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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Genesis 28



1Isaac blesses Jacob, and sends him to Padan-aram.
6Esau marries Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael.
10Jacob journeys, and has a vision of a ladder.
18The stone of Beth-el.
20Jacob's vow.

Verse 1
And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and said unto him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan.
3,4; 27:4,27-33; 48:15; 49:28; Deuteronomy 33:1; Joshua 22:7
Thou shalt
6:2; 24:3,37; 26:34,35; 27:46; 34:9,16; Exodus 34:15,16; 2 Corinthians 6:14-16

Verse 2
Arise, go to Padanaram, to the house of Bethuel thy mother's father; and take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of Laban thy mother's brother.
Hosea 12:12
5; 22:20-23; 24:10,15-24; 25:20; 29:1; 31:18; 32:10; 35:9; 46:15

Verse 3
And God Almighty bless thee, and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be a multitude of people;
17:1-6; 22:17,18; 35:11; 43:14; 48:3; Exodus 6:3; Psalms 127:1; 2 Corinthians 6:18; Revelation 21:22
and make
1:28; 9:1; 13:16; 24:60; 41:52; Psalms 127:3-5; 128:1-6
a multitude
Heb. an assembly.

Verse 4
And give thee the blessing of Abraham, to thee, and to thy seed with thee; that thou mayest inherit the land wherein thou art a stranger, which God gave unto Abraham.
the blessing
12:1-3,7; 15:5-7; 17:6-8; 22:17,18; Psalms 72:17; Romans 4:7,8; Galatians 3:8,14; Ephesians 1:3
wherein thou art a stranger
Heb. of thy sojournings.
12:7; 13:14-17; 15:18-21; Psalms 39:12; 105:6-12; Hebrews 11:9-13

Verse 5
And Isaac sent away Jacob: and he went to Padanaram unto Laban, son of Bethuel the Syrian, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob's and Esau's mother.
sent away Jacob
Whoever observes Jacob's life, after he had surreptitiously obtained his father's blessing, will perceive that he enjoyed very little worldly felicity. His brother purposed to murder him, to avoid which he was forced to flee from his father's house; his uncle Laban deceived him, as he had deceived his father, and treated him with great rigour; after a servitude of 21 years, he was obliged to leave him in a clandestine manner, not without danger of being brought back, or murdered by his enraged brother; no sooner were these fears over, than he experienced the baseness of his son Reuben, in defiling his bed; he had next to bewail the treachery and cruelty of Simeon and Levi toward the Shechemites; then he had to feel the loss of his beloved wife; he was next imposed upon by his own sons, and had to lament the supposed untimely end of Joseph; and to complete all, he was forced by famine to go into Egypt, and there died, in a strange land. So just, wonderful, and instructive are all the ways of Providence!

Verse 6
When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him away to Padanaram, to take him a wife from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave him a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan;

Verse 7
And that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother, and was gone to Padanaram;
27:43; Exodus 20:12; Leviticus 19:3; Proverbs 1:8; 30:17; Ephesians 6:1,3; Colossians 3:20

Verse 8
And Esau seeing that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac his father;
the daughters
1; 24:3; 26:34,35
pleased not
Heb. were evil in the eyes.
1 Samuel 8:6

Verse 9
Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took unto the wives which he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham's son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his wife.
unto Ishmael
25:13-17; 36:3,13,18
called also, Bashemath.
the sister

Verse 10
And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran.
11:31; 32:10; Hosea 12:12; Acts 7:2; 25:13

Verse 11
And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.
18; 31:46; Matthew 8:20; 2 Corinthians 1:5
put them
This should be "put it;" for we find (ver. 18) it was only one stone.

Verse 12
And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.
he dreamed
15:1,12; 20:3,6,7; 37:5-11; 40:1-41; Numbers 12:6; Job 4:12-21; Job 33:15,16; Daniel 2:1-49; 4:1-37; 7:1; Matthew 1:20; 2:12,13,19; Hebrews 1:1
32:1,2; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Isaiah 41:10; John 1:51; 2 Timothy 4:16,17; Hebrews 1:14

Verse 13
And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed;
the Lord stood
35:1,6,7; 48:3
I am
15:1; 17:6,7; 26:24; 31:42; 32:9; 46:3; Exodus 3:6,15,16; Matthew 22:32; Hebrews 11:16
the land
4; 12:7; 13:15; 35:12,15,17; Psalms 105:11; Ezekiel 37:24,25; Acts 7:5

Verse 14
And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
thy seed
13:16; 32:12; 35:11,12; Numbers 23:10; Acts 3:25; Revelation 7:4,9
spread abroad
Heb. break forth. to the west.
13:14; Deuteronomy 12:20; Matthew 8:11
and in thee
12:3; 18:18; 22:18; 26:4; Psalms 72:17; Acts 3:25; Galatians 3:8,16; Ephesians 1:3

Verse 15
And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.
I am
20,21; 26:24; 31:3; 32:9; 39:2,21; 46:4; Exodus 3:12; Judges 6:16; Psalms 46:7,11; Isaiah 7:14; 8:10; 41:10; 43:2; Jeremiah 1:19; Matthew 18:20; 28:20; Romans 8:31,32; 1 Timothy 4:8
48:16; Psalms 121:5-8
for I
Deuteronomy 31:6; Joshua 1:5; 1 Kings 8:57; John 10:28,29; Hebrews 13:5,6; Jude 1:1
Numbers 23:19; Joshua 23:14-16; Matthew 24:35

Verse 16
And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew it not.
and I
Exodus 3:5; 15:11; Joshua 5:15; 1 Samuel 3:4-7; Job 9:11; 33:14; Psalms 68:35; Isaiah 8:13

Verse 17
And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.
he was
Exodus 3:6; Judges 13:22; Matthew 17:6; Luke 2:9; 8:35; Revelation 1:17
the house
22; 35:1-13; 2 Chronicles 5:14; Ecclesiastes 5:1; 1 Timothy 3:15; Hebrews 10:21; 1 Peter 4:17

Verse 18
And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it.
rose up
22:3; Psalms 119:60; Ecclesiastes 9:10
and took
The practice of setting up stones as a memorial by travellers still exists in Persia, and other parts of the East.
set it
31:13,45; 35:14,20; Joshua 24:26,27; 1 Samuel 7:12; 2 Samuel 18:18; Isaiah 19:19
Leviticus 8:10-12; Numbers 7:1

Verse 19
And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first.
the name
12:8; 35:1; 48:3; Judges 1:22-26; 1 Kings 12:29; Hosea 4:15; 12:4,5
i.e., the house of God.

Verse 20
And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,
31:13; Leviticus 27:1-34; Numbers 6:1-20; 21:2,3; Judges 11:30,31; 1 Samuel 1:11,28; 1 Samuel 14:24; 2 Samuel 15:8; Nehemiah 9:1-10; Psalms 22:25; 56:12; 61:5,8; 66:13; Psalms 76:11; 116:14,18; 119:106; 132:2; Ecclesiastes 5:1-7; Isaiah 19:21; John 1:16; Acts 18:18; 23:12-15
If God
will give
1 Timothy 6:8

Verse 21
So that I come again to my father's house in peace; then shall the LORD be my God:
I come
Judges 11:31; 2 Samuel 19:24,30
Exodus 15:2; Deuteronomy 26:17; 2 Samuel 15:8; 2 Kings 5:17

Verse 22
And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.
17; 12:8; 21:33; 33:20; 35:1,15
I will
14:20; Leviticus 27:30-33; Deuteronomy 14:22,23


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 28:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 25th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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