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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ecclesiastes 3

 

 

Introduction
1By the necessary change of times, vanity is added to human travail.
11There is an excellency in God's works.
16But as for man, God shall judge his works hereafter, though here he be like a beast.

Verse 1
To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:
every thing
17; 7:14; 8:5,6; 2 Kings 5:26; 2 Chronicles 33:12; Proverbs 15:23; Matthew 16:3
under
1:13; 2:3,17

Verse 2
A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;
time to be born
Heb. time to bear.
Genesis 17:21; 21:1,2; 1 Samuel 2:5; 1 Kings 13:2; 2 Kings 4:16; Psalms 113:9; Isaiah 54:1; Luke 1:13,20,36; John 16:21; Acts 7:17,20; Galatians 4:4
and a time
Genesis 47:29; Numbers 20:24-28; 27:12-14; Deuteronomy 3:23-26; 34:5; Job 7:1; 14:5,14; Isaiah 38:1,5; John 7:30; Hebrews 9:27
a time to plant
Psalms 52:5; Isaiah 5:2-5; Jeremiah 1:10; 18:7-10; 45:4; Matthew 13:28,29,41; 15:13

Verse 3
A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;
time to kill
Deuteronomy 32:39; 1 Samuel 2:6,25; Hosea 6:1,2
a time to heal
Numbers 26:6-9; Isaiah 38:5-20; Jeremiah 33:6; Luke 9:54-56; Acts 5:15,16
a time to break
Isaiah 5:5,6; 44:26; Jeremiah 31:28; 45:4; Ezekiel 13:14; Daniel 9:25-27; Zechariah 1:12

Verse 4
A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;
time to weep
Nehemiah 8:9-12; 9:1-38; Psalms 30:5; 126:1,2,5,6; Isaiah 22:12,13; Matthew 9:15; Matthew 11:17; John 16:20-22; Romans 12:15; 2 Corinthians 7:10; James 4:9
a time to laugh
Genesis 21:6; Luke 1:13,14,58; 6:21-25
to dance
Exodus 15:20; 2 Samuel 6:16

Verse 5
A time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together; a time to embrace, and a time to refrain from embracing;
to cast
Joshua 4:3-9; 10:27; 2 Samuel 18:17,18; 2 Kings 3:25
a time to embrace
Exodus 19:15; 1 Samuel 21:4,5; Song of Solomon 2:6,7; Joel 2:16; 1 Corinthians 7:5
refrain from
Heb. be far from.

Verse 6
A time to get, and a time to lose; a time to keep, and a time to cast away;
time to get
or, time to seek.
Genesis 30:30-43; 31:18; Exodus 12:35,36; Deuteronomy 8:17,18; 2 Kings 5:26; 8:9
an a time to lose
Matthew 16:25,26; 19:29; Mark 8:35-37; 10:28-30; Luke 9:24,25
and a time to cast
11:1; 2 Kings 7:15; Psalms 112:9; Isaiah 2:20; Jonah 1:5; Acts 27:19,38; Philippians 3:7,8; Hebrews 10:34,35

Verse 7
A time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;
time to rend
Genesis 37:29,34; 2 Samuel 1:11; 3:31; 1 Kings 21:27; 2 Kings 5:7; 6:30; Jeremiah 36:24; Joel 2:13; Acts 9:39
time to keep
Job 2:13; Psalms 39:2; Isaiah 36:21; Jeremiah 8:14; Lamentations 3:28; Amos 5:13; 8:3; Micah 7:5
and a time to speak
Genesis 44:18,34; 1 Samuel 19:4,5; 25:24-44; Esther 4:13,14; 7:4; Job 32:4-37; Proverbs 24:11,12; 31:8,9; Luke 19:37-40; Acts 4:20

Verse 8
A time to love, and a time to hate; a time of war, and a time of peace.
time to love
Ezekiel 16:8; Psalms 139:21; Ephesians 3:19; 5:25,28,29; Titus 2:4
a time to hate
2 Chronicles 19:2; Luke 14:26; Revelation 2:2
a time of war
Genesis 14:14-17; Joshua 8:1-29; 11:23; 2 Samuel 10:6-19; 1 Kings 5:4; 2 Chronicles 20:1-29,30

Verse 9
What profit hath he that worketh in that wherein he laboureth?
1:3; 2:11,22,23; 5:16; Proverbs 14:23; Matthew 16:26

Verse 10
I have seen the travail, which God hath given to the sons of men to be exercised in it.
1:13,14; 2:26; Genesis 3:19; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:8

Verse 11
He hath made every thing beautiful in his time: also he hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the end.
hath made
7:29; Genesis 1:31; Deuteronomy 32:4; Mark 7:37
also
Matthew 13:22; Romans 1:19,20,28
so
8:17; Job 11:7; 37:23; Psalms 104:24; Matthew 11:27; Romans 11:33

Verse 12
I know that there is no good in them, but for a man to rejoice, and to do good in his life.
but
22; 9:7-9; Deuteronomy 28:63; Psalms 37:3; Isaiah 64:5; Luke 11:41; Acts 20:35; Philippians 4:4-9; 1 Thessalonians 5:15,16; 1 Timothy 6:18

Verse 13
And also that every man should eat and drink, and enjoy the good of all his labour, it is the gift of God.
2:24; 5:18-20; 6:2; 9:7; Deuteronomy 28:30,31,47,48; Judges 6:3-6; Psalms 128:2; Isaiah 65:21-23

Verse 14
I know that, whatsoever God doeth, it shall be for ever: nothing can be put to it, nor any thing taken from it: and God doeth it, that men should fear before him.
whatsoever
Psalms 33:11; 119:90,91; Isaiah 46:10; Daniel 4:34,35; Acts 2:23; 4:28; Romans 11:36; Ephesians 3:11; Titus 1:2; James 1:17
nothing
Psalms 76:10; Proverbs 19:21; 21:30; 30:6; Isaiah 10:12-15; Daniel 8:8; 11:2-4; John 19:10,11,28-37; Acts 5:39
God doeth it
Psalms 64:9; Isaiah 59:18,19; Revelation 15:4

Verse 15
That which hath been is now; and that which is to be hath already been; and God requireth that which is past.
which hath
1:9,10
past
Heb. driven away.

Verse 16
And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness, that iniquity was there.
4:1; 5:8; 1 Kings 21:9-21; Psalms 58:1,2; 82:2-5; 94:21,22; Isaiah 59:14; Micah 2:2; 7:3; Zephaniah 3:3; Matthew 26:59; Acts 23:3; James 2:6

Verse 17
I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.
said
1:16; 2:1
God
12:14; Genesis 18:25; Psalms 98:9; Matthew 16:27; 25:31-46; John 5:22,26-29; Acts 17:31; Romans 2:5-9; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:6-10; Revelation 20:11-15
for
1; Jeremiah 29:10,11; Daniel 11:40; 12:4,9,11-13; Acts 1:7; 1 Thessalonians 5:1; 2 Peter 3:7,8; Revelation 11:2,3,18; 17:12-17; 20:2,7-9

Verse 18
I said in mine heart concerning the estate of the sons of men, that God might manifest them, and that they might see that they themselves are beasts.
concerning
Genesis 3:17-19; Job 14:1-4; 15:16; Psalms 49:14,19,20; 73:18,19; 90:5-12; Hebrews 9:27; 1 Peter 1:24
that God, etc
or, that they might clear God, and see, etc.
Job 40:8; Psalms 51:4; Romans 3:4; 9:23
and that
Psalms 73:22; 2 Peter 2:12

Verse 19
For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast: for all is vanity.
that which
2:16; Psalms 49:12,20; 92:6,7
as the
2 Samuel 14:14; Job 14:10-12; Psalms 104:29
for
2:20-23; Psalms 39:5,6; 89:47,48

Verse 20
All go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.
go
21; 6:6; 9:10; Genesis 25:8,17; Numbers 27:13; Job 7:9; 17:13; 30:24; Psalms 49:14
all are
Genesis 3:19; Job 10:9,10; 34:15; Psalms 104:29; Daniel 12:2

Verse 21
Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?
knoweth
12:7; Luke 16:22,23; John 14:3; Acts 1:25; 2 Corinthians 5:1,8; Philippians 1:23
of man that goeth upwards
Heb. of the sons of man that is ascending.

Verse 22
Wherefore I perceive that there is nothing better, than that a man should rejoice in his own works; for that is his portion: for who shall bring him to see what shall be after him?
nothing
11,12; 2:10,11,24; 5:18-20; 8:15; 9:7-9; 11:9; Deuteronomy 12:7,18; 26:10,11; Deuteronomy 28:47; Romans 12:11,12; Philippians 4:4,5
who
6:12; 8:7; 9:12; 10:14; Job 14:21; Daniel 12:9,10,13; Matthew 6:34

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ecclesiastes-3.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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