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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Corinthians 8

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1He stirs them up to a liberal contribution for the poor saints at Jerusalem, by the example of the Macedonians;
7by commendation of their former forwardness;
9by the example of Christ;
14and by the spiritual profit that shall redound to themselves thereby;
16commending to them the integrity and willingness of Titus, and those other brethren, who upon his request, exhortation, and commendation, were purposely come to them for this business.

Verse 1
Moreover, brethren, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia;
we
the grace
2-7; 9:12; Acts 11:23; 1 Corinthians 15:10; Ephesians 3:8; Colossians 1:29
churches
9:2,4; 11:9; Acts 16:9; Romans 15:26; 1 Thessalonians 1:7,8; 4:10

Verse 2
How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.
in
1 Thessalonians 1:6; 2:14; 3:3,4
the abundance
Nehemiah 8:10-12; Acts 2:45,46
their deep
Mark 12:42-44; Luke 21:1-4; James 2:5; Revelation 2:9
the riches
6:10; 9:11,13; Deuteronomy 15:4; Proverbs 11:25; Isaiah 32:5-8
liberality
Gr. simplicity.
1:12; Romans 12:8

Verse 3
For to their power, I bear record, yea, and beyond their power they were willing of themselves;
to
9:6,7; Mark 14:8; Acts 11:29; 1 Corinthians 16:2; 1 Peter 4:11
I bear
Romans 10:2; Galatians 4:15; Colossians 4:13
beyond
12,16,17; Exodus 35:5,21,22,29; 1 Chronicles 29:5,6,9,13-17; Psalms 110:3; 1 Corinthians 9:17; Philippians 2:13; 1 Thessalonians 2:8; Philemon 1:14; 1 Peter 5:2

Verse 4
Praying us with much intreaty that we would receive the gift, and take upon us the fellowship of the ministering to the saints.
that
18,19; Genesis 33:10,11; 2 Kings 5:15,16; Acts 16:15; 1 Corinthians 16:3,4
the ministering
9:1,12-14; Matthew 10:42; 12:50; 25:40,44,45; Mark 14:7; John 19:26,27; Acts 6:1-7; 9:39-41; 11:29; 24:17; Romans 15:25,26; 1 Corinthians 16:1,3,4,15; Galatians 2:10; 6:10; 1 Timothy 5:10; Philemon 1:5,6; Hebrews 6:10; 1 John 3:16-18

Verse 5
And this they did, not as we hoped, but first gave their own selves to the Lord, and unto us by the will of God.
first
5:14,15; 1 Samuel 1:28; 2 Chronicles 30:8; Isaiah 44:3-5; Jeremiah 31:33; Zechariah 13:9; Romans 6:13; 12:1; 14:7-9; 1 Corinthians 6:19,20
unto
4:5; 1 Chronicles 12:18; 2 Chronicles 30:12

Verse 6
Insomuch that we desired Titus, that as he had begun, so he would also finish in you the same grace also.
we
16,17; 12:18
grace
or, gift.
4,19; *marg:; 9:5; Philippians 4:18; 1 Peter 4:10

Verse 7
Therefore, as ye abound in every thing, in faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and in all diligence, and in your love to us, see that ye abound in this grace also.
as
Romans 15:14; 1 Corinthians 1:5; 4:7; 12:13; 14:12; Revelation 3:17
faith
1 Corinthians 13:2
knowledge
1 Corinthians 8:1,2; 13:8
in your
7:7
see
9:8; Philippians 1:9,11; 1 Thessalonians 4:9,10; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 1 Peter 1:22; 2 Peter 1:5-8
this
6; 9:14; Ephesians 4:29; 2 Timothy 2:1; Hebrews 12:28; 2 Peter 3:18

Verse 8
I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love.
speak
10; 9:7; 1 Corinthians 7:6,12,25
by occasion
1-3; 9:2; Romans 11:12-14; Hebrews 10:24
prove
24; 6:6; Joshua 24:14; Ezekiel 33:31; Romans 12:9; Ephesians 4:15; *marg:; Ephesians 6:24; James 2:14-16; 1 Peter 1:22; 1 John 3:17-19

Verse 9
For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
the grace
13:14; John 1:14,17; Romans 5:8,20,21; 1 Corinthians 1:4; Ephesians 1:6-8; 2:7; 3:8,19
though
Psalms 102:25-27; John 1:1-4,10; 16:15; 1 Corinthians 15:47; Philippians 2:6; Colossians 1:16,17; Hebrews 1:2,6-14
for
Isaiah 62:1; 65:8; John 12:30; 17:19; Colossians 1:24
he became
Isaiah 53:2; Matthew 8:20; 17:27; 20:28; Mark 6:3; Luke 2:7; 8:3; 9:58; Philippians 2:6-8
that ye
6:10; Luke 16:11; Romans 8:32; 11:12; 1 Corinthians 3:21,22; Ephesians 3:8; 1 Timothy 6:18; James 2:5; Revelation 3:18; 21:7

Verse 10
And herein I give my advice: for this is expedient for you, who have begun before, not only to do, but also to be forward a year ago.
I give
1 Corinthians 7:25,40
expedient
12:1; Proverbs 19:17; Matthew 10:42; John 11:50; 16:7; 18:14; 1 Corinthians 6:12; 10:23; Philippians 4:17; 1 Timothy 6:18,19; Hebrews 13:16; James 2:15,16
to be
8; 9:2
forward
Gr. willing.

Verse 12
For if there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to that a man hath, and not according to that he hath not.
if
9:7; Exodus 25:2; 35:5,21,22,29; 1 Chronicles 29:3-18; 2 Chronicles 6:8; Proverbs 19:22; Mark 12:42-44; 14:7,8; Luke 7:44-46; 12:47,48; 16:10; 21:1-4; 1 Peter 4:10

Verse 13
For I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened:
not
Acts 4:34; Romans 15:26,27

Verse 15
As it is written, He that had gathered much had nothing over; and he that had gathered little had no lack.
Exodus 16:18; Luke 22:35

Verse 16
But thanks be to God, which put the same earnest care into the heart of Titus for you.
thanks
Ezra 7:27; Nehemiah 2:12; Jeremiah 31:31; 32:40; Colossians 3:17; Revelation 17:17
earnest
7:7,12; Philippians 2:20

Verse 17
For indeed he accepted the exhortation; but being more forward, of his own accord he went unto you.
accepted
6; Hebrews 13:22
but
8,10

Verse 18
And we have sent with him the brother, whose praise is in the gospel throughout all the churches;
the brother
This is generally supposed to have been Said. Luke, "whose praise was in all the churches," on account of the gospel which he had written, and for many zealous services in its cause.
19,22,23; 12:18
throughout
Romans 16:4

Verse 19
And not that only, but who was also chosen of the churches to travel with us with this grace, which is administered by us to the glory of the same Lord, and declaration of your ready mind:
but
1-4; Acts 6:3-6; 15:22,25; 1 Corinthians 16:3,4
grace
or gift.
4,6,7; 9:8
to the
1,2; 4:15; 9:12-14; Philippians 4:18,19; 1 Peter 4:10,11

Verse 20
Avoiding this, that no man should blame us in this abundance which is administered by us:
that
11:12; Matthew 10:16; Romans 14:16; 1 Corinthians 16:3; Ephesians 5:15; 1 Thessalonians 5:22

Verse 21
Providing for honest things, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men.
for
Romans 12:17; Philippians 4:8; 1 Timothy 5:14; Titus 2:5-8; 1 Peter 2:12
not
2:17; 5:9-11; Matthew 5:16; 6:1,4; 23:5; 1 Thessalonians 5:22

Verse 22
And we have sent with them our brother, whom we have oftentimes proved diligent in many things, but now much more diligent, upon the great confidence which I have in you.
whom
Philippians 2:20-22
I have
or, he hath.

Verse 23
Whether any do enquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellowhelper concerning you: or our brethren be enquired of, they are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ.
Titus
6,16; 7:6; 12:18
is my
Luke 5:7,10; Philemon 1:17
and fellow-helper
Philippians 2:25; 4:3; Colossians 1:7; 1 Thessalonians 2:2; Philemon 1:24; 3 John 1:8
the messengers
19; Philippians 2:25; *Gr:

Verse 24
Wherefore shew ye to them, and before the churches, the proof of your love, and of our boasting on your behalf.
8; 7:14; 9:2-4

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 8:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-corinthians-8.html.


Lectionary Calendar
Monday, July 16th, 2018
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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