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Bible Commentaries

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary
Psalms 25

 

 

Verses 1-40

Psalms 25

In the Hebrew this prayer is arranged as an acrostic, i.e., the first word of each verse begins with a letter in alphabetical order from A-to-Z.

Hereafter we shall not give as much attention to every psalm as we have thus far, but trust the reader to do the analyzing after the examples given. The purpose of this book is not so much textual explanation as a stimulus to Bible study in a broader sense, and it is assumed that the reader has been studying the Bible side by side with the Commentary from the beginning.

The more difficult psalms, some of the more familiar and popular, and those distinctively Messianic and millennial may be treated more at length, but others must be passed over.

In the present instance the prayer is for defense (Psalms 25:1-3), guidance (Psalms 25:4-5), forgiveness (Psalms 25:6-11), etc., intermingled with testimony to the divine goodness (Psalms 25:12-15).

Psalms 26

Another appeal to God on the basis of avowed integrity and innocence of the charges of enemies. Note the features of righteous character of which the psalmist speaks, as well as the description of his enemies. The Modem Reader’s Bible names this psalm, “Searchings of heart before worship.”

Psalms 27

An Anthem of Deliverance. Throughout it exhibits confidence, hope and joy, in God’s worship, with prayer for help and guidance in danger. The secret of the psalmist’s confidence is given in verse four as his delight in divine fellowship expressed in worshipping in God’s tabernacle. God will protect and deliver him (Psalms 27:5-6). He will be more to him than earthly parents (Psalms 27:10). All he craves is guidance (Psalms 27:11). He concludes with counsel to others in a like case (Psalms 27:13-14).

Psalms 29

The Song of the Thunderstorm encourages confidence in God by the celebration of His power in His dominion over the natural world. “Discovereth the forests” (Psalms 29:9) means “stripping them bare.” In the midst of this sublimity God’s worshipers cry, “Glory!” (RV)

Psalms 30

States its occasion in the title, the reference being to David’s own house or palace (compare Deuteronomy 20:5; 2 Samuel 5:11; 2 Samuel 7:2).

Psalms 31

A cry of one in distress, which some have referred to as the period of David’s persecution by Saul at Keilah. Read 1 Samuel 23:1-15, and then note in the Psalms 31:4; Psalms 31:8; Psalms 31:10-15; Psalms 31:20-22.

Psalms 32

David’s Spiritual Biography. It is thought to have been written after his sin with Bathsheba (2 Samuel 11-12). He has been brought to repentance for that sin and forgiven (Psalms 51), and now is praising God for that forgiveness, and telling what led up to it. It opens with a general declaration of his blessedness and why (Psalms 32:1-2). This is followed by his experience before forgiveness and when he was undergoing conviction of sin (Psalms 32:3-4). Confession brought forgiveness (Psalms 32:5). Let others act similarly in the same circumstances (Psalms 32:6). See what God is to him now (Psalms 32:7). The psalm takes the form of a dialogue at this point, and God speaks at verses eight and nine, which should be read in the Revised Version. The whole concludes with a warning and exhortation (Psalms 32:10-11).

Psalms 33

A psalm of praise. It opens with a general chorus (Psalms 33:1-3), followed by a semi-chorus (Psalms 33:4-11), a second semi-chorus (Psalms 33:12-19), and a final chorus (Psalms 33:20-22). To follow this division is to obtain a good idea of the several subjects.

Psalms 34

Has its occasion indicated in the title which refers to 1 Samuel 21:13. The name there is Achish, but some think Abimelech was the general name given the sovereigns of Gath at that time (Genesis 20:2). This is also an acrostic, and from a musical point of view consists of an introduction (Psalms 34:1-2), solos and choruses. For one solo, see Psalms 34:3-6, and for another Psalms 34:11-14.

Psalms 35

May be read in connection with 1 Samuel 24, which some regard as its occasion. A comparison of that chapter will throw light on the meaning of several of its expressions.

Psalms 37

Is one of the most popular of the psalms of trust and confidence, whose contents are illustrated in David’s personal history. It is an acrostic, which requires little in the way of explanation to any heart who really knows God through Jesus Christ. The theme is the prosperity of the wicked with counsel as to how the child of God should act in regard to it.

QUESTIONS

1. What is an acrostic psalm?

2. What earlier psalm is suggested by the theme of Psalms 26?

3. Point out the poetic descriptions of a thunder-storm in Psalms 29.

4. What experience is Psalms 31 thought to describe?

5. Have you again read 1 Samuel 23:1-15?

6. Give a title of Psalms 32, and a reason for it.

7. What idea is conveyed by “semi-chorus”?

8. Memorize Psalms 37:1-9.

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Gray, James. "Commentary on Psalms 25:4". The James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jgc/psalms-25.html. 1897-1910.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 11th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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