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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Kings 12

 

 

Introduction
1Jehoash reigns well all the days of Jehoiada.
4He gives order for the repair of the temple.
17Hazael is diverted from Jerusalem by a present of the hallowed treasures.
19Jehoash being slain, Amaziah succeeds him.

Verse 1
In the seventh year of Jehu Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zibiah of Beersheba.
the seventh
9:27; 11:1,3,4,21; 2 Chronicles 24:1-14
Jehoash
11:2; 1 Chronicles 3:11
Joash

Verse 2
And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him.
14:3; 2 Chronicles 24:2,17-22; 25:2; 26:4

Verse 3
But the high places were not taken away: the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places.
14:4; 18:4; 1 Kings 15:14; 22:43; 2 Chronicles 31:4; Jeremiah 2:20

Verse 4
And Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the dedicated things that is brought into the house of the LORD, even the money of every one that passeth the account, the money that every man is set at, and all the money that cometh into any man's heart to bring into the house of the LORD,
A. M. 3148. B.C. 856. said to the priests
22:4; 2 Chronicles 29:4-11; 35:2
the money
18; 1 Kings 7:1; 1 Chronicles 18:11; 2 Chronicles 15:18; 31:12
dedicated things
or, holy things. Heb. holiness.
Leviticus 5:15,16; 27:12-27,31
even the money
22:4; Exodus 30:12-16; 2 Chronicles 24:9,10
that every may is set at
Heb. of the souls of his estimation.
Leviticus 27:2-8
and all the money
Exodus 25:1,2; 35:5,22,29; 36:3; 1 Chronicles 29:3-9,17; Ezra 1:6; 2:69; 7:16; Ezra 8:25-28; Luke 21:4
cometh, etc
Heb. ascendeth upon the heart of a man.

Verse 5
Let the priests take it to them, every man of his acquaintance: and let them repair the breaches of the house, wheresoever any breach shall be found.
Let the priests
2 Chronicles 24:5
let them repair
12; 22:5,6; 1 Kings 11:27; 2 Chronicles 24:7; Isaiah 58:12

Verse 6
But it was so, that in the three and twentieth year of king Jehoash the priests had not repaired the breaches of the house.
three and twentieth year
Heb. twentieth year and third year. the priests.
1 Samuel 2:29,30; 2 Chronicles 29:34; Isaiah 56:10-12; Malachi 1:10; Philippians 2:21; 1 Peter 5:2

Verse 7
Then king Jehoash called for Jehoiada the priest, and the other priests, and said unto them, Why repair ye not the breaches of the house? now therefore receive no more money of your acquaintance, but deliver it for the breaches of the house.
king Jehoash
2 Chronicles 24:5,6-14
Jehoiada
2; 11:4; 2 Chronicles 23:1; 24:16
Why repair ye
1 Chronicles 21:3

Verse 9
But Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one cometh into the house of the LORD: and the priests that kept the door put therein all the money that was brought into the house of the LORD.
took a chest
2 Chronicles 24:8-14; Mark 12:41
beside
2 Chronicles 24:10
the priests
22:4; 23:4; 25:18; 1 Chronicles 15:18,24; Jeremiah 35:4; 52:24
door
Heb. threshold.
Psalms 84:10; *marg:

Verse 10
And it was so, when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king's scribe and the high priest came up, and they put up in bags, and told the money that was found in the house of the LORD.
the king's
19:2; 22:3,12; 2 Samuel 8:17; 20:25
scribe
or, secretary. put up. Heb. bound up.
5:23
in bags
Sir J. Chardin informs us, "it is a custom of Persia always to seal up bags of money; and the money of the king's treasure is not told, but is received by bags sealed up." These are what are called in the East purses; each of which, as Maillet informs us, contains money to the amount of 1,500 livres, or about 63£. of our money. The money thus collected for the reparation of the temple, seems, in like manner, to have been reckoned in bags of equal value to each other; as we can scarcely imagine the placing it in bags would otherwise have been mentioned. The value of a Jewish purse is unknown; but the bags mentioned in ch. 5:23, amounted to a talent.

Verse 11
And they gave the money, being told, into the hands of them that did the work, that had the oversight of the house of the LORD: and they laid it out to the carpenters and builders, that wrought upon the house of the LORD,
gave the money
22:5,6; 2 Chronicles 24:11,12; 34:9-11
laid it out
Heb. brought it forth.

Verse 12
And to masons, and hewers of stone, and to buy timber and hewed stone to repair the breaches of the house of the LORD, and for all that was laid out for the house to repair it.
masons
1 Kings 5:17,18; Ezra 3:7; 5:8; Luke 21:5
was laid out
Heb. went forth.

Verse 13
Howbeit there were not made for the house of the LORD bowls of silver, snuffers, basons, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels of silver, of the money that was brought into the house of the LORD:
there were not
That is, there were no vessels made for the service of the temple till all the outward repairs were completed; but, when this was done, "they brought the rest of the money before the king and Jehoiada, whereof were made vessels of gold and silver," (2 Ch 24:14,) to replace those which had been taken away by Athaliah and her sons.
2 Chronicles 24:14
bowls
Numbers 7:13,14; 1 Kings 7:48-50; Ezra 1:9-11
trumpets
Numbers 10:2

Verse 15
Moreover they reckoned not with the men, into whose hand they delivered the money to be bestowed on workmen: for they dealt faithfully.
they reckoned
22:7
for they dealt
2 Chronicles 34:12; Nehemiah 7:2; Matthew 24:45; Luke 16:1,10,11; 1 Corinthians 4:2,3; 3 John 1:5

Verse 16
The trespass money and sin money was not brought into the house of the LORD: it was the priests'.
trespass money
Leviticus 5:15-18; 7:7; Numbers 5:8-10; 18:8,9; Hosea 4:8

Verse 17
Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.
A. M. 3164. B.C. 840. Hazael
8:12-15
against Gath
1 Samuel 27:2; 1 Kings 2:39,40; 1 Chronicles 8:13; 18:1
set his face
Jeremiah 42:15; Luke 9:51,53
to Jerusalem
2 Chronicles 24:23,24

Verse 18
And Jehoash king of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, and Jehoram, and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and in the king's house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem.
took all the hallowed
He dearly bought, by such unhallowed means, a peace which was of short duration; for the next year Hazael returned, and Jehoash having no more treasures, was obliged to hazard a battle, which he lost, and the principal part of his nobility, so that Judah was totally ruined, and Jehoash soon after slain in his bed by his own servants.
18:15,16; 1 Kings 15:18; 2 Chronicles 16:2
went away
Heb. went up.

Verse 19
And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
the rest
8:23; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19,29

Verse 20
And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.
his servants
14:5; 2 Chronicles 24:24,25; 25:27; 33:24
the house of Millo
or, Beth-millo.
Judges 9:6; 2 Samuel 5:9; 1 Kings 11:27

Verse 21
For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.
Jozachar
This person is called Zabad in Chronicles, and Shimeath his mother is said to be an Ammonitess; and Jehozabad is said to be the son, not of Shomer, but of Shimrith, a Moabitess. Who the fathers of these two persons were we know not; they were probably foreigners and aliens. Some suppose that they belonged to the king's chamber, and therefore could have easy access to him.
2 Chronicles 24:26
Zabad
Shomer.
2 Chronicles 24:26
Shimrith
Amaziah his son.
2 Chronicles 24:27

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-12.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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