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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 Thessalonians 5

 

 

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Introduction
1He proceeds in the former description of Christ's coming to judgment;
16and gives divers precepts;
23and so concludes the epistle.

Verse 1
But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you.
the times
Matthew 24:3,36; Mark 13:30-32; Acts 1:7
ye
4:9; 2 Corinthians 9:1; Jude 1:3

Verse 2
For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.
know
Jeremiah 23:20
the day
Matthew 24:42-44; 25:13; Mark 13:34,35; Luke 12:39,40; 2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 3:3; Revelation 16:15

Verse 3
For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.
Peace
Deuteronomy 29:19; Judges 18:27,28; Psalms 10:11-13; Isaiah 21:4; 56:12; Daniel 5:3-6; Nahum 1:10; Matthew 24:37-39; Luke 17:26-30; 21:34,35
then
Exodus 15:9,10; Joshua 8:20-22; Judges 20:41,42; 2 Chronicles 32:19-21; Psalms 73:18-20; Proverbs 29:1; Isaiah 30:13; Luke 17:27-29; 21:34,35; Acts 12:22,23; 13:41; 2 Thessalonians 1:9; 2 Peter 2:4; Revelation 18:7,8
as
Psalms 48:6; Isaiah 43:6-9; 21:3; Jeremiah 4:31; 6:24; 13:21; 22:23; Hosea 13:13; Micah 4:9,10
and they
Matthew 23:33; Hebrews 2:3; 12:23

Verse 4
But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.
are
Romans 13:11-13; Colossians 1:13; 1 Peter 2:9,10; 1 John 2:8
overtake
Deuteronomy 19:6; 28:15,45; Jeremiah 42:16; Hosea 10:9; Zechariah 1:6

Verse 5
Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.
Luke 16:8; John 12:36; Acts 26:18; Ephesians 5:8

Verse 6
Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober.
let us not
Proverbs 19:15; Isaiah 56:10; Jonah 1:6; Matthew 13:25; 25:5; Mark 14:37; Luke 22:46; Romans 13:11-14; 1 Corinthians 15:34; Ephesians 5:14
watch
Matthew 24:42; 25:13; 26:38,40,41; Mark 13:34,35,37; 14:38; Luke 12:37,39; Luke 21:36; 22:46; Acts 20:31; 1 Corinthians 16:13; Ephesians 6:18; Colossians 4:2; 2 Timothy 4:5; 1 Peter 4:7; Revelation 3:2; 16:15
sober
8; Philippians 4:5; 1 Timothy 2:9,15; 3:2,11; Titus 2:6,12; 1 Peter 1:13; 5:8

Verse 7
For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.
they that sleep
Job 4:13; 33:15; Luke 21:34,35; Romans 13:13; 1 Corinthians 15:34; Ephesians 5:14
and they
1 Samuel 25:36,37; Proverbs 23:29-35; Isaiah 21:4,5; Daniel 5:4,5; Acts 2:15; 2 Peter 2:13

Verse 8
But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
who
5; Romans 13:13; Ephesians 5:8,9; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 John 1:7
the breastplate
Isaiah 59:17; Romans 13:12; 2 Corinthians 6:7; Ephesians 6:11,13-18
the hope
Job 19:23-27; Psalms 42:5,11; 43:5; Lamentations 3:26; Romans 5:2-5; 8:24,25; 1 Corinthians 13:13; Galatians 5:5; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; Hebrews 6:19; 10:35,36; 1 Peter 1:3-5,13; 1 John 3:1-3

Verse 9
For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
not
1:10; 3:3; Exodus 9:16; Proverbs 16:4; Ezekiel 38:10-17; Matthew 26:24; Acts 1:20,25; Acts 13:48; Romans 9:11-23; 2 Timothy 2:19,20; 1 Peter 2:8; 2 Peter 2:3; Jude 1:4
obtain
Romans 11:7,30; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14; 1 Timothy 1:13,16; 2 Timothy 2:10; 1 Peter 2:10; 2 Peter 1:1

Verse 10
Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.
died
Matthew 20:28; John 10:11,15,17; 15:13; Romans 5:6-8; 8:34; 14:8,9; 1 Corinthians 15:3; 2 Corinthians 5:15,21; Ephesians 5:2; 1 Timothy 2:6; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18
whether
4:13,17

Verse 11
Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do.
Wherefore
4:18
comfort
or, exhort.
Hebrews 3:13; 10:25
and edify
Romans 14:19; 15:2; 1 Corinthians 10:23; 14:5,12,29; 2 Corinthians 12:19; Ephesians 4:12,16,29; 1 Timothy 1:4; Jude 1:20
even
4:10; Romans 15:14; 2 Peter 1:12

Verse 12
And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labour among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you;
to know
1 Corinthians 16:18; Philippians 2:19; Hebrews 13:7,17
labour
2:9; Matthew 9:37,38; Luke 10:1,2,7; John 4:38; Acts 20:35; 1 Corinthians 3:9; 15:10; 1 Corinthians 16:16; 2 Corinthians 5:9; 6:1; 11:23; Galatians 4:11; Philippians 2:16; Colossians 1:29; 1 Timothy 5:17,18; 2 Timothy 2:6; Revelation 2:3
and are
Acts 20:28; 1 Corinthians 12:28; Titus 1:5; Hebrews 13:7,17; 1 Peter 5:2,3; Revelation 1:20; Revelation 2:1,8,12,18; 3:1,7,14
and admonish
14; 1 Timothy 5:1,20; Titus 1:3; 2:15

Verse 13
And to esteem them very highly in love for their work's sake. And be at peace among yourselves.
esteem
Matthew 10:40; 1 Corinthians 4:1,2; 9:7-11; Galatians 4:14; 6:6
and be
Genesis 45:24; Psalms 133:1; Mark 9:50; Luke 7:3-5; John 13:34,35; 15:17; Romans 4:17-19; 2 Corinthians 13:11; Galatians 5:22; Ephesians 4:3; Colossians 3:15; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; 2 Timothy 2:22; Hebrews 12:14; James 3:18

Verse 14
Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men.
exhort
or, beseech.
Romans 12:1
you
warn
Jeremiah 6:12; Ezekiel 3:17-21; 33:3-9; Acts 20:27,31; 1 Corinthians 4:14; Colossians 1:28
that
Titus 1:6,10
unruly
or, disorderly.
2 Thessalonians 3:11-13
comfort
2:7-12; Isaiah 35:3,4; 40:1,2,11; Ezekiel 34:16; Matthew 12:20; Luke 22:32; John 21:15-17; Romans 14:1; 15:1-3; Galatians 6:1,2; Hebrews 12:12
support
Acts 20:35; *Gr:
be
Isaiah 63:9; 1 Corinthians 13:4,5; Galatians 5:22; Ephesians 4:2,32; 5:1,2; Colossians 3:12,13; 1 Timothy 3:3; 6:11; 2 Timothy 2:24,25; 4:2; Hebrews 5:2,3; 13:3

Verse 15
See that none render evil for evil unto any man; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men.
See
Genesis 45:24; 1 Corinthians 16:10; Ephesians 5:15,33; 1 Peter 1:22; Revelation 19:10; 22:9
none
Exodus 23:4,5; Leviticus 19:18; 1 Samuel 24:13; Psalms 7:4; Proverbs 17:13; 20:22; 24:17,29; Proverbs 25:21; Matthew 5:39,44,45; Luke 6:35; Romans 12:17-21; 1 Corinthians 6:7; 1 Peter 2:22,23; 3:9
ever
2:12; Deuteronomy 16:20; Psalms 38:20; Romans 14:19; 1 Corinthians 14:1; 1 Timothy 6:11; Hebrews 12:14; 1 Peter 3:11-13; 3 John 1:11
and
Romans 12:17,18; Galatians 6:10; 2 Timothy 2:24; Titus 3:2; 1 Peter 2:17

Verse 16
Rejoice evermore.
Rejoice
2 Corinthians 6:10; Philippians 4:4; Matthew 5:12; Luke 10:20; Romans 12:12

Verse 17
Pray without ceasing.
Pray
Luke 18:1; 21:36; Romans 12:12; Ephesians 6:18; Colossians 4:2; 1 Peter 4:7

Verse 18
In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.
every
Ephesians 5:20; Philippians 4:6; Colossians 3:17; Job 1:21; Psalms 34:1; Hebrews 13:15
for
4:3; 1 Peter 2:15; 4:2; 1 John 2:17

Verse 19
Quench not the Spirit.
Quench
Song of Solomon 8:7; Ephesians 4:30; 6:16
the Spirit
Genesis 6:3; 1 Samuel 16:4; Nehemiah 9:30; Psalms 51:11; Isaiah 63:10; Acts 7:51; 1 Corinthians 14:30; Ephesians 4:30; 1 Timothy 4:14; 2 Timothy 1:6

Verse 20
Despise not prophesyings.
4:8; Numbers 11:25-29; 1 Samuel 10:5,6,10-13; 19:20-24; Acts 19:6; 1 Corinthians 11:4; 1 Corinthians 12:10,28; 13:2,9; 14:1,3-6,22-25,29-32,37-39; Ephesians 4:11,12; Revelation 11:3-11

Verse 21
Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
Prove
Isaiah 8:20; Matthew 7:15-20; Mark 7:14-16; Luke 12:57; Acts 17:11; Romans 12:2; 1 Corinthians 2:11,14,15; 14:28; Ephesians 5:10; Philippians 1:10; *marg:; 1 John 4:1; Revelation 2:2
hold
Deuteronomy 11:6-9; 32:46,47; Proverbs 3:1,21-24; 4:13; 6:21-23; 23:23; Song of Solomon 3:4; John 8:31; 15:4; Acts 11:23; 14:22; Romans 12:9; 1 Corinthians 15:58; Philippians 3:16; 4:8; 2 Thessalonians 2:15; 2 Timothy 1:15; 3:6; 4:14; Hebrews 10:23; Revelation 2:25; 3:3,11

Verse 22
Abstain from all appearance of evil.
4:12; Exodus 23:7; Isaiah 33:15; Matthew 17:26,27; Romans 12:17; 1 Corinthians 8:13; 10:31-33; 2 Corinthians 6:3; 8:20,21; Philippians 4:8; Jude 1:23

Verse 23
And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
God
Romans 15:5,13,33; 16:20; 1 Corinthians 14:33; 2 Corinthians 5:19; Philippians 4:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 5:10
sanctify
3:13; 4:3; Leviticus 20:8,26; Ezekiel 37:28; John 17:19; Acts 20:32; 26:18; 1 Corinthians 1:2; Hebrews 2:11; 1 Peter 1:2; Jude 1:1
your
Hebrews 4:12
preserved
3:13; 1 Corinthians 1:8,9; Ephesians 5:26,27; Philippians 1:6,10; 2:15,16; Colossians 1:22; Jude 1:24

Verse 24
Faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it.
Faithful
Deuteronomy 7:9; Psalms 36:5; 40:10; 86:15; 89:2; 92:2; 100:5; 138:2; 146:6; Isaiah 25:1; Lamentations 3:23; Micah 7:20; John 1:17; 3:33; 1 Corinthians 1:9; 10:13; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 2 Timothy 2:13; Titus 1:2; Hebrews 6:17,18
calleth
2:12; Romans 8:30; 9:24; Galatians 1:15; 2 Thessalonians 2:14; 2 Timothy 1:9; 1 Peter 5:10; 2 Peter 1:3; Revelation 17:14
who
Numbers 23:19; 2 Kings 19:31; Isaiah 9:7; 14:24-26; 37:32; Matthew 24:35

Verse 25
Brethren, pray for us.
Romans 15:30; 2 Corinthians 1:11; Ephesians 6:18-20; Philippians 1:19; Colossians 4:3; 2 Thessalonians 3:1-3; Philemon 1:22; Hebrews 13:18,19

Verse 26
Greet all the brethren with an holy kiss.
Romans 16:16; 1 Corinthians 16:20

Verse 27
I charge you by the Lord that this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren.
I charge
or, I adjure.
2:11; Numbers 27:23; 1 Kings 22:16; 2 Chronicles 18:15; Matthew 26:63; Mark 5:7; Acts 19:13; 1 Timothy 1:3,18; 5:7,21; 6:13,17; 2 Timothy 4:1
that
Colossians 4:16; 2 Thessalonians 3:14
holy
Hebrews 3:1

Verse 28
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
Romans 1:7; 16:20,24; 2 Thessalonians 3:18

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-thessalonians-5.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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