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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Deuteronomy 24

 

 

Introduction
1Of divorce.
5A new married man goes not to war.
6Of pledges.
7Of man-stealers.
8Of leprosy.
10Of pledges.
14The hire is to be given.
16Of justice.
19Of charity.

Verse 1
When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.
hath taken
21:15; 22:13; Exodus 21:10
uncleanness
Heb. matter of nakedness. then let him.
3; Jeremiah 3:8; Matthew 5:31,32; 19:7-9; Mark 10:4-12
divorcement
Heb. cutting off.
Isaiah 50:1
send her
22:19,29; Malachi 2:16; Matthew 1:19; Luke 16:18; 1 Corinthians 7:11,12

Verse 2
And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another man's wife.
she may go
Leviticus 21:7,14; 22:13; Numbers 30:9; Ezekiel 44:22; Matthew 5:32; Mark 10:11; 1 Corinthians 7:15

Verse 4
Her former husband, which sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that is abomination before the LORD: and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.
Her former
Jeremiah 3:1
thou shalt
Leviticus 18:24-28; Joshua 22:17,18

Verse 5
When a man hath taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he hath taken.
a man
20:7; Genesis 2:24; Matthew 19:4-6; Mark 10:6-9; 1 Corinthians 7:10-15; Ephesians 5:28,29; Titus 2:4,5
neither, etc
Heb. not any thing shall pass upon him. cheer up.
Proverbs 5:18; Ecclesiastes 9:9; 1 Corinthians 7:29

Verse 6
No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.
shall take
Small hand-mills, which ground at one time only a sufficient quantity for a day's consumption; hence they were forbidden to take either of the stones to pledge, because if they did, they would be deprived of the means of preparing their necessary food, and the family be without bread. On this account they are called in the text, a man's life. The same reason holds good against receiving in pledge, or distraining for debt, any instrument of labour, by which men earn their livelihood.
Exodus 22:26,27; Revelation 18:22
life
20:19; Genesis 44:30; Luke 12:15

Verse 7
If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you.
found
Exodus 21:16; Ezekiel 27:13; 1 Timothy 1:10; Revelation 18:13
then that
Exodus 21:16; 22:1-4
and thou shalt
19:19

Verse 8
Take heed in the plague of leprosy, that thou observe diligently, and do according to all that the priests the Levites shall teach you: as I commanded them, so ye shall observe to do.
Leviticus 13:1-14; Matthew 8:4; Mark 1:44; Luke 5:14; 17:14

Verse 9
Remember what the LORD thy God did unto Miriam by the way, after that ye were come forth out of Egypt.
Remember
Luke 17:32; 1 Corinthians 10:6,11
Miriam
Numbers 5:2; 12:10-15; 2 Kings 7:3; 2 Chronicles 26:20,21

Verse 10
When thou dost lend thy brother any thing, thou shalt not go into his house to fetch his pledge.
When
15:8
lend thy brother any thing
Heb. lend the loan of any thing to thy brother.

Verse 12
And if the man be poor, thou shalt not sleep with his pledge:
17; Job 22:6; 24:3,9

Verse 13
In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the LORD thy God.
deliver
Exodus 22:26,27; Job 24:7,8; 29:11-13; 31:16-20; Ezekiel 18:7,12,16; 33:15; Amos 2:8; 2 Timothy 1:16-18
the sun
15; 2 Corinthians 9:13,14; Ephesians 4:26
in his own raiment
The raiment here referred to was most likely the same as the hyke of the Arabs, a long kind of blanket, resembling a Highland plaid, generally about six yards in length, and five or six feet broad; in which they often carry their provisions, as well as wrap themselves in, in the day, and sleep in at night, it being their only substitute for a bed. How necessary, then, it was to restore the hyke to a poor man before the going down of the sun, that he might have something to repose on, will sufficiently appear from these considerations.
shall be
6:25; 15:9,10; Genesis 15:6; Psalms 106:30,31; 112:9; Isaiah 58:8; Daniel 4:27; James 1:27; 2:13-23

Verse 14
Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates:
Leviticus 25:40-43; Job 24:10,11; 31:13-15; Proverbs 14:31; 22:16; Ezekiel 22:7; Amos 2:7; 4:1; 8:4; Malachi 3:5; Luke 10:7

Verse 15
At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.
At his
Leviticus 19:13; Proverbs 3:27,28; Jeremiah 22:13; Matthew 20:8; Mark 10:19; James 5:4
setteth his heart upon it
Heb. lifteth his soul unto it.
Psalms 24:4; 25:1; 86:4
lest he
15:9; Exodus 22:23,24; Job 31:38; 34:28; 35:9; Proverbs 22:22,23; 23:10,11; Isaiah 5:7; James 5:4

Verse 16
The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own sin.
2 Kings 14:5,6; 2 Chronicles 25:4; Jeremiah 31:29,30; Ezekiel 18:20

Verse 17
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:
pervert
16:19; 27:19; Exodus 22:21,22; 23:2,6,9; 1 Samuel 12:3,4; Job 22:8,9; Job 29:11-17; Psalms 82:1-5; 94:3-6,20,21; Proverbs 22:22,23; 31:5; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Isaiah 1:23; 3:15; 33:15; Jeremiah 5:28; 22:3; Ezekiel 22:7,29; Amos 5:7-12; Micah 2:1,2; 7:3; Zechariah 7:10; Malachi 3:5; Luke 3:14; James 2:6
nor take
Exodus 22:26,27

Verse 18
But thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee thence: therefore I command thee to do this thing.
22; 5:15; 15:15; 16:12

Verse 19
When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands.
When thou
Leviticus 19:9,10; 23:22; Ruth 2:16; Psalms 41:1
it shall be
20,21; 14:29; 26:13
may bless
15:10; Job 31:16-22; 42:12; Psalms 41:1-3; 112:9; Proverbs 11:24,25; 14:21; Proverbs 19:17; Isaiah 32:8; 58:7-11; Luke 6:35,38; 14:13,14; 2 Corinthians 9:6-8; 1 John 3:17-19

Verse 20
When thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow.
go over the boughs again
Heb. bough it after thee.

Verse 21
When thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow.
gatherest
19; Leviticus 19:9,10
afterward
Heb. after thee.

Verse 22
And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt: therefore I command thee to do this thing.
18; 5:14,15; 7:8; Isaiah 51:1; 2 Corinthians 8:8,9; Ephesians 5:1,2; 1 John 4:10,11

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/deuteronomy-24.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, May 27th, 2019
the Sixth Week after Easter
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