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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 15

 

 

Introduction
1The song of Moses, Miriam, and Israel on their deliverance.
22The people want water in the wilderness.
23The waters at Marah are bitter, they murmur, Moses prays, and sweetens the waters by God's direction.
27They encamp at Elim, where are twelve wells, and seventy palm trees.

Verse 1
Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake, saying, I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.
Then
Judges 5:1-31; 2 Samuel 22:1-51; Psalms 106:12; 107:8,15,21,22; Isaiah 12:1-6; Isaiah 51:10,11; Revelation 15:3
for
21; 14:17,18,27; 18:11; Colossians 2:15

Verse 2
The LORD is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father's God, and I will exalt him.
strength
Psalms 18:1,2; 27:1; 28:8; 59:17; 62:6,7; 118:14; Habakkuk 3:17-19; Philippians 4:13
song
Deuteronomy 10:21; Psalms 22:3; 109:1; 140:7; Revelation 15:3
my salvation
14:13; 2 Samuel 22:51; Psalms 68:20; Isaiah 12:2; 45:17; 49:6; Jeremiah 3:23; Luke 1:77; Luke 2:30; John 4:22; Acts 4:12; Revelation 19:1
my God
4:22; Genesis 17:7; Psalms 22:10; Jeremiah 31:33; 32:38; Zechariah 13:9
an habitation
40:34; Genesis 28:21,22; 2 Samuel 7:5; 1 Kings 8:13,27; Psalms 132:5; Isaiah 66:1; 2 Corinthians 5:19; Ephesians 2:22; Colossians 2:9
my father's God
3:15,16
exalt him
2 Samuel 22:47; Psalms 18:46; 30:1; 34:3; 99:5,9; 118:28; 145:1; Isaiah 25:1; John 5:23; Philippians 2:11; Revelation 5:9-14

Verse 3
The LORD is a man of war: the LORD is his name.
a man
Psalms 24:8; 45:3; Revelation 19:11-21
name
3:13,15; 6:3,6; Psalms 83:18; Isaiah 42:8

Verse 4
Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea.
14:13-28
chosen
14:7

Verse 5
The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone.
depths
14:28; Ezekiel 27:34; Jonah 2:2; Micah 7:19; Matthew 18:6
they
Nehemiah 9:11; Jeremiah 51:63,64; Revelation 18:21

Verse 6
Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy.
right hand
11; 1 Chronicles 29:11,12; Psalms 17:7; 44:3; 60:5; 74:11; 77:10; 89:8-13; Psalms 98:1; 118:15,16; Isaiah 51:9; 52:10; Matthew 6:13
dashed
Psalms 2:9; Isaiah 30:14; Jeremiah 13:14; Revelation 2:27

Verse 7
And in the greatness of thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee: thou sentest forth thy wrath, which consumed them as stubble.
the greatness
9:16; Deuteronomy 33:26; Psalms 68:33; 148:13; Isaiah 5:16; Jeremiah 10:6
them that
Isaiah 37:17,23,29,36,38; Micah 4:11; Nahum 1:9-12; Zechariah 2:8; 14:3,8; Acts 9:4
consumed
Psalms 59:13; 83:13; Isaiah 5:24; 47:14; Nahum 1:10; Malachi 4:1; Matthew 3:12

Verse 8
And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.
blast
14:21; 2 Samuel 22:16; Job 4:9; Isaiah 11:4; 37:7; 2 Thessalonians 2:8
the floods
14:22; Psalms 78:13; Habakkuk 3:10

Verse 9
The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.
I will pursue
Genesis 49:27; Judges 5:30; 1 Kings 19:2; 20:10; Isaiah 10:8-13; 36:20; 53:12; Habakkuk 3:14; Luke 11:22
destroy
or, repossess.
14:5,9

Verse 10
Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.
blow
14:21; Genesis 8:1; Psalms 74:13,14; 135:7; 147:18; Isaiah 11:15; Jeremiah 10:13; Amos 4:13; Matthew 8:27
the sea
14:28; Deuteronomy 11:4
they sank

Verse 11
Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?
like unto thee
Deuteronomy 3:24; 33:26; 1 Samuel 2:2; 2 Samuel 7:22; 1 Kings 8:23; Psalms 35:10; 77:19; 86:8; Psalms 89:6-8; Isaiah 40:18,25; Jeremiah 10:6,16; 49:19
gods
or, mighty ones. glorious.
Leviticus 19:2; Psalms 89:18; 145:17; Isaiah 6:3; 30:11; 57:15; 1 Peter 1:15,16; Revelation 4:8
fearful
Psalms 66:5; 77:14; 89:5,7; 90:11; 119:120; Isaiah 64:2,3; Jeremiah 10:7; Luke 12:5; Hebrews 12:28,29; Revelation 15:4; 19:1-6

Verse 12
Thou stretchedst out thy right hand, the earth swallowed them.
stretchedst

Verse 13
Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people which thou hast redeemed: thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habitation.
Thou
Genesis 19:16; Ephesians 2:4
led
Psalms 77:14,15,20; 78:52,53; 80:1; 106:9; Isaiah 63:12,13; Jeremiah 2:6
guided
1 Peter 1:5
holy
Psalms 78:54

Verse 14
The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina.
hear
Numbers 14:14; 22:5; Deuteronomy 2:4,5; Joshua 2:9,10; 9:24; Psalms 48:6
of Palestina
Isaiah 14:29,31

Verse 15
Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.
dukes
Genesis 36:40; Numbers 20:14-21; Deuteronomy 2:4; 1 Chronicles 1:51-54
Moab
Numbers 22:3-5; Habakkuk 3:7
all the
Joshua 2:11; 5:1
melt
Deuteronomy 20:8; Joshua 2:9; *marg:; Joshua 14:8; 1 Samuel 14:16; 2 Samuel 17:10; Psalms 68:2; Isaiah 13:7; 19:1; Ezekiel 21:7; Nahum 2:10

Verse 16
Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be as still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over, which thou hast purchased.
dread
Deuteronomy 2:25; 11:25; Joshua 2:9
still
11:7; 1 Samuel 2:9; 25:37
which thou
19:5,6; Deuteronomy 32:6,9; 2 Samuel 7:23; Psalms 74:2; Isaiah 43:1-3; 51:10; Jeremiah 31:11; Acts 20:28; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:9; 2 Peter 2:1

Verse 17
Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, in the place, O LORD, which thou hast made for thee to dwell in, in the Sanctuary, O Lord, which thy hands have established.
plant
Psalms 44:2; 78:54,55; 80:8; Isaiah 5:1-4; Jeremiah 2:21; 32:41
mountain
Psalms 78:54,68,69; Jeremiah 31:23

Verse 18
The LORD shall reign for ever and ever.
Psalms 10:16; 29:10; 146:10; Isaiah 57:15; Daniel 2:44; 4:3; 7:14,27; Matthew 6:13; Revelation 11:15-17

Verse 19
For the horse of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and the LORD brought again the waters of the sea upon them; but the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea.
horse
14:23; Proverbs 21:31
brought
14:28,29; Hebrews 11:29

Verse 20
And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
prophetess
Judges 4:4; 1 Samuel 10:5; 2 Kings 22:14; Luke 2:36; Acts 21:9; 1 Corinthians 11:5; 14:34
sister
2:4; Numbers 12:1; 20:1; 26:59; Micah 6:4
a timbrel
Toph, in Arabic called duff or diff, and in Spanish adduffa, is the tabret used in the East; being a thin, broad, wooden hoop, with parchment extended over one side of it, to which small pieces of brass, tin, etc., are attached, which make a jingling noise: it is held up with one hand and beaten upon with the other, and is precisely the same as the tambourine.
all the
Judges 11:34; 21:21; 1 Samuel 18:6; 2 Samuel 6:5,14,16; Psalms 68:11,25; 81:2; 149:3; Psalms 150:4

Verse 21
And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.
answered
1 Samuel 18:7; 2 Chronicles 5:13; Psalms 24:7-10; 134:1-3
Sing ye
1; Judges 5:3; Isaiah 5:1-30; Revelation 7:10-12; 5:9; 14:3; 15:3; 19:1-6

Verse 22
So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.
wilderness of Shur
This lay on the eastern shore of the Heroopolitic gulf of the Red Sea, and is still called the desert of Shur, according to Dr. Shaw.
Genesis 16:7; 25:18; 1 Samuel 15:7
three days
3:18

Verse 23
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.
Marah
Numbers 33:8
Marah
i.e., bitterness.
Ruth 1:20

Verse 24
And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?
14:11; 16:2,8,9; 17:3,4; Numbers 11:1-6; 14:1-4; 16:11,41; 17:10; Numbers 20:2-5; 21:5; 1 Corinthians 10:10; Philippians 2:14; Jude 1:16
What
17:3; Psalms 78:19,20; Matthew 6:25

Verse 25
And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them,
cried
14:10; 17:4; Psalms 50:15; 91:15; 99:6; Jeremiah 15:1
a tree
2 Kings 2:21; 4:41; 1 Corinthians 1:18
a statute
Joshua 24:21-25
proved
16:4; Deuteronomy 8:2,16; 13:3; Judges 2:22; 3:1,4; Psalms 66:10; 81:7; Proverbs 17:3; Jeremiah 9:7; 1 Peter 1:6,7

Verse 26
And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.
If thou
Leviticus 26:3,13; Deuteronomy 7:12,13,15; 28:1-15
and wilt
Deuteronomy 12:28; 13:18; 1 Kings 11:33,38; 2 Kings 22:2; Ezekiel 18:5
diseases
9:10,11; 12:29; Deuteronomy 7:15; 28:27,60
for I am
23:25; 2 Kings 20:5; Job 5:18; Psalms 41:3,4; 103:3; 147:3; Isaiah 57:18; Jeremiah 8:22; 33:6; Hosea 6:1; James 5:11-16

Verse 27
And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters.
Elim
This was on the northern skirts of the desert of Sin, and, according to Dr. Shaw, two leagues from Tor, and near 30 from Corondel, which he conjectures to be Marah, where there is a small rill, which is brackish. He found but nine of the wells, the other three being filled up with sand; but the 70 palm trees had increased into more than 2,000.
Numbers 33:9; Isaiah 12:3; Ezekiel 47:12; Revelation 7:17; 22:2

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 15:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-15.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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