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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ezra 9



1Ezra mourns for the affinity of the people with strangers.
5He prays unto God, with confession of sins.

Verse 1
Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying, The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, doing according to their abominations, even of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.
the princes
10:8; Jeremiah 26:10,16
have not separated
6:21,22; 10:10,11; Exodus 33:16; Numbers 23:9; Nehemiah 9:2; 13:3; Isaiah 52:11; 2 Corinthians 6:14-18
doing according
Leviticus 18:3,24-30; Deuteronomy 12:30,31; 18:9; 2 Chronicles 33:2; Psalms 106:35; Romans 2:17-25
of the Canaanites
Genesis 15:16,19-21; Exodus 23:23; Deuteronomy 20:17,18
Deuteronomy 23:3-5; 1 Kings 11:1,5-7; Nehemiah 4:3,7; 13:1-3
Numbers 25:1-3

Verse 2
For they have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of those lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass.
taken of their
10:18-44; Exodus 34:16; Deuteronomy 7:1-4; Nehemiah 13:23,24; Malachi 2:11
the holy seed
Exodus 19:6; 22:31; Deuteronomy 7:6; 14:2; Isaiah 6:13; Malachi 2:15; 1 Corinthians 7:14
Genesis 6:2; Nehemiah 13:3,23,24; 2 Corinthians 6:14
the hand
10:18-44; Nehemiah 13:4,17,28

Verse 3
And when I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the hair of my head and of my beard, and sat down astonied.
Joshua 7:6; 2 Kings 18:37; 19:1; Job 1:20; Jeremiah 36:24
Leviticus 21:5; Nehemiah 13:25; Isaiah 15:2; Jeremiah 7:29; 48:37,38; Ezekiel 7:18; Micah 1:16
Nehemiah 1:4; Job 2:12,13; Psalms 66:3; 143:4; Ezekiel 3:15; Daniel 4:19; 8:27

Verse 4
Then were assembled unto me every one that trembled at the words of the God of Israel, because of the transgression of those that had been carried away; and I sat astonied until the evening sacrifice.
10:3; 2 Chronicles 34:27; Psalms 119:136; Isaiah 66:2; Ezekiel 9:4
Exodus 29:39; Daniel 9:21; Acts 3:1

Verse 5
And at the evening sacrifice I arose up from my heaviness; and having rent my garment and my mantle, I fell upon my knees, and spread out my hands unto the LORD my God,
or, affliction. I fell.
2 Chronicles 6:13; Psalms 95:6; Luke 22:41; Acts 21:5; Ephesians 3:14
Exodus 9:29,33; 1 Kings 8:22,38,54; Psalms 141:2; 143:6; Isaiah 1:15

Verse 6
And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens.
I am ashamed
Job 40:4; 42:6; Jeremiah 3:3,24,25; 6:15; 8:12; 31:19; Ezekiel 16:63; Daniel 9:7,8; Romans 6:21
our iniquities
Genesis 13:13; Psalms 38:4; Isaiah 1:18; 59:12
or, guiltiness. grown up.
2 Chronicles 28:9; Luke 15:21; Revelation 18:5

Verse 7
Since the days of our fathers have we been in a great trespass unto this day; and for our iniquities have we, our kings, and our priests, been delivered into the hand of the kings of the lands, to the sword, to captivity, and to a spoil, and to confusion of face, as it is this day.
Since the days
Numbers 32:14; 2 Chronicles 29:6; 30:7; Nehemiah 9:32-34; Psalms 106:6,7; Lamentations 5:7; Daniel 9:5-8; Zechariah 1:4,5; Matthew 23:30-33; Acts 7:51,52
for our iniquities
Leviticus 26:14-46; Deuteronomy 4:25-28; 28:15-68; 29:22-28; 30:17-19; 31:20-22; Deuteronomy 32:15-28; 1 Samuel 12:15; 1 Kings 9:6-9; Nehemiah 9:30
into the hand
2 Kings 17:5-8; 18:9-12; 24:1-4; 2 Chronicles 36:16-19; Nehemiah 9:36,37; Daniel 9:11-14
to confusion
Daniel 9:7,8
as it is this day
Nehemiah 9:32; Jeremiah 25:18; 44:22

Verse 8
And now for a little space grace hath been shewed from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a nail in his holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage.
little space
Heb. moment. grace hath.
9; Nehemiah 1:11; 9:31; Habakkuk 3:2
a remnant
14; 2 Kings 19:4,30,31; Isaiah 1:9; Jeremiah 42:2; 44:14; Ezekiel 6:8,9; 14:22; Zechariah 8:6,12; Romans 9:27; 11:5,6
a nail
or a pin. i.e., a constant and sure abode.
Ecclesiastes 12:11; Isaiah 22:23-25; Zechariah 10:4
in his holy place
Isaiah 56:5; Revelation 3:12
1 Samuel 14:27,29; Job 33:30; Psalms 13:3; 34:5
Psalms 85:6; 138:7; Isaiah 57:15; Ezekiel 37:11-14; Hosea 6:2

Verse 9
For we were bondmen; yet our God hath not forsaken us in our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the house of our God, and to repair the desolations thereof, and to give us a wall in Judah and in Jerusalem.
we were bondmen
Nehemiah 9:36,37
yet our God
Psalms 106:45,46; 136:23,24; Ezekiel 11:16
in the sight
1:1-4,7-11; 6:1-12; 7:6,8,11-28
to set up
6:14,15; Haggai 1:9; Zechariah 4:6-10
Heb. set up. a wall. Or rather, a hedge or fence, gader, such as were made for sheep-folds.
Isaiah 5:2,5; Daniel 9:25; Zechariah 2:5

Verse 10
And now, O our God, what shall we say after this? for we have forsaken thy commandments,
what shall we say
Genesis 44:16; Joshua 7:8; Lamentations 3:22; Daniel 9:4-16; Romans 3:19

Verse 11
Which thou hast commanded by thy servants the prophets, saying, The land, unto which ye go to possess it, is an unclean land with the filthiness of the people of the lands, with their abominations, which have filled it from one end to another with their uncleanness.
by thy servants
Heb. by the hand of thy servants. The land.
1; Leviticus 18:24-30; Deuteronomy 12:31; 18:12; 2 Chronicles 33:2
the filthiness
6:21; Ezekiel 36:25-27; 2 Corinthians 7:1
one end to another
Heb. mouth to mouth.
2 Kings 21:16; *marg:

Verse 12
Now therefore give not your daughters unto their sons, neither take their daughters unto your sons, nor seek their peace or their wealth for ever: that ye may be strong, and eat the good of the land, and leave it for an inheritance to your children for ever.
give not
Exodus 23:32; 34:16; Deuteronomy 7:3; Joshua 23:12,13
nor seek their peace
Deuteronomy 23:6; 2 Chronicles 19:2; 2 John 1:10,11
that ye may
Deuteronomy 6:1,2; Joshua 1:6-9
and eat
Isaiah 1:19
and leave it
Genesis 18:18,19; Psalms 112:1,2; Proverbs 13:22; 20:7

Verse 13
And after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, and for our great trespass, seeing that thou our God hast punished us less than our iniquities deserve, and hast given us such deliverance as this;
after all
Nehemiah 9:32; Ezekiel 24:13,14; Galatians 3:4
hast punished, etc
Heb. hast withheld beneath our iniquities. less.
Psalms 103:10; Lamentations 3:22,39,40; Habakkuk 3:2
hast given us
Psalms 106:45,46

Verse 14
Should we again break thy commandments, and join in affinity with the people of these abominations? wouldest not thou be angry with us till thou hadst consumed us, so that there should be no remnant nor escaping?
we again
John 5:14; Romans 6:1; 2 Peter 2:20,21
join in
2; Exodus 23:32; Judges 2:2; Nehemiah 13:23-27
wouldest not thou
Exodus 32:10; Numbers 16:21,45; Deuteronomy 9:8,14
no remnant
8; Deuteronomy 32:26,27; Isaiah 1:9; Jeremiah 46:28; Ezekiel 6:8

Verse 15
O LORD God of Israel, thou art righteous: for we remain yet escaped, as it is this day: behold, we are before thee in our trespasses: for we cannot stand before thee because of this.
thou art righteous
Nehemiah 9:33,34; Daniel 9:7-11,14; Romans 10:3
for we remain
Lamentations 3:22,23
in our trespasses
Isaiah 64:6,7; Ezekiel 33:10; Zechariah 3:3,4; John 8:21,24; 1 Corinthians 15:17
we cannot
Job 9:2,3; Psalms 130:3; 143:2; Romans 3:19


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezra 9:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, January 17th, 2020
the First Week after Epiphany
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