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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ezekiel 29



1The judgment of Pharoh for his treachery to Israel.
8The desolation of Egypt.
13The restoration thereof after 40 years.
17Egypt the reward of Nebuchadnezzar.
21Israel shall be restored.

Verse 1
In the tenth year, in the tenth month, in the twelfth day of the month, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
A. M. 3415. B.C. 589
17; 1:2; 8:1; 20:1; 26:1; 40:1

Verse 2
Son of man, set thy face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him, and against all Egypt:
6:2; 20:46; 21:2; 25:2; 28:21,22
This was Pharaoh-hophra, or Apries, who, Herodotus informs us, agreeably to the character given him by the prophet, "proudly and wickedly boasted of having established his kingdom so securely, that it was not in the power of any God to dispossess him of it."
Jeremiah 44:30
against all
30:1-32; Isaiah 18:1-19; 20:1-6; Jeremiah 9:25,26; 25:18,19; Jeremiah 43:8-13; 46:2-16; Joel 3:19; Zechariah 14:18,19

Verse 3
Speak, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon that lieth in the midst of his rivers, which hath said, My river is mine own, and I have made it for myself.
I am
10; 28:22; Psalms 76:7; Jeremiah 44:30; Nahum 1:6
the great
32:2; Psalms 74:13,14; Isaiah 27:1; 51:9; Revelation 12:3,4,16,17; 13:2,4,11; Revelation 16:13; 20:2
My river
9; 28:2; Deuteronomy 8:17; Isaiah 10:13,14; Daniel 4:30,31

Verse 4
But I will put hooks in thy jaws, and I will cause the fish of thy rivers to stick unto thy scales, and I will bring thee up out of the midst of thy rivers, and all the fish of thy rivers shall stick unto thy scales.
I will put
38:4; 2 Kings 19:28; Job 41:1,2; Isaiah 37:29; Amos 4:2
the fish
Habakkuk 1:14,15

Verse 5
And I will leave thee thrown into the wilderness, thee and all the fish of thy rivers: thou shalt fall upon the open fields; thou shalt not be brought together, nor gathered: I have given thee for meat to the beasts of the field and to the fowls of the heaven.
I will leave
31:18; 32:4-6; 39:4-6,11-20; Psalms 110:5,6; Jeremiah 8:2; 16:4; 25:33
open fields
Heb. face of the field. I have.
1 Samuel 17:44; Psalms 74:14; Jeremiah 7:33; 34:20; Revelation 19:17,18

Verse 6
And all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know that I am the LORD, because they have been a staff of reed to the house of Israel.
28:22-24,26; Exodus 9:14; 14:18
a staff
2 Kings 18:21; Isaiah 20:5,6; 30:2-7; 31:1-3; 36:6; Jeremiah 2:36; Lamentations 4:17

Verse 7
When they took hold of thee by thy hand, thou didst break, and rend all their shoulder: and when they leaned upon thee, thou brakest, and madest all their loins to be at a stand.
they took
17:15-17; Jeremiah 37:5-11
thou didst
Psalms 118:8,9; 146:3,4; Proverbs 25:19; Jeremiah 17:5,6

Verse 8
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring a sword upon thee, and cut off man and beast out of thee.
I will
19,20; 14:17; 30:4,10; Jeremiah 46:13-26
25:13; 32:10-13; Genesis 6:7; Exodus 12:12; Jeremiah 7:20; 32:43

Verse 9
And the land of Egypt shall be desolate and waste; and they shall know that I am the LORD: because he hath said, The river is mine, and I have made it.
the land
10-12; 30:7,13-17; Jeremiah 43:10-13
3; Proverbs 16:18; 18:12; 29:23

Verse 10
Behold, therefore I am against thee, and against thy rivers, and I will make the land of Egypt utterly waste and desolate, from the tower of Syene even unto the border of Ethiopia.
I will
11; 30:12; Habakkuk 3:8
utterly waste
Heb. wastes of waste. from the tower of. from Migdol to.
30:6-9; Exodus 14:2; Jeremiah 44:1; 46:14
Heb. Seveneh. Now Essuan, situated at the southern extremity of Egypt, (as Migdol was at the northern,) on the confines of Ethiopia, near the tropic of Cancer, and about lat. 24 degrees N. long 32 degrees E.

Verse 11
No foot of man shall pass through it, nor foot of beast shall pass through it, neither shall it be inhabited forty years.
foot of man
30:10-13; 31:12; 32:13; 33:28; 36:28; Jeremiah 43:11,12
2 Chronicles 36:21; Isaiah 23:15,17; Jeremiah 25:11,12; 29:10; Daniel 9:2

Verse 12
And I will make the land of Egypt desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities among the cities that are laid waste shall be desolate forty years: and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.
desolate in
30:7; Jeremiah 25:15-19; 27:6-11
and I will scatter
We learn from Berosus that Nebuchadnezzar sent several captive Egyptians to Babylon; and from Megasthenes, that he transplanted others to Pontus; and it is probable, that at the dissolution of the Babylonian empire, about forty years after, Cyrus permitted them to return to their native country.
30:23; Jeremiah 46:19

Verse 13
Yet thus saith the Lord GOD; At the end of forty years will I gather the Egyptians from the people whither they were scattered:
At the
Isaiah 19:22; Jeremiah 46:26

Verse 14
And I will bring again the captivity of Egypt, and will cause them to return into the land of Pathros, into the land of their habitation; and they shall be there a base kingdom.
30:14; Genesis 10:14; 1 Chronicles 1:12
Isaiah 11:11; Jeremiah 44:1
or, birth. base. Heb. low.

Verse 15
It shall be the basest of the kingdoms; neither shall it exalt itself any more above the nations: for I will diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the nations.
the basest
17:6,14; 30:13; Zechariah 10:11
31:2; 32:2; Daniel 11:42,43; Nahum 3:8,9

Verse 16
And it shall be no more the confidence of the house of Israel, which bringeth their iniquity to remembrance, when they shall look after them: but they shall know that I am the Lord GOD.
the confidence
6,7; 17:15-17; Isaiah 20:5; 30:1-6; 31:1-3; 36:4-6; Jeremiah 2:18,19,36,37; Jeremiah 37:5-7; Lamentations 4:17; Hosea 5:13; 7:11; 12:1; 14:3
21:23; Numbers 5:15; 1 Kings 17:18; Psalms 25:7; 79:8; Isaiah 64:9; Jeremiah 14:10; Hosea 8:13; 9:9; Hebrews 10:3,17; Revelation 16:19
6,9,21; 28:22-24,26

Verse 17
And it came to pass in the seven and twentieth year, in the first month, in the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
A. M. 3432. B.C. 572
1; 1:2

Verse 18
Son of man, Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus: every head was made bald, and every shoulder was peeled: yet had he no wages, nor his army, for Tyrus, for the service that he had served against it:
26:7-12; Jeremiah 25:9; 27:6
a great
Nebuchadnezzar was thirteen years employed in the siege. During this long siege, the soldiers must have endured great hardships; their heads would become bald by constantly wearing their helmets; and their shoulders be peeled by carrying materials to and from the works.
St. Jerome asserts, on the authority of the Assyrian histories, that when the Tyrians saw their city must fall, they put their most valuable effects on board their ships, and fled with them to the islands, and their colonies, "so that, the city being taken, Nebuchadnezzar found nothing worthy of his labour."

Verse 19
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will give the land of Egypt unto Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall take her multitude, and take her spoil, and take her prey; and it shall be the wages for his army.
I will
8-10; 30:10-12; Jeremiah 43:10-13
take her spoil, and take her pray
Heb. spoil her spoil, and prey her prey.

Verse 20
I have given him the land of Egypt for his labour wherewith he served against it, because they wrought for me, saith the Lord GOD.
or, hire. served.
2 Kings 10:30; Isaiah 10:6,7; 45:1-3; Jeremiah 25:9

Verse 21
In that day will I cause the horn of the house of Israel to bud forth, and I will give thee the opening of the mouth in the midst of them; and they shall know that I am the LORD.
I cause
28:25,26; 1 Samuel 2:10; Psalms 92:10; 112:9; 132:17; 148:14; Isaiah 27:6; Jeremiah 23:5; Luke 1:69
the opening
3:26; 24:27; 33:22; Psalms 51:15; Amos 3:7,8; Luke 21:15; Colossians 4:3,4
they shall know


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 29:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 29th, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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