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2 Chronicles 36



1Jehoahaz succeeding, is deposed by Pharaoh, and carried into Egypt.
5Jehoiakim reigning ill, is carried bound into Babylon.
9Jehoiachin succeeding, reigns ill, and is brought into Babylon.
11Zedekiah succeeding, reigns ill, despises the prophets, and rebels against Nebuchadnezzar.
14Jerusalem, for the sins of the priests and the people, is wholly destroyed.
22The proclamation of Cyrus.

Verse 1
Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem.
the people
26:1; 33:25; 2 Kings 23:30-37
2 Kings 23:31-34; 1 Chronicles 3:15; Jeremiah 22:11

Verse 3
And the king of Egypt put him down at Jerusalem, and condemned the land in an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.
put him down
Heb. removed him.
2 Kings 23:33
Heb. mulcted.

Verse 4
And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt.
made Eliakim
2 Kings 23:34,35; 1 Chronicles 3:15
Jeremiah 22:10-12; Ezekiel 19:3,4

Verse 5
Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God.
2 Kings 23:36,37; Jeremiah 22:13-19; 26:21-23; 36:1,27-32

Verse 6
Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon.
A. M. 3397. B.C. 607. came up
2 Kings 24:1,2,5,6,13-20; Ezekiel 19:5-9; Daniel 1:1,2; Habakkuk 1:5-10
or, chains.

Verse 7
Nebuchadnezzar also carried of the vessels of the house of the LORD to Babylon, and put them in his temple at Babylon.
A. M. 3398. B.C. 606. the vessels
2 Kings 24:13; Ezra 1:7-11; Jeremiah 27:16-18; 28:3; Daniel 5:2-4

Verse 8
Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and his abominations which he did, and that which was found in him, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3394-3405. B.C. 610-599. written
2 Kings 24:5,6
1 Chronicles 3:16,17
Jeremiah 22:24,28
Matthew 1:11,12

Verse 9
Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD.
A. M. 3405. B.C. 599. eight years old. The Syriac, Arabic, and the parallel place, (on which see the Note,) have "eighteen years;" which, as Scaliger observes, is no doubt the genuine reading
2 Kings 24:8,9

Verse 10
And when the year was expired, king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.
when the year was expired
Heb. at the return of the year. king Nebuchadnezzar.
2 Kings 24:10-17; 25:27-30; Jeremiah 29:2; Ezekiel 1:2
goodly vessels
Heb. vessels of desire.
7; Jeremiah 27:18-22; Daniel 1:1,2; 5:2,23
2 Kings 24:17
Mattaniah his father's brother
1 Chronicles 3:15,16; Jeremiah 37:1

Verse 11
Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem.
A. M. 3405-3416. B.C. 599-588. one and twenty
2 Kings 24:18-20; Jeremiah 52:1-3

Verse 12
And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God, and humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of the LORD.
32:26; 33:12,19,23; Exodus 10:3; Daniel 5:22,23; James 4:10; 1 Peter 5:6
before Jeremiah
Jeremiah 21:1-10; 27:12-22; 28:1-17; 34:2-22; 37:2-21; 38:14-28
the mouth

Verse 13
And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the LORD God of Israel.
2 Kings 24:20; Jeremiah 52:2,3; Ezekiel 17:11-20
who had
Joshua 9:15,19,20; 2 Samuel 21:2
2 Kings 17:4; Nehemiah 9:16,17; Isaiah 48:4
Exodus 8:15,32; 9:17; Nehemiah 9:29; Romans 2:4,5; Hebrews 3:8,13

Verse 14
Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the LORD which he had hallowed in Jerusalem.
all the chief
2 Kings 16:10-16; Ezra 9:7; Jeremiah 5:5; 37:13-15; 38:4; Ezekiel 22:6,26-28; Daniel 9:6,8; Micah 3:1-4,9-11; 7:2; Zephaniah 3:3,4
very much
28:3; 33:9
33:4-7; Ezekiel 8:5-16

Verse 15
And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place:
the Lord
24:18-21; 33:10; 2 Kings 17:13; Jeremiah 25:3,4; 26:5; 35:15; 44:4,5
his messengers
Heb. the hand of his messengers. betimes. i.e., continually and carefully. because.
Judges 10:16; 2 Kings 13:23; Hosea 11:8; Luke 19:41-44

Verse 16
But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy.
30:10; Psalms 35:16; Isaiah 28:22; Jeremiah 5:12,13; 20:7; Luke 18:32; 22:63,64; Luke 23:11,36; Acts 2:13; 17:32; Hebrews 11:36
Proverbs 1:24-30; Luke 16:14; Acts 13:41; 1 Thessalonians 4:8
Jeremiah 32:3; 38:6; Matthew 5:12; 21:33-41; Acts 7:52
the wrath
Psalms 74:1; 79:1-5
Proverbs 6:15; 29:1
Heb. healing.

Verse 17
Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand.
he brought
33:11; Deuteronomy 28:49; 2 Kings 24:2,3; Ezra 9:7; Jeremiah 15:8; 32:42; 40:3; Daniel 9:14
the king
2 Kings 25:1-30; Jeremiah 39:1-18; 52:1-34
who slew
Leviticus 26:14-46; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; 29:18-28; 30:18; 31:16-18; 32:15-28; Psalms 74:20; 79:2,3; Jeremiah 15:9; 18:21; Lamentations 2:21,22
in the house
24:21; Lamentations 2:20; Ezekiel 9:5-7; Luke 13:1,2
no compassion
Deuteronomy 28:50; Psalms 74:20

Verse 18
And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon.
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588. all the vessels
7,10; 2 Kings 25:13-17; Jeremiah 27:18-22; 52:17-23; Daniel 5:3
2 Kings 20:13-17; Isaiah 39:6; Zechariah 1:6

Verse 19
And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.
they burnt
2 Kings 25:9; Psalms 74:4-8; 79:1,7; Isaiah 64:10,11; Jeremiah 7:4,14; 52:13; Lamentations 4:1; Micah 3:12; Luke 21:6
brake down
2 Kings 25:10,11; Jeremiah 52:14,15

Verse 20
And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia:
A. M. 3416-3468. B.C. 588-536. And them that had escaped from. Heb. And the remainder from. they were servants
Deuteronomy 28:47,48; Jeremiah 27:7
until the reign
22; Ezra 1:1-11

Verse 21
To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.
To fulfil
Jeremiah 25:9,12; 26:6,7; 27:12,13; 29:10; Daniel 9:2; Zechariah 1:4-6
until the land
Leviticus 25:4-6; 26:34,35,43; Zechariah 1:12

Verse 22
Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,
A. M. 3468. B.C. 536. This verse and the next have a double aspect. They look back to the prophecy of Jeremiah, and show how that was accomplished; and they look forward to the history of Ezra, which begins with a repetition of these two last verses
in the first
Ezra 1:1-3
Isaiah 44:28; Daniel 10:1
that the word
21; Jeremiah 25:12,14; 29:10; 32:42-44; 33:10-14; Hebrews 10:23
the Lord stirred
21:16; 1 Samuel 26:19; 1 Kings 11:14,23; 1 Chronicles 5:26; Ezra 1:5; Isaiah 13:3-5,17,18; 44:28; 45:1-5; Haggai 1:14
a proclamation
24:9; 30:5

Verse 23
Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and let him go up.
All the kingdoms
Psalms 75:5-7; Daniel 2:21,37; 4:35; 5:18,23
he hath charged
Isaiah 44:26-28
Who is there
1 Chronicles 22:16; 29:5; Ezra 7:13; Zechariah 2:6,7; Romans 8:31


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 36:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 29th, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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