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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 44

 

 

Introduction
1God comforts the church with his promises.
7The vanity of idols,
9and folly of idol makers.
21He exhorts to praise God for his redemption and omnipotency.

Verse 1
Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen:
now
42:23; 48:16-18; 55:3; Psalms 81:11-13; Jeremiah 4:7; Luke 13:34; Hebrews 3:7,8
O Jacob
41:8; 43:1; Genesis 17:7; Deuteronomy 7:6-8; Psalms 105:6,42,43; Jeremiah 30:10; 46:27,28; Romans 11:5,6

Verse 2
Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, which will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen.
that made
21; 43:1,7,21
formed
24; 46:3,4; 49:1; Psalms 46:5; 71:6; Jeremiah 1:5; Ezekiel 16:4-8; 20:5-12; Hebrews 4:16
Fear
41:10,14; 43:1; Luke 12:32; Romans 8:30; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Thessalonians 1:4
Jesurun
Deuteronomy 32:15; 33:5
Jeshurun

Verse 3
For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
pour water
41:17; 59:21; Ezekiel 34:26; Joel 3:18; John 7:37-39; Revelation 21:6; 22:17
floods
32:2; 35:6,7; 43:19,20; 48:21; 49:10; Psalms 78:15,16; 107:35
dry ground
Psalms 63:1; Matthew 12:43
Greek
pour my
32:15; 59:21; Proverbs 1:23; Ezekiel 39:29; Joel 2:28; Zechariah 12:10; Acts 2:17; Acts 2:33,39; 10:45; Titus 3:5,6

Verse 4
And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses.
spring
58:11; 61:11; Psalms 1:3; 92:13-15; Acts 2:41-47; 4:4; 5:14
willows
Psalms 137:1,2; Ezekiel 17:5

Verse 5
One shall say, I am the LORD'S; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the LORD, and surname himself by the name of Israel.
I am
Deuteronomy 26:17-19; Psalms 116:16; Jeremiah 50:5; Micah 4:2; Zechariah 8:20-23; 13:9
subscribe
Nehemiah 9:38; 10:1-29; 2 Corinthians 8:5
the name
Galatians 6:16; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 6
Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.
the King
33:22; 43:15; Malachi 1:14; Matthew 25:34; 27:37
his redeemer
24; 41:14; 43:1,14; 48:17; 54:5; 59:20; Jeremiah 50:34
I am the first
41:4; 48:12; Revelation 1:8,11,17,18; 2:8; 22:13
beside
8; 37:16,20; 42:8; 43:10,11; 45:6,21,22; Deuteronomy 4:35,39; 6:4; 32:39; 1 Timothy 3:16

Verse 7
And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.
who
41:22,26; 43:9,12; 45:21; 46:9,10; 48:3-8
since
41:4; Genesis 17:7,8; Deuteronomy 32:8; Acts 17:26

Verse 8
Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any.
neither
2; 41:10-14; Proverbs 3:25,26; Jeremiah 10:7; 30:10,11; John 6:10
have declared
42:9; 48:5; Genesis 15:13-21; 28:13-15; 46:3; 48:19; 49:1-28; Leviticus 26:1-46; Deuteronomy 4:25-31; 28:1-68
ye are
43:10,12; Ezra 1:2; 8:22; Daniel 2:28,47; 3:16-28; 4:25; 5:23-30; 6:22; Acts 1:8; 14:15; 17:23-31; Hebrews 12:1; 1 John 1:2
Is there
6; 45:5,6; 46:9; Deuteronomy 4:35,39; 32:39; 1 Samuel 2:2; 2 Samuel 22:32; John 1:1; John 10:30
no God
Heb. no rock.
Deuteronomy 32:4,31; Psalms 18:31

Verse 9
They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses; they see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed.
make
41:24,29; Deuteronomy 27:15; Psalms 97:7; Jeremiah 10:3-8,14,15
and their
2:20,21; 37:18-20; 46:1,2,6,7; Judges 10:14; 1 Kings 18:26-40; Jeremiah 2:11,27,28; 14:22; 16:19,20; Daniel 5:23; Hosea 8:4-6; Habakkuk 2:18-20; 1 Corinthians 8:4
delectable
Heb. desirable.
Daniel 11:38
their own
18,20; 42:18; 43:8; 45:20; Psalms 115:8; 135:18; Romans 1:22; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Ephesians 4:18; 5:8

Verse 10
Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image that is profitable for nothing?
1 Kings 12:28; Jeremiah 10:5; Daniel 3:1,14; Habakkuk 2:18; Acts 19:26; 1 Corinthians 8:4

Verse 11
Behold, all his fellows shall be ashamed: and the workmen, they are of men: let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; yet they shall fear, and they shall be ashamed together.
all his
1:29; 42:17; 45:16; 1 Samuel 5:3-7; 6:4,5; Psalms 97:7; Jeremiah 2:26,27; 10:14; Jeremiah 51:17
let them all
41:5-7; Judges 6:29-32; 16:23-30; 1 Kings 18:19-29,40; Daniel 3:1-7; 5:1-6; Acts 19:24-34; Revelation 19:19-21

Verse 12
The smith with the tongs both worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with the strength of his arms: yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth: he drinketh no water, and is faint.
40:19; 41:6,7; 46:6,7; Exodus 32:4,8; Jeremiah 10:3-11
the tongs
or, an axe. yea, he is.
Habakkuk 2:13

Verse 13
The carpenter stretcheth out his rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.
he marketh
Exodus 20:4,5; Deuteronomy 4:16-18,28; Acts 17:29; Romans 1:23
that it may
Genesis 31:19,30,32; 35:2; Deuteronomy 27:15; Judges 17:4,5; 18:24; Ezekiel 8:12

Verse 14
He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the cypress and the oak, which he strengtheneth for himself among the trees of the forest: he planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it.
heweth
40:20; Jeremiah 10:3-8; Hosea 4:12; Habakkuk 2:19
strengtheneth
or, taketh courage.

Verse 15
Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and warm himself; yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.
he maketh a god
10; 45:20; Judges 2:19; 2 Chronicles 25:14; Revelation 9:20

Verse 17
And the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image: he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou art my god.
Deliver me
36:19,20; 37:38; Daniel 3:17,29; 6:16,20-22,27

Verse 18
They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.
have not
9,20; 45:20; 46:7,8; Jeremiah 10:8,14; Romans 1:21-23
for he hath
6:10; 29:10; Psalms 81:12; Matthew 13:14,15; Acts 14:16; Romans 1:28; 11:8-10; 2 Corinthians 4:3,4; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12
shut
Heb. daubed. cannot.
56:11; Psalms 92:6; Proverbs 2:5-9; 28:5; Jeremiah 5:21; Daniel 12:10; Hosea 14:9; Matthew 12:34; John 5:44; 8:43; 12:39,40; 2 Peter 2:14

Verse 19
And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and eaten it: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?
considereth in his heart
Heb. setteth to his heart.
46:8; Exodus 7:23; Deuteronomy 32:46; Ezekiel 40:4; Haggai 1:5; *marg:; Hosea 7:2
an abomination
Deuteronomy 27:15; 1 Kings 11:5,7; 2 Kings 23:13
the stock of a tree
Heb. that which comes of a tree.

Verse 20
He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?
feedeth
Job 15:2; Psalms 102:9; Proverbs 15:14; Hosea 12:1; Luke 15:16
a deceived
1 Kings 22:20-23; Job 15:31; Hosea 4:12; Romans 1:20-22,28; 2 Thessalonians 2:11; 2 Timothy 2:13; Revelation 12:9; 13:14; 18:23; 20:3
Is there
28:15-17; Jeremiah 16:19; Habakkuk 2:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11; 1 Timothy 4:2

Verse 21
Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for thou art my servant: I have formed thee; thou art my servant: O Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me.
Remember
42:23; 46:8,9; Deuteronomy 4:9,23; 31:19-21; 32:18
thou art
1,2; 41:8,9; 43:1,7,15
thou shalt
49:15,16; Romans 11:28,29

Verse 22
I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins: return unto me; for I have redeemed thee.
blotted
1:18; 43:25; Nehemiah 4:5; Psalms 51:1,9; 103:12; 109:14; Jeremiah 18:23; 33:8; Acts 3:19
as a thick
Job 37:11; Lamentations 3:42-44
return
1:27; 43:1; 48:20; 51:11; 59:20,21; Jeremiah 3:1,12-14; Hosea 14:1-4; Luke 1:73,74; Acts 3:18,19; 1 Corinthians 6:20; Titus 2:12-14; 1 Peter 1:18,19

Verse 23
Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done it: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.
Sing
42:10-12; 49:13; 55:12,13; Psalms 69:34; 96:11,12; 98:7,8; Jeremiah 51:48; Luke 2:10-14; Revelation 5:8-14; 12:12; 18:20; 19:1-6
glorified
26:15; 49:3; 60:21; Ezekiel 36:1,8; 39:13; Ephesians 1:6,7; 3:21; 2 Thessalonians 1:10-12; 1 Peter 4:11

Verse 24
Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;
thy redeemer
6; 43:14; 48:17; 49:7,26; 54:5,8; 59:20; 60:16; 63:16; Psalms 78:35; Jeremiah 50:34; Revelation 5:9
and he
2; 43:1,7; 46:3,4; 49:1; Job 31:15; Psalms 71:6; 139:13-16; Galatians 1:15
I am
40:22; 42:5; 45:12; 48:13; 51:13; Job 9:8; 26:7; Psalms 104:2; Jeremiah 51:15
by myself
John 1:3; Ephesians 3:9; Colossians 1:16,17; Hebrews 1:2,10-12

Verse 25
That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish;
frustrateth
47:12-14; 1 Kings 22:11,12,22-25,37; 2 Chronicles 18:11,34; Jeremiah 27:9,10; Jeremiah 28:9-17; 50:36
maketh
Exodus 9:11; Daniel 1:20; 2:10-12; 4:7; 5:6-8
turneth
19:11-14; 29:14; 2 Samuel 15:31; 16:23; 17:23; Job 5:12-14; Psalms 33:10; Jeremiah 49:7; 51:57; 1 Corinthians 1:20-27; 3:19,20

Verse 26
That confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof:
confirmeth
42:9; Exodus 11:4-6; 12:29,30; 1 Kings 13:3-5; 18:36-38; Ezekiel 38:17; Zechariah 1:6; Matthew 26:56; Luke 24:44; Acts 2:25-28; 2 Peter 1:19-21
that saith
54:3,11,12; 60:10; Ezra 2:70; Psalms 102:13-16; 147:2; Jeremiah 30:18; Jeremiah 31:4,38-40; 33:7; Ezekiel 36:33-36; Daniel 9:25; Zechariah 2:4; 12:6; Zechariah 14:10,11
and I will
58:12; Nehemiah 1:3; 2:3; 3:1-32; Amos 9:14
decayed places
Heb. wastes.
61:4; Ezekiel 36:10

Verse 27
That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers:
Be dry
11:15,16; 42:15; 43:16; 51:15; Psalms 74:15; Jeremiah 50:38; 51:32,36; Revelation 16:12

Verse 28
That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.
Cyrus
42:15; 45:1,3; 46:11; 48:14,15; Daniel 10:1
my shepherd
63:11; Psalms 78:71,72
saying
45:13; 2 Chronicles 36:22,23; Ezra 1:1-3; 6:3-18

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 44:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-44.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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