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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Kings 22

 

 

Introduction
1Josiah's good reign.
3He takes care for the repair of the temple.
8Hilkiah having found a book of the law, Josiah sends to Huldah to enquire of the Lord.
15Huldah prophesies the destruction of Jerusalem, but respite thereof in Josiah's time.

Verse 1
Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath.
A. M. 3363-3394. B.C. 641-610. Josiah. This prince was one of the best, if not the best, of all the Jewish kings since the time of David. He began well, continued well, and ended well
1 Kings 13:2; 2 Chronicles 34:1,2-33; Jeremiah 1:2; Zephaniah 1:1; Matthew 1:10
Josias
eight years old
11:21; 21:1; Psalms 8:2; Ecclesiastes 10:16; Isaiah 3:4
Boscath
This was a city in the plain country of the tribe of Judah; and is mentioned in the parallel passage along with Lachish and Eglon.
Joshua 15:39
Bozkath

Verse 2
And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in all the way of David his father, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left.
right
16:2; 18:3; 2 Chronicles 17:3; 29:2; Proverbs 20:11
walked
1 Kings 3:6; 11:38; 15:5
turned
Deuteronomy 5:32; Joshua 1:7; Proverbs 4:27; Ezekiel 18:14-17

Verse 3
And it came to pass in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam, the scribe, to the house of the LORD, saying,
A. M. 3380. B.C. 642. in the
2 Chronicles 34:3-8,9-33

Verse 4
Go up to Hilkiah the high priest, that he may sum the silver which is brought into the house of the LORD, which the keepers of the door have gathered of the people:
Hilkiah
1 Chronicles 6:13; 9:11; 2 Chronicles 34:9-18
that he may
Ten years seem to have elapsed since the people began to present the accustomed offerings; yet no one had taken an account of them, nor were they applied to the purpose for which they were given.
sum the silver
12:4,8-11; 2 Chronicles 24:8-12; Mark 12:41,42
the keepers
1 Chronicles 9:19; 26:13-19; 2 Chronicles 8:14; Nehemiah 11:19; Psalms 84:10
door
Heb. threshold.

Verse 5
And let them deliver it into the hand of the doers of the work, that have the oversight of the house of the LORD: and let them give it to the doers of the work which is in the house of the LORD, to repair the breaches of the house,
deliver
12:11-14
to repair
12:5; 2 Chronicles 24:7,12,13,27; Ezra 3:7

Verse 6

carpenters: or, artificers, Exodus 28:11, Exodus 35:35, Exodus 38:23

builders: 2 Kings 12:11; Genesis 4:17; 1 Kings 5:18, 1 Kings 6:12

masons: or, repairers of the wall, 2 Kings 12:12; Isaiah 58:12; Ezekiel href="/desk/?q=eze+22:30&sr=1">Ezekiel 22:30


Verse 7
Howbeit there was no reckoning made with them of the money that was delivered into their hand, because they dealt faithfully.
Howbeit
12:15; 2 Chronicles 24:14
they dealt faithfully
Exodus 36:5,6; Nehemiah 7:2; Proverbs 28:20; Luke 16:10-12; 1 Corinthians 4:2; 2 Corinthians 8:20,21; 2 Timothy 2:2; 3 John 1:5

Verse 8
And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it.
I have found
This certainly was a genuine copy of the divine law, and probably the autograph of Moses, as it is said, in the parallel place of Chronicles, to be the book of the law of the Lord by Moses. It is not probable that this was the only copy of the law in the land, or that Josiah had never before seen the book of Moses; but the fact seems to be, that this was the original of the covenant renewed by Moses in the plains of Moab, and now being unexpectedly found, its antiquity, the occasion of its being made, the present circumstances of the people, the imperfect state in which the reformation was as yet, after all that had been done, would all concur to produce the effect here mentioned on the mind of the pious Josiah.
Deuteronomy 31:24-26; 2 Chronicles 34:14,15-28

Verse 9
And Shaphan the scribe came to the king, and brought the king word again, and said, Thy servants have gathered the money that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the hand of them that do the work, that have the oversight of the house of the LORD.
Shaphan
3,12; 25:22; Jeremiah 26:24; 29:3; 36:10-12; 39:14; 40:11; 41:2; Ezekiel 8:11
the scribe
18:18
gathered
Heb. melted.

Verse 10
And Shaphan the scribe shewed the king, saying, Hilkiah the priest hath delivered me a book. And Shaphan read it before the king.
Shaphan
Deuteronomy 31:9-13; 2 Chronicles 34:18; Nehemiah 8:1-7,14,15,18; 13:1; Jeremiah 36:6,15,21
the king
Deuteronomy 17:18-20; Jeremiah 13:18; 22:1,2

Verse 11
And it came to pass, when the king had heard the words of the book of the law, that he rent his clothes.
that he rent
19; 2 Chronicles 34:19; Jeremiah 36:24; Joel 2:13; Jonah 3:6,7

Verse 12
And the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Michaiah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asahiah a servant of the king's, saying,
the king
19:2,3; 2 Chronicles 34:19-21; Isaiah 37:1-4
Ahikam
9; Jeremiah 26:22,24
Achbor
2 Chronicles 34:20
Abdon
Michaiah. or, Micah.

Verse 13
Go ye, enquire of the LORD for me, and for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that is found: for great is the wrath of the LORD that is kindled against us, because our fathers have not hearkened unto the words of this book, to do according unto all that which is written concerning us.
enquire
3:11; 1 Kings 22:7,8; 1 Chronicles 10:13,14; Psalms 25:14; Proverbs 3:6; Jeremiah 21:1,2; 37:17; Ezekiel 14:3,4; 20:1-3; Amos 3:7
great
Exodus 20:5; Deuteronomy 4:23-27; 29:23-28; 31:17,18; Nehemiah 8:8,9; 9:3; Psalms 76:7; Daniel 9:5-7; Nahum 1:6; Romans 3:20; 4:15; 7:9; Revelation 6:17
because our fathers
2 Chronicles 29:6; 34:21; Psalms 106:6; Jeremiah 16:12; 44:17; Lamentations 5:7; Daniel 9:8,10; James 1:22-25

Verse 14
So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college;) and they communed with her.
prophetess
Exodus 15:20; Judges 4:4; Micah 6:4; Luke 1:41-56; 2:36; Acts 21:9; 1 Corinthians 11:5
Tikvah
2 Chronicles 34:22
Tikvath, Hasrah
wardrobe. Heb. garments.
10:22; Nehemiah 7:72
college
or, second part.

Verse 15
And she said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Tell the man that sent you to me,
1:6,16; Jeremiah 23:28

Verse 16
Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, and upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the words of the book which the king of Judah hath read:
Behold
20:17; 21:12,13; 2 Chronicles 34:24,25
all the words
25:1-4; Leviticus 26:15-46; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; 29:18-23; 30:17,18; 31:16-18; Deuteronomy 32:15-26; Joshua 23:13,15; Daniel 9:11-14

Verse 17
Because they have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, that they might provoke me to anger with all the works of their hands; therefore my wrath shall be kindled against this place, and shall not be quenched.
have foresaken
Exodus 32:34; Deuteronomy 29:24-28; 32:15-19; Judges 2:12-14; 3:7,8; 10:6,7,10-14; 1 Kings 9:6-9; Nehemiah 9:26,27; Psalms 106:35-42; Jeremiah 2:11-13,27,28
the works
Psalms 115:4-8; Isaiah 2:8,9; 44:17-20; 46:5-8; Micah 5:13
therefore
1 Thessalonians 2:16
shall not be
Deuteronomy 32:22; 2 Chronicles 36:16; Isaiah 33:14; Jeremiah 7:20; 17:27; Ezekiel 20:47,48; Zephaniah 1:18

Verse 18
But to the king of Judah which sent you to enquire of the LORD, thus shall ye say to him, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, As touching the words which thou hast heard;
the king
2 Chronicles 34:26-28
thus shall ye
Isaiah 3:10; Malachi 3:16,17

Verse 19
Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the LORD, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard thee, saith the LORD.
thine heart
1 Samuel 24:5; Psalms 51:17; 119:120; Isaiah 46:12; 57:15; 66:2,5; Jeremiah 36:24; Jeremiah 36:29-32; Ezekiel 9:4; Romans 2:4,5; James 4:6-10
humbled
Exodus 10:3; Leviticus 26:40,41; 1 Kings 21:29; 2 Chronicles 33:12,19,23; Micah 6:8; 1 Peter 5:5,6
a desolation
Leviticus 26:31,32; Deuteronomy 29:23; Jeremiah 26:6; 44:22
hast rent
wept
Numbers 25:6; Judges 2:4,5; 20:26; Ezra 9:3,4; 10:1; Nehemiah 1:4; 8:9; Psalms 119:136; Jeremiah 9:1; 13:17; 14:17; Luke 19:41; Romans 9:2,3
I also have
19:20; 20:5

Verse 20
Behold therefore, I will gather thee unto thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered into thy grave in peace; and thine eyes shall not see all the evil which I will bring upon this place. And they brought the king word again.
I will gather
Genesis 25:8; Deuteronomy 31:16; 1 Chronicles 17:11; 2 Chronicles 34:28
thou shalt
During thy life, none of these calamities shall fall upon thee nor thy people; no adversary shall be permitted to disturb the peace of Judea; and thou shalt at last "be gathered into thy grave in peace." Now, though it is stated that Pharaoh-Necho slew him at Megiddo, yet the Assyrians and the Jews were at peace; and though Josiah might feel it his duty to oppose the Egyptian king's going against his friend and ally, and that, in his endeavours to oppose him, he was mortally wounded at Megiddo, yet certainly he was not killed there, but was brought to Jerusalem, where he died in peace.
gathered
23:29,30; Psalms 37:37; Isaiah 57:1,2; Jeremiah 22:10,15,16

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-22.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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