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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 1

 

 

Introduction
1Isaiah complains of Judah for her rebellion.
5He laments her judgments.
10He upbraids their whole service.
16He exhorts to repentance, with promises and threatenings.
21Bewailing their wickedness, he denounces God's judgments.
25He promises grace;
28and threatens destruction to the wicked.

Verse 1
The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
vision
21:2; Numbers 12:6; 24:4,16; 2 Chronicles 32:32; Psalms 89:19; Jeremiah 23:16; Nahum 1:1; Habakkuk 2:2; Matthew 17:9; Acts 10:17; 26:19; 2 Corinthians 12:1
saw
2:1; 13:1; 2 Peter 1:21
the days
6:1; 2 Chronicles 26:1-32; Hosea 1:1; Amos 1:1; Micah 1:1

Verse 2
Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.
Hear
Deuteronomy 4:26; 30:19; 32:1; Psalms 50:4; Jeremiah 2:12; 6:19; 22:29; Ezekiel 36:4; Micah 1:2; 6:1,2
for the Lord
Jeremiah 13:15; Amos 3:1; Micah 3:8; Acts 4:20
I have
5:1,2; 46:3,4; Deuteronomy 1:31; 4:7,8; Jeremiah 31:9; Ezekiel 16:6-14; 20:5-32; Romans 3:1,2; 9:4,5
they have
63:9,10; Deuteronomy 9:22-24; Jeremiah 2:5-13; Malachi 1:6

Verse 3
The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.
ox
Proverbs 6:6; Jeremiah 8:7
but Israel
5:12; 27:11; 44:18; Deuteronomy 32:28,29; Psalms 94:8; Jeremiah 4:22; 9:3-6; 10:8,14; Matthew 13:13-15,19; Romans 1:28; 2 Peter 3:5

Verse 4
Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.
Ah sinful
23; 10:6; 30:9; Genesis 13:13; Matthew 11:28; Acts 7:51,52; Revelation 18:5
laden with iniquity
Heb. of heaviness. a seed.
57:3,4; Numbers 32:14; Psalms 78:8; Jeremiah 7:26; 16:11,12; Matthew 3:7; 23:33
children
Jeremiah 2:33; Ezekiel 16:33
forsaken
Deuteronomy 29:25; 31:16; Judges 10:10; Jeremiah 2:13,17,19
provoked
3:8; 65:3; Deuteronomy 32:19; Psalms 78:40; Jeremiah 7:19; 1 Corinthians 10:22
the Holy
5:19,24; 12:6; 29:19; 30:11,12,15; 37:23; 41:14,16,20; Psalms 89:18; Jeremiah 50:29; 51:5
gone away backward
Heb. alienated, or separated.
Psalms 58:3; Jeremiah 2:5,31; Romans 8:7; Colossians 1:24

Verse 5
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.
should
9:13,21; Jeremiah 2:30; 5:3; 6:28-30; Ezekiel 24:13; Hebrews 12:5-8
ye will
2 Chronicles 28:22; Jeremiah 9:3; Revelation 16:8-11
revolt more and more
Heb. increase revolt. the whole.
23; Nehemiah 9:34; Jeremiah 5:5,31; Daniel 9:8-11; Zephaniah 3:1-4

Verse 6
From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment.
the sole
Job 2:7,8; Luke 16:20,21
bruises
2 Chronicles 6:28,29; Psalms 77:2; Jeremiah 6:14; *marg:; Jeremiah 30:12; Nahum 3:19
they have
Job 5:18; Psalms 38:3-5; Jeremiah 6:14; 8:21,22; 33:6; Hosea 5:12,13; Malachi 4:2; Matthew 9:12; Luke 10:34
ointment
or, oil.

Verse 7
Your country is desolate, your cities are burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is desolate, as overthrown by strangers.
country
5:5,6,9; 6:11; 24:10-12; Leviticus 26:34; Deuteronomy 28:51; 2 Chronicles 28:5,16-21; Psalms 107:34,39; Jeremiah 6:8
burned
9:5; 34:9; Jeremiah 2:15
strangers
5:17; Deuteronomy 28:33,43,48-52; Lamentations 5:2; Ezekiel 30:12; Hosea 7:9; 8:7
overthrown by strangers
Heb. the overthrow of strangers.

Verse 8
And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
daughter
4:4; 10:32; 37:22; 62:11; Psalms 9:14; Lamentations 2:1; Zechariah 2:10; 9:9; John 12:15
cottage
Job 27:18; Lamentations 2:6
besieged
8:8; 10:32; Jeremiah 4:17; Luke 19:43,44

Verse 9
Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, and we should have been like unto Gomorrah.
left
Lamentations 3:22; Habakkuk 3:2; Romans 9:29
a very
6:13; 10:22; 17:6; 24:13; 37:4,31,32; 1 Kings 19:18; Ezekiel 6:8; 14:22; Joel 2:32; Zechariah 13:8,9; Matthew 7:14; Romans 9:27; 11:4-6
we should
Genesis 18:26,32; 19:24; Deuteronomy 29:23; Lamentations 4:6; Amos 4:11; Zephaniah 2:9; Luke 17:29,30; 2 Peter 2:6

Verse 10
Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.
Hear
1 Kings 22:19-23; Amos 3:1,8; Micah 3:8-12
Sodom
Genesis 13:13; Deuteronomy 32:32; Jeremiah 9:26; 23:14; Ezekiel 16:46; Amos 9:7; Revelation 11:8

Verse 11
To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.
what purpose
66:3; 1 Samuel 15:22; Psalms 50:8; 51:16; Proverbs 15:8; 21:27; Jeremiah 6:20; 7:21; Amos 5:21; Micah 6:7; Matthew 9:13
he-goats
Heb. great he-goats.

Verse 12
When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts?
When
58:1,2; Exodus 23:17; 34:23; Deuteronomy 16:16; Ecclesiastes 5:1; Matthew 23:5
appear
Heb. be seen. required.
Psalms 40:6; Micah 6:8

Verse 13
Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting.
vain
Ezekiel 20:39; Malachi 1:10; Matthew 15:9; Luke 11:42
incense
66:3; Proverbs 21:27
the new
Leviticus 23:1-44; Numbers 28:1-29; Deuteronomy 16:1-22; Lamentations 2:6; Joel 1:14; 2:15
it is
1 Corinthians 11:17; Philippians 1:15
iniquity
or, grief.
Psalms 78:40; Ephesians 4:30

Verse 14
Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them.
my soul
61:8; Amos 5:21
I am weary
43:24; Amos 2:13; Zechariah 11:8; Malachi 2:17

Verse 15
And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.
when
59:2; 1 Kings 8:22,54; Ezra 9:5; Job 27:8,9,20; Psalms 66:18; 134:2; Proverbs 1:28; Jeremiah 14:12; Ezekiel 8:17,18; Micah 3:4; Zechariah 7:13; Luke 13:25-28; 1 Timothy 2:8
I will
58:7; Psalms 55:1
make many prayers
Heb. multiply prayer.
Matthew 6:7; 23:14
your hands
59:2,3; Jeremiah 7:8-10; Micah 3:9-11
blood
Heb. bloods.

Verse 16
Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
Wash
Job 11:13,14; Psalms 26:6; Jeremiah 4:14; Acts 22:16; 2 Corinthians 7:1; James 4:8; Revelation 7:14
put away
55:6,7; Ezekiel 18:30,31; Zechariah 1:3,4; Matthew 3:8; Ephesians 4:22-24; Titus 2:11-14; 1 Peter 2:1
cease
Psalms 34:14; 37:27; Amos 5:15; Romans 12:9; Ephesians 4:25-29; 1 Peter 3:11

Verse 17
Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
seek
23; Psalms 82:3,4; Proverbs 31:9; Jeremiah 22:3,15,16; Daniel 4:27; Micah 6:8; Zephaniah 2:3; Zechariah 7:9,10; 8:16
relieve
or, righten.

Verse 18
Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
and let us
41:21; 43:24-26; 1 Samuel 12:7; Jeremiah 2:5; Micah 6:2; Acts 17:2; 18:4; 24:25
though your
44:22; Psalms 51:7; Micah 7:18,19; Romans 5:20; Ephesians 1:6-8; Revelation 7:14

Verse 19
If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land:
3:10; 55:1-3,6,7; Jeremiah 3:12-14; 31:18-20; Hosea 14:1-4; Joel 2:26; Matthew 21:28-32; Hebrews 5:9

Verse 20
But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.
if ye refuse
3:11; 1 Samuel 12:25; 2 Chronicles 36:14-16; Hebrews 2:1-3
for the mouth
40:5; 58:14; Leviticus 26:33; Numbers 23:19; 1 Samuel 15:29; Titus 1:2

Verse 21
How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers.
the faithful
48:2; Nehemiah 11:1; Psalms 46:4; 48:1,8; Hosea 11:12; Zechariah 8:3; Hebrews 12:22
become
Jeremiah 2:20,21; 3:1; Lamentations 1:8,9; Ezekiel 16:1-63; 22:1-23; Luke 13:34; Revelation 11:2,8
it was full
5:7; 2 Samuel 8:15; 2 Chronicles 19:9; Ezekiel 22:3-7; Micah 3:2,3; Zephaniah 3:1-3; Acts 7:52

Verse 22
Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water:
silver
Jeremiah 6:28-30; Lamentations 4:1,2; Ezekiel 22:18-22; Hosea 6:4
wine
Hosea 4:18; 2 Corinthians 2:17

Verse 23
Thy princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
princes
3:14; 2 Chronicles 24:17-21; 36:14; Jeremiah 5:5; Ezekiel 22:6-12; Daniel 9:5,6; Hosea 7:3-5; 9:15; Micah 3:1-3,11; Acts 4:5-11
companions
Proverbs 29:24; Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46
every
33:15; Exodus 23:8; Deuteronomy 16:19; Proverbs 17:23; Jeremiah 22:17; Ezekiel 22:12; Hosea 4:18; Micah 7:3
they judge
10:1,2; Jeremiah 5:28,29; Zechariah 7:10; Malachi 3:5; Luke 18:2-5

Verse 24
Therefore saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies:
the mighty
30:29; 49:26; 60:16; Jeremiah 50:34; Revelation 18:8
Ah
Deuteronomy 28:63; 32:43; Proverbs 1:25,26; Ezekiel 5:13; 16:42; 21:17; Hebrews 10:13

Verse 25
And I will turn my hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin:
And I
Zechariah 13:7-9; Revelation 3:19
purely
Heb. according to pureness. purge.
22; 4:4; 6:11-13; Jeremiah 6:29; 9:7; Ezekiel 20:38; Zephaniah 3:11; Malachi 3:3; Matthew 3:12

Verse 26
And I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy counsellors as at the beginning: afterward thou shalt be called, The city of righteousness, the faithful city.
And I will
32:1,2; 60:17,18; Numbers 12:3; 16:15; 1 Samuel 12:2-5; Jeremiah 33:7,15-17; Ezekiel 34:23,24; 37:24,25; 45:8
thou shalt
21; 60:21; 62:1; Jeremiah 31:23; Zephaniah 3:9,13; Zechariah 8:8; Revelation 21:27

Verse 27
Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and her converts with righteousness.
redeemed
5:16; 45:21-25; Romans 3:24-26; 11:26,27; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Ephesians 1:7,8; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 1:18,19
her converts
or, they that return of her.
1 Corinthians 1:30

Verse 28
And the destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners shall be together, and they that forsake the LORD shall be consumed.
the destruction
Heb. the breaking.
Job 31:3; Psalms 1:6; 5:6; 37:38; 73:27; 92:9; 104:35; 125:5; Proverbs 29:1; Luke 12:45,46; 1 Thessalonians 5:3; 2 Thessalonians 1:8,9; 2 Peter 3:7; Revelation 21:8
they that
30:13; 50:11; 65:11; 1 Samuel 12:25; 1 Kings 9:6-9; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Zephaniah 1:4-6

Verse 29
For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.
ashamed
30:22; 31:7; 45:16; Ezekiel 16:63; 36:31; Hosea 14:3,8; Romans 6:21
the oaks
57:5; *marg:; Ezekiel 6:13; Hosea 4:13
the gardens
65:3; 66:17; Jeremiah 2:20; 3:6

Verse 30
For ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water.
ye shall be
5:6; Jeremiah 17:5,6; Ezekiel 17:9,10,24; Matthew 21:19
garden
58:11; Jeremiah 31:12; Ezekiel 31:4-18

Verse 31
And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.
the strong
Ezekiel 32:21
as tow
27:4; 43:17; 50:11; Judges 15:14; Revelation 6:14-17
the maker of it
or, his work. and they.
34:9,10; 66:24; Ezekiel 20:47,48; Malachi 4:1; Matthew 3:10; Mark 9:43-49; Revelation 14:10,11; 19:20; 20:10

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, September 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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