corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.05.25
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Acts 10

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1Cornelius, a devout man, being commanded by an angel, sends for Peter,
11who by a vision is taught not to despise the Gentiles;
17and is commanded by the Spirit to go with the messenger to Caesarea.
25Cornelius shows the occasion of his sending for him.
34As he preaches Christ to Cornelius and his company,
44the Holy Ghost falls on them, and they are baptized.

Verse 1
There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band,
Cir
A.M. 4045. A.D. 41. in.
8:40; 21:8; 23:23,33; 25:1,13
a centurion
22:25; 27:1,31,43; Matthew 8:5-13; 27:54; Luke 7:2
Italian
The Italian band, or rather cohort, [speira (speiÛra)] (a regiment sometimes consisting of from 555 to 1,105 infantry), is not unknown to the Roman writers, (See Tacitus;) and Gruter gives an inscription in which it is mentioned, which was found in the Forum Sempronii, on a fine marble table.
27:1

Verse 2
A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway.
devout
7,22; 2:5; 8:2; 13:50; 16:14; 22:12; Luke 2:25
one
35; 9:31; 13:16,26; 1 Kings 8:43; 2 Chronicles 6:33; Job 1:1; Psalms 102:15; Ecclesiastes 7:18; Isaiah 59:19; Daniel 6:26; Revelation 15:4
with
7; 16:15; 18:8; Genesis 18:19; Joshua 24:15; Job 1:5; Psalms 101:6-8
which
4,22,31; 9:36; Psalms 41:1; Isaiah 58:7,8; Luke 7:4,5; Romans 15:26,27; 2 Corinthians 9:8-15
and prayed
9:11; Psalms 25:5,8,9; 55:17; 86:3; *marg:; Psalms 88:1; 119:2; Proverbs 2:3-5; Daniel 6:10,16,20; Matthew 7:7,8; Luke 18:1; Colossians 4:2; 1 Thessalonians 5:17; James 1:5

Verse 3
He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him, and saying unto him, Cornelius.
saw
Job 4:15,16; Daniel 9:20,21
about
30; 3:1; Matthew 27:46; Luke 23:44-46
an
5:19; 11:13; 12:7-11; 27:23; Luke 1:11; 2:10,11,13; Hebrews 1:4,14
Cornelius
9:4; Exodus 33:17; Isaiah 45:4

Verse 4
And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God.
he was
Daniel 10:11; Luke 1:12,29; 24:5
What
9:5,6; 22:10; 1 Samuel 3:10
thy
31; 2 Chronicles 6:33; 32:24; Psalms 141:2; Isaiah 43:26; Malachi 3:16; Luke 1:13; Philippians 4:6
thine
Isaiah 45:19; Philippians 4:18; Hebrews 6:10; 13:16

Verse 5
And now send men to Joppa, and call for one Simon, whose surname is Peter:
send
32; 9:38; 15:7; 16:9
whose
Mark 3:16; John 1:42

Verse 6
He lodgeth with one Simon a tanner, whose house is by the sea side: he shall tell thee what thou oughtest to do.
one
9:43
he shall
9:6; 11:13,14; John 7:17; Romans 10:14-17; Ephesians 4:8-12

Verse 7
And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout soldier of them that waited on him continually;
two
2; Genesis 24:1-10,52; Judges 7:10; 1 Samuel 14:6,7; 1 Timothy 6:2; Philemon 1:16
and a
1; Matthew 8:9,10; Luke 3:14

Verse 8
And when he had declared all these things unto them, he sent them to Joppa.
he sent
33; 26:19; Psalms 119:59,60; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Galatians 1:16

Verse 9
On the morrow, as they went on their journey, and drew nigh unto the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray about the sixth hour:
Peter
8; 11:5-10; 1 Samuel 9:25; Zephaniah 1:5; Matthew 6:6; Mark 1:35; 6:46; 1 Timothy 2:8
the sixth
6:4; Psalms 55:17; Daniel 6:10; Matthew 20:5; 27:45; Ephesians 6:18

Verse 10
And he became very hungry, and would have eaten: but while they made ready, he fell into a trance,
he became
Matthew 4:2; 12:1-3; 21:18
he fell
22:17; Numbers 24:4,16; Ezekiel 8:1-3; 11:24; 40:2; 2 Corinthians 12:2-4; Revelation 1:10; 4:2,3

Verse 11
And saw heaven opened, and a certain vessel descending unto him, as it had been a great sheet knit at the four corners, and let down to the earth:
saw
7:56; Ezekiel 1:1; Luke 3:21; John 1:51; Revelation 4:1; 11:19; 19:11
and a
Genesis 49:10; Isaiah 11:6-14; 19:23-25; 43:6; 56:8; Matthew 8:11; 13:47,48; John 11:52; 12:32; Romans 1:16; 3:29-31; 9:4; 15:9-12; 16:25,26; Galatians 2:15; 3:28; Ephesians 1:10; 3:6; Colossians 3:11
vessel
The word [skeuos (skeu=ov)] which corresponds to the Hebrew kelee, denotes every kind of vessel or utensil, any thing which may be considered as a receptacle; and is therefore applicable to a sheet [othone (o)qo/nh)] or any thing woven from flax, tied up at the four corners, which our word vessel is not.

Verse 12
Wherein were all manner of fourfooted beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air.
Genesis 7:8,9; Isaiah 11:6-9; 65:25; John 7:37; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11

Verse 13
And there came a voice to him, Rise, Peter; kill, and eat.
Rise
10; Jeremiah 35:2-5; John 4:31-34
kill
Or, sacrifice and eat, [thusia kai

Verse 14
But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean.
Not
Genesis 19:18; Exodus 10:11; Matthew 16:22; 25:9; Luke 1:60
for
Leviticus 11:1-17; 20:25; Deuteronomy 14:1-29; Ezekiel 4:14; 44:31

Verse 15
And the voice spake unto him again the second time, What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common.
What
28; 11:9; 15:9,20,29; Matthew 15:11; Revelation 14:14-17,20; 1 Corinthians 10:25; Galatians 2:12,13; 1 Timothy 4:3-5; Titus 1:15; Hebrews 9:9,10

Verse 16
This was done thrice: and the vessel was received up again into heaven.
thrice
Genesis 41:32; John 21:17; 2 Corinthians 13:1

Verse 17
Now while Peter doubted in himself what this vision which he had seen should mean, behold, the men which were sent from Cornelius had made enquiry for Simon's house, and stood before the gate,
while
19; 2:12; 5:24; 25:20; John 13:12; 1 Peter 1:11
the men
7-18; 9:43

Verse 18
And called, and asked whether Simon, which was surnamed Peter, were lodged there.
and asked
5,6; 11:11

Verse 19
While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee.
the Spirit
8:29; 11:12; 13:2; 16:6,7; 21:4; John 16:13; 1 Corinthians 12:11; 1 Timothy 4:1

Verse 20
Arise therefore, and get thee down, and go with them, doubting nothing: for I have sent them.
and get
8:26; 9:15; 15:7; Mark 16:15
for
9:17; 13:4; Isaiah 48:16; Zechariah 2:9-11

Verse 21
Then Peter went down to the men which were sent unto him from Cornelius; and said, Behold, I am he whom ye seek: what is the cause wherefore ye are come?
Behold
John 1:38,39; 18:4-8
what
29; Mark 10:51

Verse 22
And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee.
Cornelius
a just
24:15; Hosea 14:9; Habakkuk 2:4; Matthew 1:19; Mark 6:20; Luke 2:25; 23:50; Romans 1:17; Hebrews 10:38; 12:23
of good
6:3; 22:12; Luke 7:4,5; 1 Timothy 3:7; Hebrews 11:2; 3 John 1:12
and to
6,33; 11:14; John 5:24; 6:63,68; 13:20; 17:8,20; Romans 10:17,18; 2 Corinthians 5:18; 2 Peter 3:2

Verse 23
Then called he them in, and lodged them. And on the morrow Peter went away with them, and certain brethren from Joppa accompanied him.
and lodged
Genesis 19:2,3; 24:31,32; Judges 19:19-21; Hebrews 13:2; 1 Peter 4:9
on
29,33; Ecclesiastes 9:10
and certain
45; 9:38,42; 11:12; 2 Corinthians 8:21

Verse 24
And the morrow after they entered into Caesarea. And Cornelius waited for them, and had called together his kinsmen and near friends.
the morrow
Cesarea
This city, once an obscure fortress called Strato's Tower, was built and superbly decorated by Herod the Great and called Cæsarea, in honour of Augustus Cæsar, to whom he dedicated it in the 28th year of his reign. It was situated on the shore of the Mediterranean, between Joppa and Dora, with a haven, rendered by Herod the most convenient on the coast: according to Ibn Idris and Abulfeda, 30 miles from Jaffa or Joppa, 32 from Ramlay, and 36 from Acco or Ptolemais; and, according to Josephus, 600 stadia, or 75 miles from Jerusalem, though the real distance is probably not more than 62 miles. Nothing now remains of the former splendour of Cæsarea: the supposed sites of the ancient edifices are mere mounds of indefinable form; the waves wash the ruins of the mole, the tower, and the port; the whole of the surrounding country is a sandy desert; and not a creature except beasts of prey, resides within many miles of this silent desolation.
and had
Isaiah 2:3; Micah 4:2; Zechariah 3:10; 8:20-23; Matthew 9:9,10; Mark 5:19,20; Luke 5:29; John 1:41-49; 4:28,29; 1:1-3

Verse 25
And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him.
and fell
14:11-13; Daniel 2:30,46; Matthew 8:2; 14:33; Revelation 19:10; 22:8,9

Verse 26
But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.
Stand
14:14,15; Isaiah 42:8; 48:13; Matthew 4:10; 2 Thessalonians 2:3,4; Revelation 13:8; 19:10; 22:9

Verse 27
And as he talked with him, he went in, and found many that were come together.
and found
24; 14:27; John 4:35; 1 Corinthians 16:9; 2 Corinthians 2:12; Colossians 4:3

Verse 28
And he said unto them, Ye know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; but God hath shewed me that I should not call any man common or unclean.
that it
11:2,3; 22:21,22; John 4:9,27; 18:28; Galatians 2:12-14
but
15,34; 11:9; 15:8,9; Isaiah 65:5; Luke 18:11; Ephesians 3:6,7

Verse 29
Therefore came I unto you without gainsaying, as soon as I was sent for: I ask therefore for what intent ye have sent for me?
as soon
19,20; Psalms 119:60; 1 Peter 3:15
I ask

Verse 30
And Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; and at the ninth hour I prayed in my house, and, behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing,
Four
7-9,23,24
I was
3; Ezra 9:4,5; Nehemiah 9:1-3; Daniel 9:20,21
and, behold
1:10; Matthew 28:3; Mark 16:6; Luke 24:4

Verse 31
And said, Cornelius, thy prayer is heard, and thine alms are had in remembrance in the sight of God.
thy
Isaiah 38:5; Daniel 9:23; 10:12; Luke 1:13
are
4; Leviticus 2:2,9; 5:12; Philippians 4:18; Hebrews 6:10; Revelation 5:8; 8:3,4

Verse 32
Send therefore to Joppa, and call hither Simon, whose surname is Peter; he is lodged in the house of one Simon a tanner by the sea side: who, when he cometh, shall speak unto thee.
therefore

Verse 33
Immediately therefore I sent to thee; and thou hast well done that thou art come. Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded thee of God.
are we
17:11,12; 28:28; Deuteronomy 5:25-29; 2 Chronicles 30:12; Proverbs 1:5; 9:9,10; 18:15; 25:12; Matthew 18:4; 19:30; Mark 10:15; 1 Corinthians 3:18; Galatians 4:14; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; James 1:19,21; 1 Peter 2:1,2

Verse 34
Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons:
opened
8:35; Matthew 5:2; Ephesians 6:19,20
Of a
Deuteronomy 10:17; 16:19; 2 Chronicles 19:7; Job 34:19; Psalms 82:1,2; Matthew 22:16; Luke 20:21; Romans 2:11; Galatians 2:6; Ephesians 6:9; Colossians 3:11,25; James 2:4,9; 1 Peter 1:17

Verse 35
But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him.
in
15:9; Isaiah 56:3-8; Romans 2:13,25-29; 3:22,29,30; 10:12,13; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Galatians 3:28; Ephesians 2:13-18; 3:6-8; Philippians 3:3; Colossians 1:6,23-27; 3:11
feareth
2; 9:31; Job 28:28; Psalms 19:9; 85:9; 111:10; Proverbs 1:7; 2:5; 3:7; 16:6; Ecclesiastes 12:13; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 5:21; 1 John 2:29
is
Genesis 4:5-7; Hosea 8:13; Luke 1:28; *marg:; Ephesians 1:6; Hebrews 11:4-6

Verse 36
The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)
word
2:38,39; 3:25,26; 11:19; 13:46; Matthew 10:6; Luke 24:47
preaching
Psalms 72:1-3,7; 85:9,10; Isaiah 9:6; 32:15-17; 55:12; 57:19; Luke 2:10-14; 2 Corinthians 5:18-21; Ephesians 2:13-18; Colossians 1:20; Hebrews 7:2,3; 13:20
he is
2:36; 5:31; Psalms 2:6-8; 24:7-10; 45:6,11; 110:1,2; Isaiah 7:14; 45:21-25; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Daniel 7:13,14; Hosea 1:7; Micah 5:2; Malachi 3:1; Matthew 11:27; 22:44-46; Matthew 28:18; John 3:35,36; 5:23-29; Romans 10:11-13; 14:9; 1 Corinthians 15:27,47; Ephesians 1:20-23; 4:5-12; Philippians 2:11; Colossians 1:15-18; Hebrews 1:2,6-12; 1 Peter 3:22; Revelation 1:5,18; 17:14; 19:16

Verse 37
That word, I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached;
ye know
2:22; 26:26; 28:22
which
Luke 4:14; 23:5
after
1:22; 13:24,25; Matthew 3:1-3; 4:12-17; Mark 1:1-5,14,15; John 4:1-3

Verse 38
How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.
God
2:22; 4:27; Psalms 2:2,6; *marg:; Psalms 45:7; Isaiah 11:2; 42:1; 61:1-3; Matthew 12:28; Luke 3:22; 4:18; John 3:34; John 6:27; 10:36-38; Hebrews 1:9
who
2 Chronicles 17:9; Matthew 4:23-25; 9:35; 12:15; 15:21-31; Mark 1:38,39; 3:7-11; Mark 6:6,54-56; Luke 7:10-17,21-23; 9:56; 1 Peter 5:8
healing
Mark 5:13-15; 7:29,30; Luke 4:33-36; 9:42; Hebrews 2:14,15; 1 John 3:8
for
John 3:2; 10:32,38; 16:32

Verse 39
And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree:
we are
41; 1:8,22; 2:32; 3:15; 5:30-32; 13:31; Luke 1:2; 24:48; John 15:27
whom
2:23,24; 3:14,15; 4:10; 5:30; 7:52; 13:27-29; Galatians 3:13; 1 Peter 2:24

Verse 40
Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly;
13:30,31; 17:31; Matthew 28:1,2; Romans 1:4; 4:24,25; 6:4-11; 8:11; 14:9; 1 Corinthians 15:3,4,12-20; 2 Corinthians 4:14; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 1:21

Verse 41
Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before of God, even to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead.
Not
39; 1:2,3,22; 13:31; John 14:17,22; 20:1-21
witnesses
John 15:16
even
Luke 24:30,41-43; John 21:13

Verse 42
And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead.
he commanded
1:8; 4:19,20; 5:20,29-32; Matthew 28:19,20; Mark 16:15,16; Luke 24:47,48; John 21:21,22
that it
17:31; Matthew 25:31-46; John 5:22-29; Romans 14:9,10; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 2 Timothy 4:1,8; 1 Peter 4:5; Revelation 1:7; 20:11-15; 22:12

Verse 43
To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.
him
26:22; Isaiah 53:11; Jeremiah 31:34; Daniel 9:24; Micah 7:18; Zechariah 13:1; Malachi 4:2; Luke 24:25-27,44-46; John 1:45; 5:39,40; 1 Peter 1:11; Revelation 19:10
through
3:16; 4:10-12; John 20:31; Romans 5:1; 6:23; Hebrews 13:20
whosoever
13:38,39; 15:9; 26:18; Mark 16:16; John 3:14-17; 5:24; Romans 8:1,34; 10:11; Galatians 3:22; Ephesians 1:7; Colossians 1:14

Verse 44
While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word.
the Holy Ghost
2:2-4; 4:31; 8:15-17; 11:15; 19:6

Verse 45
And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost.
they
23; 11:3,15-18; Galatians 3:13,14
the Gentiles
Galatians 2:15; Ephesians 2:11; 3:5-8; Colossians 2:13,14

Verse 46
For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God. Then answered Peter,
speak
2:4,11; 19:6; 1 Corinthians 14:20-25

Verse 47
Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?
8:12,36; 11:15-17; 15:8,9; Genesis 17:24-26; Romans 4:11; 10:12

Verse 48
And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.
commanded
John 4:2; 1 Corinthians 1:13-17; Galatians 3:27
the name
2:38; 8:16
Then
16:15; John 4:40

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Acts 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/acts-10.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, May 25th, 2019
the Fifth Week after Easter
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology