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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 Peter 3

 

 

Introduction
1He teaches the duty of wives and husbands to each other;
8exhorting all men to unity and love;
14and to suffer persecution.
19He declares also the benefits of Christ toward the old world.

Verse 1
Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives;
ye
Genesis 3:16; Esther 1:16-20; Romans 7:2; *Gr: ; 1 Corinthians 11:3; 14:34; Ephesians 5:22-24,33; Colossians 3:18; 1 Timothy 2:11,12; Titus 2:3-6
obey
1:22; 4:17; Romans 6:17; 10:16; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Hebrews 5:9; 11:8
they
1 Corinthians 7:16; Colossians 4:5
won
Proverbs 11:30; 18:19; Matthew 18:15; 1 Corinthians 9:19-22; James 5:19,20

Verse 2
While they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear.
behold
16; 1:15; 2:12; Philippians 1:27; 3:20; 1 Timothy 4:12; 2 Peter 3:11
with
5,6,15; Ephesians 5:33; 6:5; Colossians 3:22

Verse 3
Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel;
adorning let
1 Timothy 2:9,10; Titus 2:3-15; Romans 12:2
that
Genesis 24:22,47,53; Exodus 3:22; 32:2; 33:4; 35:22; 38:8; 2 Kings 9:30; Esther 5:1; Psalms 45:9; Isaiah 3:18-24; 52:1; 61:10; Jeremiah 2:32; 4:30; Ezekiel 16:7-13; 23:40

Verse 4
But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
the hidden
Psalms 45:13; 51:6; Matthew 23:26; Luke 11:40; Romans 2:29; 6:6; 7:22; 2 Corinthians 4:16; Ephesians 4:22-24; Colossians 3:3,9,10
which is not
1:23
a meek
15; Psalms 25:9; 147:6; 149:4; Isaiah 11:4; 29:19; 57:15; 61:1; Matthew 5:5; 11:29; Matthew 21:5; 2 Corinthians 10:1; Galatians 5:23; Ephesians 4:2; Colossians 3:12; 2 Timothy 2:25; Titus 3:2; James 1:21; 3:13-17
quiet
Psalms 131:2; Jeremiah 51:59; 1 Thessalonians 4:11; 2 Thessalonians 3:12; 1 Timothy 2:2
which is in
1 Samuel 16:7; Psalms 147:10,11; 149:4; Luke 16:15

Verse 5
For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands:
the holy
Proverbs 31:10,30; Luke 8:2,3; Acts 1:14; 9:36; 1 Timothy 2:10; 5:10; Titus 2:3,4
who
1 Samuel 2:1; Jeremiah 49:11; Luke 2:37; 1 Timothy 2:15; 5:5; Hebrews 11:11
adorned
2-4

Verse 6
Even as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose daughters ye are, as long as ye do well, and are not afraid with any amazement.
as Sara
Genesis 18:12
daughters
Gr. children.
Romans 9:7-9; Galatians 4:22-26
and
14,15; Genesis 18:15; Isaiah 57:11; Daniel 3:16-18; Matthew 26:69-75; Acts 4:8-13,19

Verse 7
Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.
ye
Genesis 2:23,24; Proverbs 5:15-19; Malachi 2:14-16; Matthew 19:3-9; 1 Corinthians 7:3; Colossians 3:19; Ephesians 5:25-28,33
giving
1 Corinthians 12:22-24; 1 Thessalonians 4:4
heirs
Ephesians 3:6; Titus 3:7; Hebrews 1:14
that
Job 42:8; Matthew 5:23,24; 18:19; Romans 8:26,27; Ephesians 4:30; 6:18

Verse 8
Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous:
be
Acts 2:1; 4:32; Romans 12:16; 15:5; 1 Corinthians 1:10; Philippians 3:16
having
Zechariah 7:9; Matthew 18:33; Luke 10:33; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26; James 2:13; 3:17
love as brethren
or, loving to the brethren.
1:22; 2:17; Romans 12:10; Hebrews 13:1; 2 Peter 1:7; 1 John 3:14,18,19
pitiful
Psalms 103:13; Proverbs 28:8; Matthew 18:33; James 5:11
courteous
Acts 27:3; 28:7; Ephesians 4:31,32; 5:1,2; Philippians 4:8,9; Colossians 3:12

Verse 9
Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.
rendering
2:20-23; Proverbs 17:13; 20:22; Matthew 5:39,44; Luke 6:27-29; Romans 12:14,17,19-21; 1 Corinthians 4:12,13; Ephesians 4:32; 1 Thessalonians 5:15
called
2:21; 5:10; Romans 8:28,30
that
Matthew 19:29; 25:34; Mark 10:17; Luke 10:25; 18:18

Verse 10
For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:
he
Psalms 34:12-16
love
Deuteronomy 32:47; Job 2:4; Proverbs 3:2,18; 4:22; 8:35; Matthew 19:17; Mark 8:35; John 12:25
see
Job 7:7,8; 9:25; 33:28; Psalms 27:13; 49:19; 106:5; Ecclesiastes 2:3; Matthew 13:16,17
refrain
James 1:26; 3:1-10
speak
2:1,22; John 1:47; Revelation 14:5

Verse 11
Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.
eschew
Job 1:1; 2:3; 28:28; Psalms 34:14; 37:27; Proverbs 3:7; 16:6,17; Isaiah 1:16,17; Matthew 6:13; John 17:15
do
Psalms 125:4; Matthew 5:45; Mark 14:7; Luke 6:9,35; Romans 7:19,21; Galatians 6:10; 1 Timothy 6:18; Hebrews 13:16; James 4:17; 3 John 1:11
seek
Psalms 120:6,7; Matthew 5:9; Luke 1:79; Romans 5:1; 8:6; 12:18; 14:17,19; Galatians 5:22; Colossians 3:15; Hebrews 12:14; James 3:17,18

Verse 12
For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil.
the eyes
Deuteronomy 11:12; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Psalms 11:4; Proverbs 15:3; Zechariah 4:10
his ears
2 Chronicles 7:15; Psalms 65:2; Proverbs 15:8,29; John 9:31; James 5:16
but
Leviticus 17:10; 20:3,6; 26:17; Psalms 80:16; Jeremiah 21:10; Ezekiel 15:7
against
Gr. upon.

Verse 13
And who is he that will harm you, if ye be followers of that which is good?
who
Proverbs 16:7; Romans 8:28; 13:3
followers
Psalms 38:20; Proverbs 15:9; 1 Corinthians 14:1; Ephesians 5:1; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 1 Timothy 5:10; 3 John 1:11

Verse 14
But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled;
if
2:19,20; 4:13-16; Jeremiah 15:15; Matthew 5:10-12; 10:18-22,39; 16:25; 19:29; Mark 8:35; 10:29; Luke 6:22,23; Acts 9:16; 2 Corinthians 12:10; Philippians 1:29; James 1:12
and be
Isaiah 8:12,13; 41:10-14; 51:12; Jeremiah 1:8; Ezekiel 3:9; Matthew 10:28,31; Luke 12:4,5; John 14:1,27; Acts 18:9,10

Verse 15
But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear:
sanctify
Numbers 20:12; 27:14; Isaiah 5:16; 29:23
and be
Psalms 119:46; Jeremiah 26:12-16; Daniel 3:16-18; Amos 7:14-17; Matthew 10:18-20; Luke 21:14,15; Acts 4:8-12; 5:29-31; 21:39,40; 22:1,2-5; Colossians 4:6; 2 Timothy 2:25
a reason
1 Samuel 12:7; Isaiah 1:18; 41:21; Acts 24:25
the hope
1:3,4; Colossians 1:5,23,27; Titus 1:2; Hebrews 3:6; 6:1,18,19
with
2,4; 2 Timothy 2:25,26
fear
or, reverence.

Verse 16
Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ.
a good
21; 2:19; Acts 24:16; Romans 9:1; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 4:2; 1 Timothy 1:5,19; 2 Timothy 1:3; Hebrews 9:14; 13:18
whereas
2:12; Titus 2:8
falsely
Matthew 5:11
good
1,2

Verse 17
For it is better, if the will of God be so, that ye suffer for well doing, than for evil doing.
if
4:19; Matthew 26:39,42; Acts 21:14
suffer
14

Verse 18
For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
Christ
2:21-24; 4:1; Isaiah 53:4-6; Romans 5:6-8; 8:3; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 1:4; 3:13; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 9:26,28
the just
Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 27:19,24; Acts 3:14; 22:14; James 5:6; 1 John 1:9
that
Ephesians 2:16-18
being
4:1; Daniel 9:26; Romans 4:25; 2 Corinthians 1:24; 13:4; Colossians 1:21,22
but
Romans 1:4; 8:11

Verse 19
By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;
By which
1:11,12; 4:6; Nehemiah 9:30; Revelation 19:10
in
Isaiah 42:7; 49:9; 61:1; Revelation 20:7

Verse 20
Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.
sometime
Genesis 6:3,5,13
the longsuffering
Isaiah 30:18; Romans 2:4,5; 9:22; 2 Peter 3:15
the days
Matthew 24:37-39; Luke 17:26-30
while
Genesis 6:14-22; Hebrews 11:7
wherein
Genesis 7:1-7,13,23; 8:1,18; Matthew 7:14; Luke 12:32; 13:24,25; 2 Peter 2:5
by
Genesis 7:17-23; 2 Corinthians 2:15,16; Ephesians 5:26

Verse 21
The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:
like
Romans 5:14; 1 Corinthians 4:6; Hebrews 9:24; *Gr: ; Hebrews 11:19
baptism
Matthew 28:19; Mark 16:16; Acts 2:38; 22:16; Romans 6:3-6; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Galatians 3:27; Ephesians 5:26; Colossians 2:12; Titus 3:5-7
the putting
Ezekiel 36:25,26; Zechariah 13:1; 2 Corinthians 7:1
the answer
Acts 8:37; Romans 10:9,10; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 1 Timothy 6:12
by
1:3

Verse 22
Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.
is gone
Mark 16:19; Acts 1:11; 2:34-36; 3:21; Hebrews 6:20; 8:1; 9:24
is on
Psalms 110:1; Matthew 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42; Romans 8:34; Ephesians 1:20; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3,13; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2
angels
Romans 8:38; 1 Corinthians 15:24; Ephesians 1:21

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Peter 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-peter-3.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 12th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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