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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Galatians 5

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1He wills them to stand in their liberty,
3and not to observe circumcision;
13but rather love, which is the sum of the law.
19He reckons up the works of the flesh,
22and the fruits of the Spirit,
25and exhorts to walk in the Spirit.

Verse 1
Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.
Stand
Proverbs 23:23; 1 Corinthians 15:58; 16:13; Ephesians 6:14; Philippians 1:27; 1 Thessalonians 3:8; 2 Thessalonians 2:15; Hebrews 3:6,14; 4:14; 10:23,35-39; Jude 1:3,20,21; Revelation 2:25; 3:3
the liberty
13; 2:4; 3:25; 4:26,31; Psalms 51:12; Isaiah 61:1; Matthew 11:28-30; John 8:32-36; Romans 6:14,18; 7:3,6; 8:2; 1 Corinthians 7:22; 2 Corinthians 3:17; 1 Peter 2:16; 2 Peter 2:19
entangled
2:4; 4:9; Matthew 23:4; Acts 15:10; Colossians 2:16-22; Hebrews 9:8-11

Verse 2
Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.
I Paul
1 Corinthians 16:21; 2 Corinthians 10:1; 1 Thessalonians 2:18; Philemon 1:9
that
4,6; 2:3-5; Acts 15:1,24; 16:3,4; Romans 9:31,32; 10:2,3; Hebrews 4:2

Verse 3
For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.
testify
Deuteronomy 8:19; 31:21; Nehemiah 9:29,30,34; Luke 16:28; Acts 2:40; 20:21; Ephesians 4:17; 1 Thessalonians 4:6; 1 John 4:14
a debtor
3:10; Deuteronomy 27:26; Matthew 23:16,18; *Gr:; James 2:10,11

Verse 4
Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
is
2; 2:21; Romans 9:31,32; 10:3-5
justified
Romans 3:20; 4:4,5
ye
1:6-9; Romans 11:6; Hebrews 6:4-6; 10:38,39; 12:15; 2 Peter 2:20-22; 3:17,18; Revelation 2:5

Verse 5
For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.
through
John 16:8-15; Ephesians 2:18
wait
Genesis 49:18; Psalms 25:3,5; 62:5; 130:5; Lamentations 3:25,26; Hosea 12:6; Romans 8:24,25; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 2 Thessalonians 3:5
the hope
Romans 5:21; Philippians 3:9; 2 Timothy 4:8; Titus 2:13

Verse 6
For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
in
2,3; 3:28; 6:15; Romans 2:25-29; 3:29-31; 1 Corinthians 7:19; Colossians 3:11
faith
Matthew 25:31-40; 2 Corinthians 5:14; 1 Thessalonians 1:3; Hebrews 11:8,17-19; James 2:14-26; 1 Peter 1:8; 1 John 3:14-20; 4:18-21

Verse 7
Ye did run well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth?
run
Matthew 13:21; 1 Corinthians 9:24; Hebrews 12:1
hinder you
or, drive you back.
3:1
obey
Acts 6:7; Romans 2:8; 6:17; 10:16; 15:18; 16:26; 2 Corinthians 10:5; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Hebrews 5:9; Hebrews 11:8; 1 Peter 1:22

Verse 8
This persuasion cometh not of him that calleth you.
him
1:6

Verse 9
A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.
Matthew 23:33; 16:6-12; Mark 8:15; Luke 12:1; 13:21; 1 Corinthians 5:6,7; 15:33; 2 Timothy 2:17

Verse 10
I have confidence in you through the Lord, that ye will be none otherwise minded: but he that troubleth you shall bear his judgment, whosoever he be.
confidence
4:11,20; 2 Corinthians 1:15; 2:3; 7:16; 8:22; 2 Thessalonians 3:4; Philemon 1:21
but
1:7; 2:4; 3:1; 4:17; 6:12,13,17; Acts 15:1,2,24; 1 John 2:18-26
bear
12; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 2 Corinthians 2:6; 10:2,6; 13:10; 1 Timothy 1:20
whosoever
2:6; 2 Corinthians 5:16

Verse 11
And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased.
if
2:3; Acts 16:3
why
4:29; 6:12,17; Acts 21:21,28; 22:21,22; 23:13,14; 1 Corinthians 15:30; 2 Corinthians 11:23-26
the offence
Isaiah 8:14; Romans 9:32,33; 1 Corinthians 1:18,23; 1 Peter 2:8,9

Verse 12
I would they were even cut off which trouble you.
cut
10; 1:8,9; Genesis 17:14; Exodus 12:15; 30:33; Leviticus 22:3; Joshua 7:12,25; John 9:34; Acts 5:5,9; 1 Corinthians 5:13; Titus 3:10
trouble
Acts 15:1,2,24

Verse 13
For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.
ye
1; 4:5-7,22-31; Isaiah 61:1; Luke 4:18; John 8:32-36; Romans 6:18-22
only
1 Corinthians 8:9; 1 Peter 2:16; 2 Peter 2:19; Jude 1:4,10-12
but
14,22; 6:2; Mark 10:43-45; John 13:14,15; Acts 20:35; Romans 15:1,2; 1 Corinthians 9:19; 1 Corinthians 13:4-7; 2 Corinthians 4:5; 12:15; 1 Thessalonians 1:3; James 2:15-17; 1 John 3:16-19

Verse 14
For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
all
Matthew 7:12; 19:18,19; 22:39,40; Romans 13:8-10; James 2:8-11
Thou
Leviticus 19:18,34; Mark 12:31,33; Luke 10:27-37; 1 Timothy 1:5

Verse 15
But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.
26; 2 Samuel 2:26,27; Isaiah 9:20,21; 11:5-9,13; 1 Corinthians 3:3; 6:6-8; 2 Corinthians 11:20; 2 Corinthians 12:20; James 3:14-18; 4:1-3

Verse 16
This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.
I say
3:17; 1 Corinthians 7:29
Walk
25; 6:8; Romans 8:1,4,5,12-14; 1 Peter 1:22; 4:6; Jude 1:19-21
and
19-21; Romans 6:12; 13:13,14; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 2:3; Colossians 2:11; 3:5-10; 1 Peter 1:14; 2:11; 4:1-4; 1 John 2:15,16
ye shall not fulfil
or, fulfil not.

Verse 17
For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.
the flesh
Psalms 19:12,13; 51:1-5,10-12; 65:3; 119:5,20,24,25,32,35,40,133,159; Psalms 119:176; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Isaiah 6:5; Matthew 16:17,23; 26:41; John 3:6; Romans 7:18,21-25; 8:5,6,13; James 4:5,6
and these
3:21; Matthew 12:30; Romans 7:7,8,10-14; 8:5-8
so
Psalms 119:4-6; 130:3; Matthew 5:6; Luke 22:33,46,54-61; Romans 7:15-23; Philippians 3:12-16; James 3:2; 1 John 1:8-10

Verse 18
But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.
if
16,25; 4:6; Psalms 25:4,5,8,9; 143:8-10; Proverbs 8:20; Isaiah 48:16-18; Ezekiel 36:27; John 16:13; Romans 8:12,14; 2 Timothy 1:7; 1 John 2:20-27
ye are
4:5; Romans 6:14,15

Verse 19
Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
the works
13,17; 6:8; Psalms 17:4; John 3:6; Romans 7:5,18,25; 8:3,5,9,13; 1 Corinthians 3:3; 1 Peter 4:2
Adultery
Ezekiel 22:6-13; Matthew 15:18,19; Mark 7:21-23; Romans 1:21-32; 1 Corinthians 6:9,10; 2 Corinthians 12:20,21; Ephesians 4:17-19; 5:3-6; Colossians 3:5-8; 1 Timothy 1:9,10; Titus 3:3; James 3:14,15; 1 Peter 4:3,4; Revelation 21:8; 22:15

Verse 20
Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
witchcraft
Ezekiel 22:18; Deuteronomy 18:10; 1 Samuel 15:23; 1 Chronicles 10:13,14; 2 Chronicles 33:6; Acts 8:9-11; Acts 16:16-19
heresies
2 Corinthians 11:19; Titus 3:10; 2 Peter 2:1

Verse 21
Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
drunkenness
Deuteronomy 21:20; Luke 21:34; Romans 13:13; 1 Corinthians 5:11; 6:10; Ephesians 5:18; 1 Thessalonians 5:7
revellings
1 Peter 4:3
that they
Isaiah 3:11; Romans 2:8,9; 8:13; 1 Corinthians 6:9,10; Ephesians 5:5,6; Colossians 3:6; Revelation 21:27; Revelation 22:15
inherit
Matthew 25:34; 1 Corinthians 6:10; 15:50; Ephesians 5:5

Verse 22
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
the fruit
16-18; Psalms 1:3; 92:14; Hosea 14:8; Matthew 12:33; Luke 8:14,15; 13:9; John 15:2,5,16; Romans 6:22; 7:4; Ephesians 5:9; Philippians 1:11; Colossians 1:10
love
13; Romans 5:2-5; 12:9-18; 15:3; 1 Corinthians 13:4-7; Ephesians 4:23-32; 5:1,2; Philippians 4:4-9; Colossians 3:12-17; 1 Thessalonians 1:3-10; 5:10-22; Titus 2:2-12; James 3:17,18; 1 Peter 1:8,22; 2 Peter 1:5-8; 1 John 4:7-16
goodness
Romans 15:14
faith
1 Corinthians 13:7,13; 2 Thessalonians 3:2; 1 Timothy 3:11; 4:12; 1 Peter 5:12

Verse 23
Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
temperance
Acts 24:25; 1 Corinthians 9:25; Titus 1:8; 2:2
against
1 Timothy 1:9

Verse 24
And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.
they
3:29; Romans 8:9; 1 Corinthians 3:23; 15:23; 2 Corinthians 10:7
crucified
16-18,20; 6:14; Romans 6:6; 8:13; 13:14; 1 Peter 2:11
affections
or, passions.

Verse 25
If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.
we
John 6:63; Romans 8:2,10; 1 Corinthians 15:45; 2 Corinthians 3:6; 1 Peter 4:6; Revelation 11:11
let
16; Romans 8:4,5

Verse 26
Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.
desirous
Luke 14:10; 1 Corinthians 3:7; Philippians 2:1-3; James 4:16
provoking
15; James 3:14-16; 1 Peter 5:5

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Galatians 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/galatians-5.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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