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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ecclesiastes 9

 

 

Introduction
1Like things happen to good and bad.
4There is a necessity of death unto men.
7Comfort is all their portion in this life.
11God's providence rules over all.
13Wisdom is better than strength.

Verse 1
For all this I considered in my heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, are in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love or hatred by all that is before them.
considered in my heart
Heb. gave, or set to my heart.
1:17; 7:25; 8:16; 12:9,10
that the
8:14; Deuteronomy 33:3; 1 Samuel 2:9; 2 Samuel 15:25,26; Job 5:8; Psalms 10:14; 31:5; Psalms 37:5,6; Proverbs 16:3; Isaiah 26:12; 49:1-4; Jeremiah 1:18,19; John 10:27-30; 1 Corinthians 3:5-15; 2 Timothy 1:12; 1 Peter 1:5
no man
7:15; Psalms 73:3,11-13; Malachi 3:15-18

Verse 2
All things come alike to all: there is one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath.
alike
2:14-16; Job 21:7-34; Psalms 73:3; Malachi 3:15
as is
2:26; 7:18; 8:12-14
feareth
Genesis 24:3,8,9; Joshua 2:17-20; 1 Samuel 14:26; Ezekiel 17:18,19; Zechariah 5:3,4; Malachi 3:5,18

Verse 3
This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead.
also
8:11; Genesis 6:5; 8:21; Job 15:16; Psalms 51:5; Jeremiah 17:9; Matthew 15:19,20; Mark 7:21-23; Romans 1:29-31; Titus 3:3
and madness
1:17; 7:25; Luke 6:11; 15:17; Acts 26:11,24; 2 Peter 2:16
after
12:7; Proverbs 14:32; Acts 12:23

Verse 4
For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope: for a living dog is better than a dead lion.
Job 14:7-12; 27:8; Isaiah 38:18; Lamentations 3:21,22; Luke 16:26-29

Verse 5
For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.
the living
7:2; Job 30:23; Hebrews 9:27
the dead
Job 14:21; Psalms 6:5; 88:10,11; Isaiah 63:16
for the
2:16; 8:10; Job 7:8-10; Psalms 109:15; Isaiah 26:14

Verse 6
Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any thing that is done under the sun.
their love
Exodus 1:8; Job 3:17,18; Psalms 146:3,4; Proverbs 10:28; Matthew 2:20
have they
2:18-23; 6:12

Verse 7
Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a merry heart; for God now accepteth thy works.
Go
Genesis 12:19; Mark 7:29; John 4:50
eat
2:24-26; 3:12,13; 5:18; 8:15; 10:19; Deuteronomy 12:7,12; 16:14,15; 1 Kings 8:66; 1 Chronicles 16:1-3; 29:21-23; 2 Chronicles 30:23-27; Nehemiah 8:10-12
for
Genesis 4:4,5; Exodus 24:8-11; Luke 11:41; Acts 10:35

Verse 8
Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment.
thy garments
2 Samuel 19:24; Esther 8:15; Revelation 3:4,5; 7:9,13,14; 16:15; 19:8,14
let thy head
Ruth 3:3; 2 Samuel 14:2; Daniel 10:3; Amos 6:6; Matthew 6:17; Luke 7:46

Verse 9
Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity: for that is thy portion in this life, and in thy labour which thou takest under the sun.
Live joyfully
Heb. See, or Enjoy life. with the wife.
Proverbs 5:18,19; 18:22; 19:14; Malachi 2:15
all the days of the life
6:12; Psalms 39:5; 144:4
for
2:10,24; 3:13,22; 5:18

Verse 10
Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.
thy hand
Numbers 13:30; 1 Chronicles 22:19; 28:20; 29:2,3; 2 Chronicles 31:20,21; Ezra 6:14,15; Nehemiah 2:12-20; 3:1-16; 4:2,6,9-13,17-23; 13:8-31; Psalms 71:15-18; Jeremiah 29:13; Matthew 6:33; John 4:34; Romans 12:11; 15:18-20; 1 Corinthians 9:24,26; 1 Corinthians 15:10; 16:10; Ephesians 5:16; Colossians 3:23; 2 Peter 1:12-15
for
5,6; 11:3; Job 14:7-12; Psalms 6:5; 88:10-12; Isaiah 38:18,19; John 9:4; Acts 20:25-31

Verse 11
I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.
returned
2:12; 4:1,4; Malachi 3:18
that the race
1 Samuel 17:50; 2 Samuel 2:18-23; 17:14,23; Psalms 33:16,17; 73:6,7; 147:10,11; Jeremiah 9:23; 46:6; Amos 2:14-16
but
2:14,15; 3:14,17; 7:13; 1 Samuel 2:3-10; Job 5:11-14; 34:29; Proverbs 21:30,31; Lamentations 3:37,38; Daniel 4:35; Ephesians 1:11

Verse 12
For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.
man
8:5-7,11; Luke 19:42-44; 2 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Peter 2:12
as the fishes
Proverbs 7:22,23; Habakkuk 1:14-17; 2 Timothy 2:26
the sons
Job 18:8-10; Psalms 11:6; 73:18-20; Proverbs 6:15; 29:6; Isaiah 30:13; Luke 12:20,39; 17:26-31; 21:34-36; 1 Thessalonians 5:3; 2 Peter 2:12

Verse 13
This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it seemed great unto me:
11; 6:1; 7:15; 8:16

Verse 14
There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it:
There was
2 Samuel 20:15-22; 2 Kings 6:24-33; 7:1-20

Verse 15
Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man.
yet
Genesis 40:23; Esther 6:2,3

Verse 16
Then said I, Wisdom is better than strength: nevertheless the poor man's wisdom is despised, and his words are not heard.
Wisdom
18; 7:19; Proverbs 21:22; 24:5
the poor
Proverbs 10:15; Mark 6:2,3; John 7:47-49; 9:24-34; 1 Corinthians 1:26-29; James 2:2-6

Verse 17
The words of wise men are heard in quiet more than the cry of him that ruleth among fools.
Genesis 41:33-40; 1 Samuel 7:3-6; Proverbs 28:23; Isaiah 42:2,4; James 1:20; 3:17,18

Verse 18
Wisdom is better than weapons of war: but one sinner destroyeth much good.
better
sinner
Joshua 7:1,5,11,12; 22:20; 1 Samuel 14:28,29,36-46; 2 Samuel 20:1,2; 2 Thessalonians 2:8-12; 2 Timothy 2:16-18; 3:8; 4:3,4; Titus 1:10,11; Hebrews 12:15,16

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 9:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ecclesiastes-9.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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