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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Kings 20



1Hezekiah, having received a message of death, by prayer has his life lengthened.
8The sun goes ten degrees backward for a sign of that promise.
12Berodach-baladan sending to visit Hezekiah, because of the wonder, has notice of his treasures.
14Isaiah understanding thereof, foretells the Babylonian captivity.
20Manasseh succeeds Hezekiah.

Verse 1
In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz came to him, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Set thine house in order; for thou shalt die, and not live.
A. M. 3291. B.C. 713. was Hezekiah
2 Chronicles 32:24-26; Isaiah 38:1-20; John 11:1-5; Philippians 2:27,30
the prophet
Set thine house in order
Heb. Give charge concerning thine house.
2 Samuel 17:23; Isaiah 38:1; *margins
thou shalt die
Jeremiah 18:7-10; Jonah 3:4-10

Verse 2
Then he turned his face to the wall, and prayed unto the LORD, saying,
he turned
1 Kings 8:30; Psalms 50:15; Isaiah 38:2,3; Matthew 6:6

Verse 3
I beseech thee, O LORD, remember now how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.
Genesis 8:1; Nehemiah 5:19; 13:14,22,31; Psalms 25:7; 89:47,50; 119:49; Isaiah 63:11
I have walked
18:3-6; Genesis 5:22,24; 17:1; 1 Kings 2:4; 3:6; Job 1:1,8; Luke 1:6
in truth
2 Chronicles 31:20,21; Psalms 32:2; 145:18; Jeremiah 4:2; John 1:47; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 1 John 3:21,22
a perfect heart
1 Kings 8:61; 11:4; 15:14; 2 Chronicles 16:9
wept sore
Heb. wept with a great weeping.
2 Samuel 12:21,22; Psalms 6:6; 102:9; Isaiah 38:14; Hebrews 5:7

Verse 4
And it came to pass, afore Isaiah was gone out into the middle court, that the word of the LORD came to him, saying,
or, city.
22:14; 1 Kings 7:8

Verse 5
Turn again, and tell Hezekiah the captain of my people, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee: on the third day thou shalt go up unto the house of the LORD.
Turn again
2 Samuel 7:3-5; 1 Chronicles 17:2-4
the captain
Joshua 5:14,15; 1 Samuel 9:16; 10:1; 2 Samuel 5:2; 2 Chronicles 13:12; Hebrews 2:10
the God
2 Chronicles 34:3; Isaiah 38:5; 55:3; Matthew 22:32
I have heard
19:20; Psalms 65:2; 66:19,20; Luke 1:13
I have seen
Psalms 39:12; 56:8; 126:5; Revelation 7:17
I will heal
7; Exodus 15:26; Deuteronomy 32:39; Job 33:19-26; Psalms 147:3; James 5:14,15
thou shalt go
8; Psalms 66:13-15,19,20; 116:12-14; 118:17-19; Isaiah 38:22; John 5:14

Verse 6
And I will add unto thy days fifteen years; and I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
I will add
Psalms 116:15; Acts 27:24
I will defend
19:34; 2 Chronicles 32:22; Isaiah 10:24

Verse 7
And Isaiah said, Take a lump of figs. And they took and laid it on the boil, and he recovered.
Take a lump
2:20-22; 4:41; Isaiah 38:21
the boil
The word shechin, from the Arabic sachana, to be hot, signifies an inflammatory tumour, or burning boil; and some think that Hezekiah's malady was a pleurisy; others, that it was the plague; and others, the elephantiasis, a species of leprosy, as one of the Hexapla versions renders in Job 2:7. A poultice of figs might be very proper to maturate a boil, or dismiss any obstinate inflammatory swelling; but we need not discuss its propriety in this case, because it was as much the means which God chose to bless for his recovery, as the clay which Christ moistened to anoint the eyes of the blind man; for in both cases, without Divine interposition the cure could not have been effected.

Verse 8
And Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What shall be the sign that the LORD will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the LORD the third day?
What shall be
5; 19:29; Judges 6:17,37-40; Isaiah 7:11,14; 38:22; Hosea 6:2

Verse 9
And Isaiah said, This sign shalt thou have of the LORD, that the LORD will do the thing that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees?
This sign
Isaiah 38:7,8; Matthew 16:1-4; Mark 8:11,12; Luke 11:29,30

Verse 10
And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees: nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees.
2:10; 3:18; Isaiah 49:6; Mark 9:28,29; John 14:12

Verse 11
And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the LORD: and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz.
cried unto
Exodus 14:15; 1 Kings 17:20,21; 18:36-38; Acts 9:40
he brought
Joshua 10:12-14; 2 Chronicles 32:24,31; Isaiah 38:8
Heb. degrees.

Verse 12
At that time Berodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present unto Hezekiah: for he had heard that Hezekiah had been sick.
A. M. 3292. B.C. 712. Berodach-baladan
Isaiah 39:1-8
2 Chronicles 32:31
Genesis 10:10; 11:9; Isaiah 13:1,19; 14:4
sent letters
2 Samuel 8:10; 10:2
for he had heard
Isaiah 39:1

Verse 13
And Hezekiah hearkened unto them, and shewed them all the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed them not.
2 Chronicles 32:27; Isaiah 39:2
precious things
or, spicery.
1 Kings 10:2,10,15,25
or, jewels. Heb. vessels. there was nothing.
2 Chronicles 32:25,26; Proverbs 23:5; Ecclesiastes 7:20

Verse 14
Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country, even from Babylon.
came Isaiah
Isaiah 39:3-8
What said
5:25,26; 2 Samuel 12:7-15; 2 Chronicles 16:7-10; 25:7-9,15,16; Psalms 141:5; Proverbs 25:12; Jeremiah 26:18,19; Amos 7:12,13; Mark 6:18,19
a far country
Deuteronomy 28:49; Joshua 9:6,9; Isaiah 13:5

Verse 15
And he said, What have they seen in thine house? And Hezekiah answered, All the things that are in mine house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shewed them.
All the things
13; Joshua 7:19; Job 31:33; Proverbs 28:13; 1 John 1:8-10

Verse 16
And Isaiah said unto Hezekiah, Hear the word of the LORD.
7:1; 1 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 1:10; Amos 7:16

Verse 17
Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store unto this day, shall be carried into Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the LORD.
shall be carried
24:13; 25:13-15; Leviticus 26:19; 2 Chronicles 36:10,18; Jeremiah 27:21,22; 52:17-19

Verse 18
And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.
thy sons
24:12; 25:6; 2 Chronicles 33:11
they shall be
"Fulfilled in Da. 1:3-7."

Verse 19
Then said Hezekiah unto Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which thou hast spoken. And he said, Is it not good, if peace and truth be in my days?
Leviticus 10:3; 1 Samuel 3:18; Job 1:21; Psalms 39:9; Lamentations 3:22,39
It is not good, etc
or, Shall there not be peace and truth, etc. peace and truth.
Esther 9:30; Jeremiah 33:6; Zechariah 8:19; Luke 2:10,14

Verse 20
And the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and all his might, and how he made a pool, and a conduit, and brought water into the city, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
he made a pool
2 Chronicles 32:4,30,32; Nehemiah 3:16; Isaiah 22:9-11
the book
8:23; 15:6,26; 16:19; 1 Kings 14:19; 15:7,23

Verse 21
And Hezekiah slept with his fathers: and Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3306. B.C. 698. slept
21:18; 1 Kings 2:10; 11:43; 14:31; 2 Chronicles 26:23; 32:33


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 20:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 2nd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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