corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.02.23
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
Judges 10

 

 

Verse 1

Judges 10:1-5. Tola judges Israel in Shamir.

after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel, Tola — that is, “to save.” Deliverance was necessary as well from intestine usurpation as from foreign aggression.

the son of Puah — He was uncle to Abimelech by the father‘s side, and consequently brother of Gideon; yet the former was of the tribe of Issachar, while the latter was of Manasseh. They were, most probably, uterine brothers.

dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim — As a central place, he made it the seat of government.


Verse 3

Jair, a Gileadite — This judge was a different person from the conqueror of that northeastern territory, and founder of Havoth-jair, or “Jair‘s villages” (Numbers 32:41; Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 13:3; 1 Chronicles 2:22).


Verse 4

he had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts — This is a characteristic trait of Eastern manners in those early times; and the grant of a village to each of his thirty sons was a striking proof of his extensive possessions. His having thirty sons is no conclusive evidence that he had more than one wife, much less that he had more than one at a time. There are instances, in this country, of men having as many children by two successive wives.


Verse 6

Judges 10:6-9. Israel oppressed by the Philistines and Ammonites.

the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord — This apostasy seems to have exceeded every former one in the grossness and universality of the idolatry practiced.


Verse 7

Philistines, and … the children of Ammon — The predatory incursions of these two hostile neighbors were made naturally on the parts of the land respectively contiguous to them. But the Ammonites, animated with the spirit of conquest, carried their arms across the Jordan; so that the central and southern provinces of Canaan were extensively desolated.


Verse 10

Judges 10:10-15. The cry to God.

The children of Israel cried unto the Lord, saying, We have sinned against thee — The first step of repentance is confession of sin, and the best proof of its sincerity is given by the transgressor, when he mourns not only over the painful consequences which have resulted from his offenses to himself, but over the heinous evil committed against God.


Verse 11

the Lord said … Did I not deliver you from the Egyptians — The circumstances recorded in this and the following verses were not probably made through the high priest, whose duty it was to interpret the will of God.


Verse 12

Maonites — that is, “Midianites.”


Verse 16

Judges 10:16-18. They repent; God pities them.

they put away the strange gods … and served the Lord; and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel — On their abandonment of idolatry and return to purity of worship, God graciously abridged the term of national affliction and restored times of peace.


Verse 17-18

the children of Ammon were gathered together — From carrying on guerrilla warfare, the Ammonites proceeded to a continued campaign. Their settled aim was to wrest the whole of the trans-jordanic territory from its actual occupiers. In this great crisis, a general meeting of the Israelitish tribes was held at Mizpeh. This Mizpeh was in eastern Manasseh (Joshua 11:3).

 


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Judges 10:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/judges-10.html. 1871-8.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, February 23rd, 2019
the Sixth Week after Epiphany
There are 57 days til Easter!
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology