by Ish-bosheth‘s rebellion (2 Samuel 12:8), was provided (2 Samuel 9:11; also 2 Samuel 19:28), for enabling Mephibosheth to maintain an establishment suitable to his rank, and Ziba appointed steward to manage it, on the condition of receiving one-half of the produce in remuneration for his labor and expense, while the other moiety was to be paid as rent to the owner of the land (2 Samuel 19:29).


Verse 10

Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants — The mention of his sons and the slaves in his house was to show that Mephibosheth would be honored with an equipage “as one of the king‘s sons.”


Verse 12

Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micah — Whether born before or after his residence in Jerusalem, cannot be ascertained. But through him the name and memory of the excellent Jonathan was preserved (see 1 Chronicles 8:34, 1 Chronicles 8:35; 1 Chronicles 9:40, 1 Chronicles 9:41).

 


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-9.html. 1871-8.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, August 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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