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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Kings 10

 

 

Introduction
1Jehu, by his letters, causes seventy of Ahab's children to be beheaded.
8He excuses the fact by the prophecy of Elijah.
12At the shearing house he slays two and forty of Ahaziah's brethren.
15He takes Jehonadab into his company.
18By subtilty he destroys all the worshippers of Baal.
29Jehu follows Jeroboam's sins.
32Hazael oppresses Israel.
34Jehoahaz succeeds Jehu.

Verse 1
And Ahab had seventy sons in Samaria. And Jehu wrote letters, and sent to Samaria, unto the rulers of Jezreel, to the elders, and to them that brought up Ahab's children, saying,
seventy sons
Judges 8:30; 10:4; 12:14
in Samaria
5:3; 1 Kings 13:32; 16:28; 2 Chronicles 22:9
the rulers
Deuteronomy 16:18; 1 Kings 21:8-14
them
Heb. nourishers.

Verse 2
Now as soon as this letter cometh to you, seeing your master's sons are with you, and there are with you chariots and horses, a fenced city also, and armour;
as soon
5:6

Verse 3
Look even out the best and meetest of your master's sons, and set him on his father's throne, and fight for your master's house.
Look even
Deuteronomy 17:14,15; 1 Samuel 10:24; 11:15; 2 Samuel 2:8,9; 1 Kings 1:24,25; 12:20
fight for
2 Samuel 2:12-17; 1 Kings 12:21; John 18:36

Verse 4
But they were exceedingly afraid, and said, Behold, two kings stood not before him: how then shall we stand?
Behold
9:24,27
how then shall
Isaiah 27:4; Jeremiah 49:19; Nahum 1:6; Luke 14:31

Verse 5
And he that was over the house, and he that was over the city, the elders also, and the bringers up of the children, sent to Jehu, saying, We are thy servants, and will do all that thou shalt bid us; we will not make any king: do thou that which is good in thine eyes.
We are thy servants
18:14; Joshua 9:11,24,25; 1 Kings 20:4,32; Jeremiah 27:7,8,17; John 12:26

Verse 6
Then he wrote a letter the second time to them, saying, If ye be mine, and if ye will hearken unto my voice, take ye the heads of the men your master's sons, and come to me to Jezreel by to morrow this time. Now the king's sons, being seventy persons, were with the great men of the city, which brought them up.
If ye be mine
Heb. If ye be for me.
9:32; Matthew 12:30; Luke 9:50
take ye
Numbers 25:4; 1 Kings 21:8-11
your master's sons
Deuteronomy 5:9; Joshua 7:24,25; Job 21:19; Isaiah 14:21,22; Revelation 2:20-23
which brought them up
"The rich," says Mr. Morier, "hire a dedeh, or wet nurse for their children. If a boy, the father appoints a steady man from the age of two years to be his laleh, who, I conjecture, must stand in the same capacity as the bringers up of children mentioned in the catastrophe of Ahab's sons. But if it be a daughter, she has a gees sefeed, or white head, attached to her for the same purpose as the laleh."

Verse 7
And it came to pass, when the letter came to them, that they took the king's sons, and slew seventy persons, and put their heads in baskets, and sent him them to Jezreel.
slew seventy
9; 11:1; Judges 9:5-57; 1 Kings 21:21; 2 Chronicles 21:4; Matthew 14:8-11

Verse 8
And there came a messenger, and told him, saying, They have brought the heads of the king's sons. And he said, Lay ye them in two heaps at the entering in of the gate until the morning.
there came
2 Samuel 11:18-21; 1 Kings 21:14; Mark 6:28
Lay ye them
Such barbarities are by no means uncommon in the East. "It has been know to occur," says Mr. Morier, "after the combat was over, that prisoners have been put to death in cold blood, in order that the heads, which are immediately despatched to the king, and deposited in heaps at the place gates, might make a more considerable show."
until the morning
Deuteronomy 21:23

Verse 9
And it came to pass in the morning, that he went out, and stood, and said to all the people, Ye be righteous: behold, I conspired against my master, and slew him: but who slew all these?
Ye be righteous
1 Samuel 12:3; Isaiah 5:3
I conspired
9:14-24; Hosea 1:4

Verse 10
Know now that there shall fall unto the earth nothing of the word of the LORD, which the LORD spake concerning the house of Ahab: for the LORD hath done that which he spake by his servant Elijah.
fall unto the earth
1 Samuel 3:19; 15:29; Jeremiah 44:28,29; Zechariah 1:6; Mark 13:31
the Lord hath done
9:7-10; 1 Kings 21:19,21-24,29
by
Heb. by the hand of.
9:36; *marg:

Verse 11
So Jehu slew all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men, and his kinsfolks, and his priests, until he left him none remaining.
and
Psalms 125:5; Proverbs 13:20
kinsfolks
or, acquaintance. his priests.
23:20; 1 Kings 18:19,40; 22:6; Revelation 19:20; 20:10
he left
Joshua 10:30; 11:8; 1 Kings 14:10; 15:29; 16:11; 21:22; Job 18:19; Psalms 109:13; Isaiah 14:21,22

Verse 12
And he arose and departed, and came to Samaria. And as he was at the shearing house in the way,
shearing house
Heb. house of shepherds binding sheep.

Verse 13
Jehu met with the brethren of Ahaziah king of Judah, and said, Who are ye? And they answered, We are the brethren of Ahaziah; and we go down to salute the children of the king and the children of the queen.
met with
Heb. found. the brethren.
8:24,29; 9:21-27; 2 Chronicles 21:17; 22:1-10
salute
Heb. the peace of, etc.

Verse 14
And he said, Take them alive. And they took them alive, and slew them at the pit of the shearing house, even two and forty men; neither left he any of them.
Take them alive
6,10,11; 1 Kings 20:18
neither left
8:18; 11:1; 2 Chronicles 22:8,10

Verse 15
And when he was departed thence, he lighted on Jehonadab the son of Rechab coming to meet him: and he saluted him, and said to him, Is thine heart right, as my heart is with thy heart? And Jehonadab answered, It is. If it be, give me thine hand. And he gave him his hand; and he took him up to him into the chariot.
lighted on
Heb. found.
13; 9:21; *margins
Jehonadab
Jeremiah 35:6,8,14-19
Jonadab
Rechab.
1 Chronicles 2:55
saluted
Heb. blessed.
Genesis 31:55; 47:7,10
Is thine heart right
1 Chronicles 12:17,18; John 21:15-17; Galatians 4:12
give me
Ezra 10:19; Ezekiel 17:18; Galatians 2:9
he took him
Jehu asked for the hand of Jehonadab not merely for the purpose of assisting him into the chariot, but that he might give him an assurance that he would assist him in the prosecution of his desires; for giving the hand is considered as a pledge of friendship and fidelity, or a form of entering into a contract, among all nations. Mr. Bruce relates, that when he entreated the protection of a sheikh, the great people who were assembled came, "and after joining hands, repeated a kind of prayer, of about two minutes long; by which they declared themselves and their children accursed, if ever they lifted their hands against me in the tell, (or field) in the desert, or on the river; or, in case that I, or mine, should fly to them for refuge, if they did not protect us at the risk of their lives, their families, and their fortunes, or, as they emphatically expressed it, to the death of the last male child among them." Another striking instance occurs in Ockley's History of the Saracens. Telha, just before he died, asked one of Ali's men if he belonged to the emperor of the faithful; and being informed that he did, "Give me then," said he, "your hand, that I may put mine in it, and by this action renew the oath of fidelity which I have already made to Ali."
Acts 8:31

Verse 16
And he said, Come with me, and see my zeal for the LORD. So they made him ride in his chariot.
Come with me
31; 9:7-9; Numbers 23:4; 24:13-16; 1 Kings 19:10,14,17; Proverbs 27:2; Ezekiel 33:31; Matthew 6:2,5; Romans 10:2

Verse 17
And when he came to Samaria, he slew all that remained unto Ahab in Samaria, till he had destroyed him, according to the saying of the LORD, which he spake to Elijah.
he slew
11; 9:8; 2 Chronicles 22:8; Psalms 109:8,9; Malachi 4:1
according
10; 9:25,26; 1 Kings 21:21

Verse 18
And Jehu gathered all the people together, and said unto them, Ahab served Baal a little; but Jehu shall serve him much.
Ahab served Baal
3:2; 1 Kings 16:31,32; 18:19,22,40
Jehu
Job 13:7; Romans 3:8; Philippians 4:8

Verse 19
Now therefore call unto me all the prophets of Baal, all his servants, and all his priests; let none be wanting: for I have a great sacrifice to do to Baal; whosoever shall be wanting, he shall not live. But Jehu did it in subtilty, to the intent that he might destroy the worshippers of Baal.
all the prophets
3:13; 1 Kings 22:6
all his servants
all his priests
But Jehu
18; Job 13:7; Proverbs 29:5; 2 Corinthians 4:2; 11:3,13-15; 12:16-18; 1 Thessalonians 2:3

Verse 20
And Jehu said, Proclaim a solemn assembly for Baal. And they proclaimed it.
Proclaim
Heb. Sanctify.
1 Kings 18:19,20; 21:12; Joel 1:14

Verse 21
And Jehu sent through all Israel: and all the worshippers of Baal came, so that there was not a man left that came not. And they came into the house of Baal; and the house of Baal was full from one end to another.
And they came
Joel 3:2,11-14; Revelation 16:16
the house of Baal
1 Kings 16:32
full from one end to another
or, so full that they stood mouth to mouth.
Judges 16:27

Verse 22
And he said unto him that was over the vestry, Bring forth vestments for all the worshippers of Baal. And he brought them forth vestments.
vestments
Exodus 28:2; Matthew 22:11,12

Verse 23
And Jehu went, and Jehonadab the son of Rechab, into the house of Baal, and said unto the worshippers of Baal, Search, and look that there be here with you none of the servants of the LORD, but the worshippers of Baal only.
Jehonadab
the worshippers
Matthew 13:30,41; 25:32,33

Verse 24
And when they went in to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings, Jehu appointed fourscore men without, and said, If any of the men whom I have brought into your hands escape, he that letteth him go, his life shall be for the life of him.
If any of the men
1 Kings 20:30-42

Verse 25
And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, Go in, and slay them; let none come forth. And they smote them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the captains cast them out, and went to the city of the house of Baal.
Go in
Exodus 32:27; Deuteronomy 13:6-11; Ezekiel 9:5-7
let
Ezekiel 22:21,22; Revelation 16:6,7
edge
Heb. mouth.

Verse 26
And they brought forth the images out of the house of Baal, and burned them.
images
Heb. statues.
1 Kings 14:23; *marg:
and burned them
19:18; 2 Samuel 5:21

Verse 27
And they brake down the image of Baal, and brake down the house of Baal, and made it a draught house unto this day.
brake down the image
18:4; 23:7-14; Leviticus 26:30; Deuteronomy 7:5,25; 1 Kings 16:32; 2 Chronicles 34:3-7
made it a draught house
This was an ancient mode of degradation, which still continues in the East; and we are informed, that Abbas the Great, king of Persia, having conquered Bagdad, treated the tomb of Hanifah, one of the fathers of the church among the Turks, in a similar manner.
Ezra 6:11; Daniel 2:5; 3:29

Verse 29
Howbeit from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, Jehu departed not from after them, to wit, the golden calves that were in Bethel, and that were in Dan.
A. M. 3120-3148. B.C. 884-856. the sins
13:2,11; 14:24; 15:9,18,24,28; 17:22; 1 Kings 12:28-30; 13:33,34; 14:16
made Israel
Genesis 20:9; Exodus 32:21; 1 Samuel 2:24; Mark 6:24-26; 1 Corinthians 8:9-13; Galatians 2:12,13
the golden calves
Exodus 32:4; Hosea 8:5,6; 10:5; 13:2
in Beth-el
1 Kings 12:29

Verse 30
And the LORD said unto Jehu, Because thou hast done well in executing that which is right in mine eyes, and hast done unto the house of Ahab according to all that was in mine heart, thy children of the fourth generation shall sit on the throne of Israel.
Because thou hast
1 Kings 21:29; Ezekiel 29:18-20; Hosea 1:4
according to all that
1 Samuel 15:18-24; 1 Kings 20:42; 21:22
thy children
35; 13:1,10; 14:23; 15:8-12

Verse 31
But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the LORD God of Israel with all his heart: for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin.
took no heed
Heb. observed not.
Deuteronomy 4:15,23; 1 Kings 2:4; Psalms 39:1; 119:9; Proverbs 4:23; Hebrews 2:1; 12:15
walk
Deuteronomy 5:33; 10:12,13; 2 Chronicles 6:16; Nehemiah 10:29; Psalms 78:10; Ezekiel 36:27; Daniel 9:10
he departed
29; 3:3; 1 Kings 14:16

Verse 32
In those days the LORD began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel;
cut
Heb. cut off the ends of. Hazael.
8:12; 13:22; 1 Kings 19:17

Verse 33
From Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan.
eastward
Heb. toward the rising of the sun. the land of Gilead.
Numbers 32:33-42; Deuteronomy 3:12-17; Joshua 13:9-12
even
or, even to.
Amos 1:3,4

Verse 34
Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
12:19; 13:8; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19,29

Verse 35
And Jehu slept with his fathers: and they buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3148. B.C. 856. Jehu slept
2 Samuel 7:12; 1 Kings 1:21; 2:10; 14:20,31
Jehoahaz
13:1,7,8

Verse 36
And the time that Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty and eight years.
the time
Heb. the days were.

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-10.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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