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Bible Commentaries

The Fourfold Gospel
Matthew 9

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1
And he entered into a boat, and crossed over, and came into his own city1.

  1. Came into his own city. Capernaum.


Verse 2
And behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed1: and Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, be of good cheer; thy sins are forgiven2.
    JESUS HEALS A PARALYTIC AT CAPERNAUM. Matthew 9:2-8; Mark 2:1-12; Luke 5:17-26

  1. A man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed. See Luke 5:17-26.

  2. Son, be of good cheer; thy sins are forgiven. See Luke 5:17-26.


Verse 3
And behold, certain of the scribes said within themselves, This man blasphemeth1.

  1. This man blasphemeth. See .


Verse 4
And Jesus knowing their thoughts1 said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?

  1. And Jesus knowing their thoughts, etc. See .


Verse 5
For which is easier, to say1, Thy sins are forgiven; or to say, Arise, and walk?

  1. For which is easier, to say, etc. See .


Verse 6
But that ye may know1 that the Son of man hath authority on earth to forgive sins (then saith he to the sick of the palsy), Arise, and take up thy bed, and go up unto thy house2.

  1. But that ye may know, etc. See .

  2. Arise, and take up thy bed, and go up unto thy house. See .


Verse 7
And he arose, and departed to his house1.

  1. And he arose, and departed to his house. See .


Verse 8
But when the multitudes saw it, they were afraid1, and glorified God, who had given such authority unto men2.

  1. When the multitudes saw it, they were afraid. See .

  2. And glorified God, who had given such authority unto men. Some take the word "men" as the plural of category, and apply it to Christ. Others think that they regarded Jesus as a mere man among other men, and that they therefore looked upon his power as a gift given to men generally, and not as something peculiar to himself. If this latter view is correct, it is likely that they took the words "Son of man" (Matthew 9:6) as referring to men generally, and not as a reference to the Messiah, such as Jesus meant it to be.


Verse 9
And as Jesus passed by from thence, he saw a man, called Matthew, sitting at the place of toll1: and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him.
    THE CALL OF MATTHEW. (At or near Capernaum.) Matthew 9:9; Mark 2:13,14; Luke 5:27,28

  1. He saw a man, called Matthew, sitting at the place of toll. See Luke 5:27,28.


Verse 10
And it came to pass, as he sat at meat in the house, behold, many publicans1 and sinners came and sat down with Jesus and his disciples.
    MATTHEW'S FEAST. DISCOURSE ON FASTING. (Capernaum.) Matthew 9:10-17; Mark 2:15-22; Luke 5:29-39

  1. Many publicans. Matthew had invited his old friends.


Verse 11
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Teacher with the publicans and sinners1?

  1. Why eateth your Teacher with the publicans and sinners? See .


Verse 12
But when he heard it, he said, They that are whole have no need of a physician, but they that are sick1.

  1. They that are whole have no need of a physician, but they that are sick. See .


Verse 13
But go ye and learn what [this] meaneth, I desire mercy, and not sacrifice1, for I came not to call the righteous, but sinners2.

  1. But go ye and learn what [this] meaneth, I desire mercy, and not sacrifice. For an explanation of this passage, see . To mercifully help sinners to repent was more precious to God than sacrifice.

  2. For I came not to call the righteous, but sinners. See .


Verse 14
Then come to him the disciples of John, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees fast oft, but thy disciples fast not1?

  1. Why do we and the Pharisees fast oft, but thy disciples fast not? See .


Verse 15
And Jesus said unto them, Can the sons of the bridechamber mourn1, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come2, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then will they fast.

  1. Can the sons of the bridechamber mourn, etc. See .

  2. But the days will come, etc. See .


Verse 16
And no man putteth a piece of undressed cloth upon an old garment1; for that which should fill it up taketh from the garment, and a worse rent is made.

  1. And no man putteth a piece of undressed cloth upon an old garment, etc. See .


Verse 17
Neither do [men] put new wine into old wine-skins1: else the skins burst, and the wine is spilled, and the skins perish: but they put new wine into fresh wine-skins, and both are preserved.

  1. Neither do [men] put new wine into old wine-skins, etc. See .


Verse 18
While he spake these things unto them1, behold, there came a ruler, and worshipped him2, saying, My daughter is even now dead3: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.
    JAIRUS' DAUGHTER AND THE INVALID WOMAN. (Capernaum, same day as last.) Matthew 9:18-26; Mark 5:22-43; Luke 8:41-56

  1. While he spake these things unto them. While he talked about fasting at Matthew's table.

  2. There came a ruler, and worshipped him. See Luke 8:41-56.

  3. Saying, My daughter is even now dead. See Luke 8:41-56.


Verse 21
And Jesus arose1, and followed him, and [so did] his disciples.

  1. And Jesus arose. From Matthew's table. Jesus did not fast for form's sake, but he was ever ready to leave a feast that he might confer a favor.


Verse 22
But Jesus turning and seeing her said, Daughter, be of good cheer1; thy faith hath made thee whole2. And the woman was made whole from that hour.

  1. Daughter, be of good cheer. Faith gets a sweet welcome.

  2. Thy faith hath made thee whole. See .


Verse 23
And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the flute-players, and the crowd making a tumult,1

  1. And saw the flute-players, and the crowd making a tumult. See .


Verse 24
he said, Give place: for the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth1. And they laughed him to scorn2.

  1. The damsel is not dead, but sleepeth. See .

  2. And they laughed him to scorn. See .


Verse 26
But when the crowd was put forth1, he entered in, and took her by the hand2; and the damsel arose3.

  1. When the crowd was put forth. See .

  2. And took her by the hand. See .

  3. And the damsel arose. See .


Verse 27
And as Jesus passed by from thence1, two blind men followed him, crying out, and saying, Have mercy on us, thou son of David2.
    HEALING BLIND MEN AND A DUMB DEMONIAC. (Probably Capernaum.) Matthew 9:27-34

  1. And as Jesus passed by from thence. If construed strictly, this phrase means, as he departed from Jairus' house. But the phrase is indefinite.

  2. Son of David. This, among the Jews, was a common and thoroughly recognized name for the expected Messiah.


Verse 29
And when he was come into the house1, the blind men came to him: and Jesus saith unto them, Believe ye that I am able to do this2? They say unto him, Yea, Lord.

  1. When he was come into the house. Possibly Peter's. But the place is not important. The house is mentioned to show that the blind men persistently followed Jesus until he stopped.

  2. Believe ye that I am able to do this? In the earlier stages of his ministry Jesus had worked his miracles with little or no solicitation; but now, as the evidences of his power were multiplied, Jesus demanded a fuller expression of faith; for faith was the fruitage for which the miracles were wrought.


Verse 30
And their eyes were opened. And Jesus strictly charged them1, saying, See that no man know it.

  1. Jesus strictly charged them. Sternly.


Verse 32
But they went forth, and spread abroad his fame in all that land1.

  1. But they went forth, and spread abroad his fame in all that land. Jesus might well speak severely when charging his beneficiaries to be silent (Matthew 9:30), for apparently no one of them ever obeyed him.


Verse 33
And when the demon was cast out, the dumb man spake1: and the multitudes marvelled, saying, It was never so seen in Israel.

  1. When the demon was cast out, the dumb man spake. Some regard this demoniac as being the victim of combined physical and spiritual maladies, but it is more likely that the dumbness was caused by the demon, since in some instances they deprived men of reason (Mark 5:15), and in others they threw men into convulsions or distortions (Mark 9:18 Luke 13:11,16).


Verse 34
But the Pharisees said, By the prince of the demons casteth he out demons1.

  1. But the Pharisees said, By the prince of the demons casteth he out demons. If we are correct in our chronology, Jesus had already fully answered this charge. See . If he repeated any part of this answer at this time, Matthew is silent as to it.


Verse 35
And Jesus went about all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues2, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of disease and all manner of sickness.
    THIRD CIRCUIT OF GALILEE. THE TWELVE INSTRUCTED AND SENT FORTH. Matthew 9:35-38; Matthew 10:1,5-42; Mark 6:6-13; Luke 9:1-6

  1. Jesus went about all the cities and villages. See Luke 9:1-6.

  2. Teaching in their synagogues. See Luke 9:1-6.


Verse 36
But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion for them, because they were distressed and scattered, as sheep not having a shepherd1.
    Matthew 9:36-38

  1. Because they were distressed and scattered, as sheep not having a shepherd. These verses contain the reasons why Jesus separated his apostles from himself, and scattered them among the people. The masses of the people of Galilee had been deeply stirred by the teaching and miracles of Jesus, but they knew not as yet what direction was to be given to this popular movement. They were in a bewildered state, like shepherdless sheep, scattered over the hills and faint from running. The twelve were to assist him as undershepherds in gathering these sheep.


Verse 37
Then saith he unto his disciples, The harvest indeed is plenteous, but the laborers are few1.

  1. The harvest indeed is plenteous, but the laborers are few. In the second figure Jesus likens the people to a ripened harvest, and he sends the apostles among them as reapers who shall garner them.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.

Bibliography Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Matthew 9:4". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/matthew-9.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

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Thursday, May 23rd, 2019
the Fifth Week after Easter
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