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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Acts 16

 

 

Introduction
1Paul having circumcised Timothy,
7and being called by the Spirit from one country to another,
14converts Lydia,
16and casts out a spirit of divination;
19for which cause he and Silas are whipped and imprisoned.
25The prison doors are opened.
31The jailor is converted,
35and they are delivered.

Verse 1
Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father was a Greek:
to Derbe
14:6,21; 2 Timothy 3:11
named
17:14; 18:5; 19:22; 20:4,5; Romans 16:21; 1 Corinthians 4:17; Philippians 1:1; 2:19; Colossians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 3:2; 2 Thessalonians 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:2; Hebrews 13:23
which
2 Timothy 1:5; 3:15,16
but
14:1; Ezra 9:2; 1 Corinthians 7:14

Verse 2
Which was well reported of by the brethren that were at Lystra and Iconium.
was
6:3; 1 Timothy 3:7; 5:10,25; 2 Timothy 3:15; Hebrews 11:2
Iconium
14:21; 2 Timothy 3:11

Verse 3
Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.
would
15:37,40
and took
15:20; 1 Corinthians 7:19; 9:20; Galatians 2:3,8; 5:1-3,6

Verse 4
And as they went through the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, that were ordained of the apostles and elders which were at Jerusalem.
they delivered
15:6,28,29

Verse 5
And so were the churches established in the faith, and increased in number daily.
so
15:41; 2 Chronicles 20:20; Isaiah 7:9; Romans 16:25; 1 Corinthians 15:58; Galatians 5:1; Ephesians 4:13-16; Colossians 2:6; 1 Thessalonians 3:2,13; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; Hebrews 13:9,20,21; 1 Peter 5:10
increased
2:47; 4:4; 5:14; 6:7; 9:31; 11:21; 12:24; 13:48,49; 19:18-21

Verse 6
Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia,
Phrygia
2:10; 18:23
region
18:23; 1 Corinthians 16:1; Galatians 1:2; 3:1; 2 Timothy 4:10; 1 Peter 1:1
forbidden
7; 10:19; 11:12; 13:2-4; 20:28; 2 Chronicles 6:7-9; Isaiah 30:21; Amos 8:11,12; 1 Corinthians 12:11; Hebrews 11:8
Asia
19:10,26,27; 20:4,16; 2 Corinthians 1:8; 2 Timothy 1:15; 1 Peter 1:1; Revelation 1:4,11

Verse 7
After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not.
Bithynia
1 Peter 1:1

Verse 8
And they passing by Mysia came down to Troas.
Troas
11; 20:5; 2 Corinthians 2:12; 2 Timothy 4:13

Verse 9
And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and help us.
a vision
2:17,18; 9:10-12; 10:3,10-17,30; 11:5-12; 18:9,10; 22:17-21; 27:23,24; 2 Corinthians 12:1-4,7
Macedonia
18:5; 19:21; Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 7:5; 8:1; 9:2; 11:9; 1 Thessalonians 1:7,8; 4:10
Come
8:26-31; 9:38; 10:32,33; 11:13,14; Romans 10:14,15

Verse 10
And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them.
immediately
10:29; 26:13; Psalms 119:60; Proverbs 3:27,28; 2 Corinthians 2:12,13

Verse 12
And from thence to Philippi, which is the chief city of that part of Macedonia, and a colony: and we were in that city abiding certain days.
Philippi
20:6; Philippians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 2:2
the chief
or, the first. a colony.

Verse 13
And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither.
on
13:14,42; 17:2; 18:4; 20:7
sabbath
Gr. sabbath-day. where.
Luke 13:10
and we
6; 21:5; Matthew 5:1,2; 13:2; Luke 4:20,21; John 8:2
spake
Mark 16:15; Galatians 3:28; Colossians 1:23

Verse 14
And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard us: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.
Lydia
Thyatira
Revelation 1:11; 2:18-24
worshipped
8:27; 10:2; 18:7; John 12:20
whose
11:21; Psalms 110:3; Song of Solomon 5:4; Isaiah 50:5; Luke 24:45; John 6:44,45; Romans 9:16; 1 Corinthians 3:6,7; 2 Corinthians 3:14-16; 4:4-6; Ephesians 1:17,18; Philippians 2:13; James 1:16,17; Revelation 3:7,20

Verse 15
And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us.
when
33; 8:12,38; 11:14; 18:8; 1 Corinthians 1:13-16
If
Ephesians 1:1; Philippians 1:7; Philemon 1:17; 1 Peter 5:12; 3 John 1:5
come
Genesis 18:4,5; Judges 19:19,20; Matthew 10:41; Luke 9:4,5; 10:5-7; Romans 16:23; Galatians 6:10; Hebrews 13:2; 2 John 1:10; 3 John 1:8
And she
Genesis 19:3; 33:11; Judges 19:21; 1 Samuel 28:23; 2 Kings 4:8; Luke 14:23; 24:29; 2 Corinthians 5:14; 12:11; Hebrews 13:2

Verse 16
And it came to pass, as we went to prayer, a certain damsel possessed with a spirit of divination met us, which brought her masters much gain by soothsaying:
as
possessed
18; 8:9-11; Exodus 7:11,12; Deuteronomy 13:1-3; 18:9-11; 1 Samuel 28:7; 1 Chronicles 10:13; Isaiah 8:19; Galatians 5:20; 2 Timothy 3:8
divination
or, Python. which.
19:24; 1 Timothy 6:10; 2 Peter 2:3; Revelation 18:11-13

Verse 17
The same followed Paul and us, and cried, saying, These men are the servants of the most high God, which shew unto us the way of salvation.
These
19:13; Matthew 8:29; Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34,41
the servants
Daniel 3:26,28; 6:16,20; Jonah 1:9; 1 Peter 2:16
the most
Genesis 14:18-22; Psalms 57:2; 78:35; Daniel 4:2; 5:18,21; Micah 6:6; Mark 5:7; Luke 8:28
the way
30,31; 18:26; Matthew 7:13,14; 22:16; Mark 12:14; Luke 1:77,79; 20:21; John 14:6; Hebrews 10:19-22

Verse 18
And this did she many days. But Paul, being grieved, turned and said to the spirit, I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her. And he came out the same hour.
being
14:13-15; Mark 1:25,26,34
I command
3:6; 9:34; 19:12-17; Mark 9:25,26; 16:17; Luke 9:1; 10:17-19; Colossians 2:15

Verse 19
And when her masters saw that the hope of their gains was gone, they caught Paul and Silas, and drew them into the marketplace unto the rulers,
the hope
19:24-27; 1 Timothy 6:10
they
9:16; 14:5,19; 15:26; 18:12,13; 21:30; Matthew 10:16-18; 24:9; Mark 13:9; 2 Corinthians 6:5
market-place
or, court.

Verse 20
And brought them to the magistrates, saying, These men, being Jews, do exceedingly trouble our city,
being
18:2; 19:34; Ezra 4:12-15; Esther 3:8,9
do
17:6-8; 28:22; 1 Kings 18:17,18; Matthew 2:3; John 15:18-20; Romans 12:2; James 4:4

Verse 21
And teach customs, which are not lawful for us to receive, neither to observe, being Romans.
26:3; Jeremiah 10:3

Verse 22
And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded to beat them.
the multitude
17:5; 18:12; 19:28-41; 21:30,31; 22:22,23
the magistrates
37; 5:40; 22:24-26; Matthew 10:17; 27:26; 2 Corinthians 6:5; 11:23-25; 1 Thessalonians 2:2; Hebrews 11:36; 1 Peter 2:24

Verse 23
And when they had laid many stripes upon them, they cast them into prison, charging the jailor to keep them safely:
they cast
5:18; 8:3; 9:2; 12:4; Luke 21:12; Ephesians 3:1; 4:1; 2 Timothy 2:9; Philemon 1:9; Revelation 1:9; Revelation 2:10
to keep
5:23; 12:18; 1 Samuel 23:22,23; Matthew 26:48; 27:63-66

Verse 24
Who, having received such a charge, thrust them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the stocks.
the inner
1 Kings 22:27; Jeremiah 37:15,16; 38:26; Lamentations 3:53-55
and made
2 Chronicles 16:10; *Heb:; Job 13:27; 33:11; Psalms 105:18; Jeremiah 20:2; 29:26

Verse 25
And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them.
at midnight
Job 35:10; Psalms 22:2; 42:8; 77:6; 119:55,62; Isaiah 30:29
prayed
Psalms 50:15; 77:2; 91:15; Matthew 26:38,39; Luke 22:44; Hebrews 5:7; James 5:13
sang
5:41; Psalms 34:1; Matthew 5:10,11; Luke 6:22,23; Romans 5:3; 12:12; 2 Corinthians 4:8,9,16; 2 Corinthians 4:17; 6:10; Philippians 2:17; 4:4-7; Colossians 1:24; 3:15-17; 1 Thessalonians 5:16-18; James 1:2; 1 Peter 1:6-8; 4:14
and the
Ezra 3:12,13; Psalms 71:7; Zechariah 3:8

Verse 26
And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed.
suddenly
4:31; 5:19; 12:7,10; Matthew 28:2; Revelation 6:12; 11:13
and every
Psalms 79:11; 102:20; 146:7; Isaiah 42:7; 61:1; Zechariah 9:11,12

Verse 27
And the keeper of the prison awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the prison doors open, he drew out his sword, and would have killed himself, supposing that the prisoners had been fled.
the keeper
23,24
he drew
Judges 9:54; 1 Samuel 31:4,5; 2 Samuel 17:23; 1 Kings 16:18; Matthew 27:5

Verse 28
But Paul cried with a loud voice, saying, Do thyself no harm: for we are all here.
cried
Leviticus 19:18; Psalms 7:4; 35:14; Proverbs 24:11,12; Matthew 5:44; Luke 6:27,28; 10:32-37; Luke 22:51; 23:34; 1 Thessalonians 5:15
Do
Exodus 20:13; Proverbs 8:36; Ecclesiastes 7:17

Verse 29
Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas,
and came
9:5,6; 24:25; Psalms 99:1; 119:120; Isaiah 66:2,5; Jeremiah 5:22; 10:10; Daniel 6:26
and fell
Isaiah 60:14; Revelation 3:9

Verse 30
And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?
brought
24; Job 34:32; Isaiah 1:16,17; 58:6,9; Matthew 3:8; 5:7; James 2:13
Sirs
14:15
what
17; 2:37; 9:6; 22:10; Job 25:4; Luke 3:10; John 6:27-29

Verse 31
And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.
Believe
2:38,39; 4:12; 8:37; 11:13,14; 13:38,39; 15:11; Isaiah 45:22; Habakkuk 2:4; Mark 16:16; John 1:12; 3:15,16,36; 6:40,47; 7:37,38; 11:25,26; 20:31; Romans 5:1,2; 10:9,10; Galatians 3:22,26; Ephesians 2:7,8; 1 John 5:10-13
and thy
15,32; 2:39; 18:8; Genesis 17:7; 18:19; Jeremiah 32:39; Romans 11:16; Galatians 3:14

Verse 32
And they spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were in his house.
they
10:33-43; Mark 16:15; Ephesians 3:8; Colossians 1:27,28; 1 Thessalonians 2:8; 1 Timothy 1:13-16
to all
Romans 1:14,16

Verse 33
And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway.
washed
23; Proverbs 16:7; Isaiah 11:6-9; Matthew 25:35-40; Luke 10:33,34; Galatians 5:6,13
and was
15; Luke 19:9; 1 Corinthians 1:16

Verse 34
And when he had brought them into his house, he set meat before them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his house.
when
Luke 5:29; 19:6; Philippians 4:17; 1 Thessalonians 4:9,10; Philemon 1:7; James 2:14-17; 1 John 3:18
and rejoiced
27-29; 2:46; 8:39; Isaiah 12:1-3; 55:12; 57:17,18; 58:7-11; 61:10; Luke 15:22-25,32; Romans 5:2,11; 15:13; Galatians 5:22; Philippians 4:4; 1 Peter 1:6-8

Verse 35
And when it was day, the magistrates sent the serjeants, saying, Let those men go.
4:21; 5:40; Psalms 76:10; Jeremiah 5:22

Verse 36
And the keeper of the prison told this saying to Paul, The magistrates have sent to let you go: now therefore depart, and go in peace.
and go
15:33; Exodus 4:18; Judges 18:6; 1 Samuel 1:17; 20:42; 25:35; 29:7; 2 Kings 5:19; Mark 5:34; John 14:27

Verse 37
But Paul said unto them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast us into prison; and now do they thrust us out privily? nay verily; but let them come themselves and fetch us out.
They have
20-24; 22:25-28; Psalms 58:1,2; 82:1,2; 94:20; Proverbs 28:1
let
Daniel 3:25,26; 6:18,19; Matthew 10:16

Verse 38
And the serjeants told these words unto the magistrates: and they feared, when they heard that they were Romans.
and they
22:29; Matthew 14:5; 21:46

Verse 39
And they came and besought them, and brought them out, and desired them to depart out of the city.
came
Exodus 11:8; Isaiah 45:14; 49:23; 60:14; Micah 7:9,10; Revelation 3:9
and brought
Daniel 6:16,23
and desired
Matthew 8:34; Mark 5:17

Verse 40
And they went out of the prison, and entered into the house of Lydia: and when they had seen the brethren, they comforted them, and departed.
and entered
14; 4:23; 12:12-17
they comforted
14:22; 2 Corinthians 1:3-7; 4:8-12,16-18; 1 Thessalonians 3:2,3

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Acts 16:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/acts-16.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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