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ver. 2.0.18.11.21
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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ezra 2

 

 

Introduction
1The number that return of the people;
36of the priests;
40of the Levites;
43of the Nethinims;
55of Solomon's servants;
61of the priests who could not shew their pedigree.
64The whole number of them, with their substance.
68Their oblations.

Verse 1
Now these are the children of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city;
the children
5:8; 6:2; Nehemiah 7:6-73; Esther 1:1,3,8,11; 8:9; Acts 23:34
whom Nebuchadnezzar
2 Kings 24:14-16; 25:11; 2 Chronicles 36:1-23; Jeremiah 39:1-18; 52:1-34; Lamentations 1:3,5; Lamentations 4:22; Zephaniah 2:7

Verse 2
Which came with Zerubbabel: Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel:
Zerubbabel
1:11
Sheshbazzar
Nehemiah 7:7; Haggai 1:1,12,14; 2:2,4,21; Zechariah 4:6-10; Matthew 1:12,13
Zorobabel
Jeshua.
3:8,9; 4:3; 5:2; Haggai 1:12,14; 2:4; Zechariah 3:1,3,8,9
Joshua
Seraiah.
Nehemiah 7:7
Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mispereth, Nehum
Rehum.
4:8

Verse 3
The children of Parosh, two thousand an hundred seventy and two.
children
The word children, in this table, when prefixed to the name of a man, signifies the descendants of that person, as from ver. 3-21; and when prefixed to the name of a town, place, etc., it signifies the inhabitants of that place, as from ver. 21-25.
Parosh
8:3
Pharosh
10:25; Nehemiah 7:8

Verse 4
The children of Shephatiah, three hundred seventy and two.
Shephatiah
8:8; Nehemiah 7:9

Verse 5
The children of Arah, seven hundred seventy and five.
Arah
Nehemiah 6:18; 7:10
652

Verse 6
The children of Pahathmoab, of the children of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve.
Pahath-moab
8:4; 10:30; Nehemiah 7:11
2,818
10:14
Joab
8:9

Verse 7
The children of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
Elam
31; 8:7; 10:26; Nehemiah 7:12

Verse 8
The children of Zattu, nine hundred forty and five.
Zattu
10:27; Nehemiah 7:13
845

Verse 9
The children of Zaccai, seven hundred and threescore.
Zaccai
Nehemiah 7:14

Verse 10
The children of Bani, six hundred forty and two.
Bani
The variation of Bani, [Baniy (ynb)] and Binnui, [Binnuwy (ywnnb)] arises from the elision of, [Vâv] wav: but the LXX., have here [Banoui] as in the parallel place.
10:34; Nehemiah 7:15
Binnui
648.

Verse 11
The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty and three.
Bebai
8:11; 10:28; Nehemiah 7:16
628

Verse 12
The children of Azgad, a thousand two hundred twenty and two.
Azgad
8:12; Nehemiah 7:17
2,322

Verse 13
The children of Adonikam, six hundred sixty and six.
Adonikam
8:13; Nehemiah 7:18
667

Verse 14
The children of Bigvai, two thousand fifty and six.
Bigvai
8:14; Nehemiah 7:19
2,067

Verse 15
The children of Adin, four hundred fifty and four.
Adin
8:6; Nehemiah 7:20
655

Verse 16
The children of Ater of Hezekiah, ninety and eight.
Ater
Nehemiah 7:21

Verse 17
The children of Bezai, three hundred twenty and three.
Bezai
Nehemiah 7:23
324

Verse 18
The children of Jorah, an hundred and twelve.
Jorah
Nehemiah 7:24
Hariph

Verse 19
The children of Hashum, two hundred twenty and three.
Hashum
10:33; Nehemiah 7:22
328

Verse 20
The children of Gibbar, ninety and five.
Gibbar
Nehemiah 7:25
Gibeon

Verse 21
The children of Bethlehem, an hundred twenty and three.
Beth-lehem
1 Chronicles 2:50-52

Verse 22
The men of Netophah, fifty and six.
Netophah
2 Samuel 23:28; 1 Chronicles 2:54; Nehemiah 7:26
188
Jeremiah 40:8

Verse 23
The men of Anathoth, an hundred twenty and eight.
Anathoth
Joshua 21:18; Nehemiah 7:27; Isaiah 10:30; Jeremiah 1:1; 11:21

Verse 24
The children of Azmaveth, forty and two.
Azmaveth
Nehemiah 7:28
Beth-azmaveth

Verse 25
The children of Kirjatharim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty and three.
Kirjath-arim
Joshua 9:17; Nehemiah 7:29
Kirjath-jearim

Verse 26
The children of Ramah and Gaba, six hundred twenty and one.
Ramah
Joshua 18:24,25; Nehemiah 7:30

Verse 27
The men of Michmas, an hundred twenty and two.
Michmas
1 Samuel 13:5,23; Isaiah 10:28
Michmash
Nehemiah 7:31

Verse 28
The men of Bethel and Ai, two hundred twenty and three.
Ai
Genesis 12:8
Hai
Joshua 7:2; 8:9,17; Nehemiah 7:33
133

Verse 29
The children of Nebo, fifty and two.
Nebo
This Nebo was probably the Nabau which Eusebius and Jerome place eight miles south from Hebron.
Numbers 32:3; Deuteronomy 32:49; Nehemiah 7:33; Isaiah 15:2; Jeremiah 48:1,22

Verse 30
The children of Magbish, an hundred fifty and six.
Magbish
i.e., congregating; crystallizing.

Verse 31
The children of the other Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
Elam
7; Nehemiah 7:34

Verse 32
The children of Harim, three hundred and twenty.
Harim
10:31; Nehemiah 7:35

Verse 33
The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and five.
Lod
1 Chronicles 8:12; Nehemiah 6:2; 7:37; 11:34,35
Hadid
or, Harid, as it is in some copies. Hadid is probably the Adida of Josephus, and the Maccabees, (1 Mac 12:38; 13:13,) a city situated on a hill in the plain country of Judah, and the Aditha of Eusebius, which he places near Diospolis, Lydda, or Lod.

Verse 34
The children of Jericho, three hundred forty and five.
Jericho
1 Kings 16:34; Nehemiah 7:36

Verse 35
The children of Senaah, three thousand and six hundred and thirty.
Senaah
Nehemiah 7:38
3,930

Verse 36
The priests: the children of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy and three.
Jedaiah
1 Chronicles 9:10; 24:7
Jeshua
3:9; Nehemiah 7:39

Verse 37
The children of Immer, a thousand fifty and two.
Immer
10:20; 1 Chronicles 24:14; Nehemiah 7:40

Verse 38
The children of Pashur, a thousand two hundred forty and seven.
Pashur
10:22; 1 Chronicles 9:12; Nehemiah 7:41

Verse 39
The children of Harim, a thousand and seventeen.
Harim
10:21; 1 Chronicles 24:8; Nehemiah 7:42

Verse 40
The Levites: the children of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the children of Hodaviah, seventy and four.
Hodaviah
3:9
Judah
Nehemiah 7:43
Hodevah

Verse 41
The singers: the children of Asaph, an hundred twenty and eight.
Asaph
1 Chronicles 6:39; 15:17; 25:1,2; Nehemiah 7:44; 11:17

Verse 42
The children of the porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, in all an hundred thirty and nine.
the porters
1 Chronicles 26:1-19; Nehemiah 7:45
138

Verse 43
The Nethinims: the children of Ziha, the children of Hasupha, the children of Tabbaoth,
Nethinims
58; 1 Chronicles 9:2; Nehemiah 7:46-56; 10:28
Hasupha
This variation only exists in the translation, the original being written here Husupha, and in the parallel place defectively, Hasupha.
Nehemiah 7:46
Hashupha

Verse 44
The children of Keros, the children of Siaha, the children of Padon,
Siaha
Sia, [Ciy`a' ()(ys)] is merely a contraction of, [Ciy`a' ()(ys)] Siaha, by the elision of, [Hê] hay.
Nehemiah 7:47
Sia

Verse 45
The children of Lebanah, the children of Hagabah, the children of Akkub,
Lebanah
These variations merely arise from the mutation of, [Hê] hay, into, ['Aleph] according to the Chaldee dialect; the original, being respectively [L@bana' ()nbl)] Lebanah, [L@bana' ()nbl)] and Lebana; [Chagaba' ()bgx)] Hagabah, and [Chagaba' ()bgx)] Hagaba.
Nehemiah 7:48
Lebana, Hagaba

Verse 46
The children of Hagab, the children of Shalmai, the children of Hanan,
Shalmai
or, Shamlai. Shamlai, of the Kethiv, is evidently a mistake for Shalmai, as the Keri and LXX. have.

Verse 49
The children of Uzza, the children of Paseah, the children of Besai,
Paseah
Nehemiah 7:51
Phaseah

Verse 50
The children of Asnah, the children of Mehunim, the children of Nephusim,
Mehunim
Nehemiah 7:52
Meunim, Nephishesim

Verse 52
The children of Bazluth, the children of Mehida, the children of Harsha,
Bazluth
Nehemiah 7:54
Bazlith

Verse 53
The children of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Thamah,
Thamah
Nehemiah 7:55
Tamah

Verse 55
The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda,
Solomon's
1 Kings 9:21
Peruda
Nehemiah 7:57
Perida

Verse 56
The children of Jaalah, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel,
Jaalah
Nehemiah 7:58
Jaala

Verse 57
The children of Shephatiah, the children of Hattil, the children of Pochereth of Zebaim, the children of Ami.
Pochereth
Nehemiah 7:59
Ami
Nehemiah 7:59
Amon

Verse 58
All the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon's servants, were three hundred ninety and two.
Nethinims
7:7; Joshua 9:21,23,27; 1 Chronicles 9:2; Nehemiah 3:26; 7:60
Solomon's
1 Kings 9:21

Verse 59
And these were they which went up from Telmelah, Telharsa, Cherub, Addan, and Immer: but they could not shew their father's house, and their seed, whether they were of Israel:
Tel-harsa
Nehemiah 7:61
Tel-haresha, Addon
seed. or, pedigree.

Verse 60
The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two.
of Delaiah
Nehemiah 7:62
642

Verse 61
And of the children of the priests: the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai; which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name:
the children
Nehemiah 7:63,64
Barzillai
2 Samuel 17:27; 19:31-39; 1 Kings 2:7

Verse 62
These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but they were not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.
therefore
Leviticus 21:21-23; Numbers 3:10; 16:40; 18:7
were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood
Heb. they were polluted from the priesthood.
Ezekiel 44:10-14

Verse 63
And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.
Tirshatha
or, governor. The person who held this office at this time was probably Zerubbabel. The word Tirshatha is supposed to be Persian; and if, as Castel supposes, it signifies austerity, or that fear which is impressed by the authority of a governor, it may be derived from tars, "ear," or tursh, "acid, austere."
Nehemiah 7:65; 8:9; 10:1
should not
Leviticus 2:3,10; 6:17,29; 7:16; 10:17,18; 22:2,3,10,14-16; Numbers 18:9-11,19; Numbers 18:32
Urim
Exodus 28:30; Leviticus 8:8; Numbers 27:21; Deuteronomy 33:8; 1 Samuel 28:6

Verse 64
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,
forty
Though the sum total, both here and in Nehemiah, is equal, namely, 42,360, yet the particulars reckoned up only make 29,818 in Ezra, and 31,089 in Nehemiah; and we find that Nehemiah mentions 1,765 persons who are not in Ezra, and Ezra has 494 not mentioned in Nehemiah. This last circumstance, which seems to render all hope of reconciling them impossible, Mr. Alting thinks is the very point by which they can be reconciled; for, if we add Ezra's surplus to the sum in Nehemiah, and Nehemiah's surplus to the number in Ezra, they will both amount to 31,583; which subtracted from 42,360, leaves a deficiency of 10,777, which are not named because they did not belong to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, or to the priests, but to the other Israelitish tribes.
9:8; Nehemiah 7:66-69; Isaiah 10:20-22; Jeremiah 23:3

Verse 65
Beside their servants and their maids, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven: and there were among them two hundred singing men and singing women.
servants
Isaiah 14:1,2
two hundred
Exodus 15:20,21; 2 Samuel 19:35; Nehemiah 7:67; Psalms 68:25; 148:12,13; Ecclesiastes 2:8; Jeremiah 9:17,18; Matthew 9:23

Verse 68
And some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the LORD which is at Jerusalem, offered freely for the house of God to set it up in his place:
offered freely
Exodus 35:5-19,29; 36:3; Numbers 7:3-89; 1 Chronicles 29:5-17; Nehemiah 7:70-73; Psalms 110:3; Luke 21:1-4; 2 Corinthians 8:3,12; 9:7
in his place
3:3; 1 Chronicles 21:18; 22:1; 2 Chronicles 3:1

Verse 69
They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the work threescore and one thousand drams of gold, and five thousand pound of silver, and one hundred priests' garments.
the treasure
8:25-34; 1 Kings 7:51; 1 Chronicles 22:14; 26:20-28; Nehemiah 7:71,72

Verse 70
So the priests, and the Levites, and some of the people, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinims, dwelt in their cities, and all Israel in their cities.
6:16,17; 1 Chronicles 11:2; Nehemiah 7:73; 11:3-36

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezra 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezra-2.html.


Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 21st, 2018
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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