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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Daniel 8



1Daniel's vision of the ram and he goat.
13The two thousand three hundred days of the suspension of the daily sacrifice.
15Gabriel comforts Daniel, and interprets the vision.

Verse 1
In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.
A.M. 3451. B.C. 553. the third.
me Daniel
15; 7:15,28; 9:2; 10:2,7; 11:4

Verse 2
And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.
I saw in
3; 7:2,15; Numbers 12:6; Hebrews 1:1
Nehemiah 1:1; Esther 1:2; 2:8; 3:15; 7:6; 8:15; 9:11,15
Genesis 10:22; 14:1; Isaiah 21:2; Jeremiah 25:25; 49:34-39; Ezekiel 32:24

Verse 3
Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.
I lifted
10:5; Numbers 24:2; Joshua 5:13; 1 Chronicles 21:16; Zechariah 1:18; 2:1; 5:1,5,9; 6:1
a ram
The Medo-Persian empire, of which a ram was the ensign; and a ram's head with horns, one higher than the other, is still to be seen on the ruins of Persepolis.
20; 2:39; 7:5
Media was the more ancient kingdom; but Persia, after Cyrus, was the most considerable.
5:31; 6:28; Ezra 1:2; 4:5; Esther 1:3; Isaiah 13:17; 21:2; 44:28; Jeremiah 51:11
the other
Heb. the second.

Verse 4
I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
5:30; 7:5; 11:2; Isaiah 45:1-5; Jeremiah 50:1-51
8:7; Job 10:7; Psalms 7:2; 50:22; Micah 5:8
5:19; 11:3,16,36; Isaiah 10:13,14

Verse 5
And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.
an he-goat
21; 2:32,39; 7:6
touched not the ground
or, none touched him in the earth. a notable horn. Heb. an horn of sight. Alexander the Great.
8,21; 11:3

Verse 6
And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.
to the

Verse 7
And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
and there was no
Leviticus 26:37; Joshua 8:20
there was none

Verse 8
Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
Deuteronomy 31:20; Esther 9:4; Jeremiah 5:27; Ezekiel 16:7
4:31; 5:20; 2 Chronicles 26:16; Psalms 82:6,7; Ezekiel 28:9
the great
22; 7:6; 11:4
7:2; Matthew 24:31; Mark 13:27; Revelation 7:1

Verse 9
And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.
23,24; 7:8,20-26; 11:21,25-45
the pleasant
11:16,41,45; Psalms 48:2; 105:24; Jeremiah 3:19; Ezekiel 20:6,15; Zechariah 7:14

Verse 10
And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.
to the host
or, against the host.
24,25; 11:28,30,33-36; Isaiah 14:13; Revelation 12:4
and stamped
7; 7:7

Verse 11
Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.
he magnified
25; 5:23; 7:25; 11:36; 2 Kings 19:22,23; 2 Chronicles 32:15-22; Isaiah 37:23,29; Jeremiah 48:26,42; 2 Thessalonians 2:4; Revelation 13:5-7
or, against. the prince.
Joshua 5:14,15; Hebrews 2:10; Revelation 17:14; 19:13-16
by him
or, from him. the daily.
12; 11:31; 12:11; Exodus 29:38-42; Numbers 28:3; Ezekiel 46:14
and the place
9:26,27; Luke 21:5,6,24

Verse 12
And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.
an host was given him against the daily sacrifice
or, the host was given over for the transgression against the daily sacrifice.
11:31-35; Revelation 13:7
and it cast
Psalms 119:43,142; Isaiah 59:14; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12
and it practised
4; 11:28,36; 1 Samuel 23:9; Job 12:6; Jeremiah 12:1; Revelation 13:11-17

Verse 13
Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?
one saint
4:13; 7:16; 12:5,6; Deuteronomy 33:2; Zechariah 1:9-12,19; 2:3,4; 14:5; 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 1 Peter 1:12; Jude 1:14
that certain saint
or, the numberer of secrets, or, the wonderful numberer. Heb. Palmoni.
Judges 13:18; *marg:; Isaiah 9:6; Matthew 11:27; Luke 10:22; John 1:18
12:6; Psalms 74:9; 79:5; Isaiah 6:11; Revelation 6:10
the vision
and the
9:27; 11:31; 12:11; Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14; Luke 21:20
of desolation
or, making desolate. to be.
7:23; Isaiah 63:18; Luke 21:24; Hebrews 10:29; Revelation 11:2

Verse 14
And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
7:25; 12:7,11; Revelation 11:2,3; 12:14; 13:5
two thousand
That is, 2,300 years, which reckoned from the time Alexander invaded Asia, B.C. 334, will be A.D. 1966.
Heb. evening, morning.
26; Genesis 1:5
Isaiah 1:27; Romans 11:26,27; Revelation 11:15
Heb. justified.
Isaiah 45:25; Galatians 3:8

Verse 15
And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.
I Daniel
7:16-19; 12:8; Matthew 13:36; 24:15; Mark 4:12; 13:14; 1 Peter 1:10,11; Revelation 13:18
10:5,16; Joshua 5:14; Isaiah 9:6; Ezekiel 1:26-28; Matthew 24:30; Revelation 1:13

Verse 16
And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision.
I heard
10:11,12; Acts 9:7; 10:13; Revelation 1:12
2; 12:5-7
9:21; Luke 1:19,26
9:22; 10:14,21; 12:7; Zechariah 1:9; 2:4; Hebrews 1:14; Revelation 22:16

Verse 17
So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision.
I was
10:7,8,16; Genesis 17:3; Ezekiel 1:28; Matthew 17:8; Mark 9:4,5; Revelation 1:17; 19:9,10; Revelation 22:8
15; 9:23; 10:11
O son
Ezekiel 2:1; 6:2
19; 9:27; 11:35,36; 12:4,13; Habakkuk 2:3

Verse 18
Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.
I was
17,27; 10:8,9; Luke 9:32; 22:45
he touched
10:10,16,18; Genesis 15:12; Job 4:13; Ezekiel 2:2; Zechariah 4:1; Acts 26:6
set me upright
Heb. made me stand upon my standing.

Verse 19
And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.
I will
15-17; Revelation 1:1
the last
17,23; 9:26,27; 11:27,35,36; 12:7,8; Habakkuk 2:3; Revelation 10:7; 11:18; Revelation 15:1; 17:17

Verse 20
The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.
3; 11:1,2

Verse 21
And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.
the rough
5-7; 10:20
the great
8; 11:3

Verse 22
Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.
being broken
After Alexander's death, in the prime of life and in the height of his conquests, his brother and two sons were all murdered; and the kingdom was divided among four of his generals. 1. Seleucus, who had Syria and Babylon; 2. Lysimachus, who had Asia Minor; 3. Ptolemy, who had Egypt; and, 4. Cassander, who had Greece, etc.
3; 11:4

Verse 23
And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.
in the
10:14; Numbers 24:24; Ezekiel 38:8,16; 1 Timothy 4:1
Genesis 15:16; Matthew 23:32; 1 Thessalonians 2:16
Heb. accomplished. a king. The Roman empire, which reduced Judea to a province, burnt the city and temple, and scattered the Jews to the four winds of heaven.
9-12; 7:8,11,20,25; Deuteronomy 28:50
and understanding
25; 11:21,24; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11; Revelation 13:11-14; 19:20
shall stand

Verse 24
And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
Revelation 13:3-9; 17:12,13,17
shall prosper
12; 11:36
shall destroy
10,12; 7:25; 11:31-36; Revelation 13:10; 16:6; 17:6; 19:2
holy people
Heb. people of the holy ones.

Verse 25
And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.
23,24; 7:8; 11:21-25,32,33
11; 11:36,37; Jeremiah 48:26
or, prosperity.
11; 11:36; Revelation 17:14; 19:16
2:34,35,44,45; 7:26; 11:45; Job 34:20; Lamentations 4:6; Acts 12:23; Revelation 19:19-21

Verse 26
And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days.
the vision of
11-15; 10:1
12:4,9; Ezekiel 12:27; Revelation 10:4; 22:10
It is now 2,387 years since Daniel had this vision; and the utter desolation of the sanctuary had continued 1,764 years; and no doubt the end of 2,300 years is not far distant.
10:1,14; Isaiah 24:22; Hosea 3:3,4

Verse 27
And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it.
7; 7:28; 10:8,16; Habakkuk 3:16
and did
2; 2:48,49; 5:14; 6:2,3; 1 Samuel 3:15


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Daniel 8:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 24th, 2020
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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