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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Jeremiah 4

 

 

Introduction
1God calls Israel by his promise.
3He exhorts Judah to repentance by fearful judgments.
19A grievous lamentation for Judah.

Verse 1
If thou wilt return, O Israel, saith the LORD, return unto me: and if thou wilt put away thine abominations out of my sight, then shalt thou not remove.
wilt return
4; 3:12,22
return
3:1,14; Isaiah 31:6; Hosea 7:16; 14:1; Joel 2:12
put away
Genesis 35:2; Deuteronomy 27:15; Joshua 24:14; Judges 10:16; 1 Samuel 7:3; 2 Kings 23:13,24; 2 Chronicles 15:8; Ezekiel 11:18; 18:13; 20:7,8; 43:9; Hosea 2:2; Ephesians 4:22-31
then shalt
15:4; 22:3-5; 24:9; 25:5; 36:3; 2 Chronicles 33:8

Verse 2
And thou shalt swear, The LORD liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness; and the nations shall bless themselves in him, and in him shall they glory.
shalt swear
5:2; Deuteronomy 10:20; Isaiah 45:23; 48:1,2; 65:16
in truth
9:24; 1 Kings 3:6; Psalms 99:4; Hosea 2:19; Zechariah 8:8
and the nations
Genesis 22:18; Psalms 72:17; Isaiah 65:16; Galatians 3:8
and in him
9:24; Isaiah 45:25; 1 Corinthians 1:31; 2 Corinthians 10:17; Philippians 3:3; *Gr:

Verse 3
For thus saith the LORD to the men of Judah and Jerusalem, Break up your fallow ground, and sow not among thorns.
Break
Genesis 3:18; Hosea 10:12; Matthew 13:7,22; Mark 4:7,18,19; Luke 8:7,14; Galatians 6:7,8

Verse 4
Circumcise yourselves to the LORD, and take away the foreskins of your heart, ye men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem: lest my fury come forth like fire, and burn that none can quench it, because of the evil of your doings.
take
9:26; Deuteronomy 10:16; 30:6; Ezekiel 18:31; Romans 2:28,29; Colossians 2:11
lest
21:5,12; 23:19; 36:7; Leviticus 26:28; Deuteronomy 32:22; Isaiah 30:27,28; 51:17; Lamentations 4:11; Ezekiel 5:13-15; 6:12; 8:18; 16:38; 20:33,47,48; 21:17; 24:8,13; Amos 5:6; Zephaniah 2:2; Mark 9:43-50

Verse 5
Declare ye in Judah, and publish in Jerusalem; and say, Blow ye the trumpet in the land: cry, gather together, and say, Assemble yourselves, and let us go into the defenced cities.
Declare ye
5:20; 9:12; 11:2
Blow
6:1; Ezekiel 33:2-6; Hosea 8:1; Amos 3:6,8
Assemble
8:14; 35:11; Joshua 10:20

Verse 6
Set up the standard toward Zion: retire, stay not: for I will bring evil from the north, and a great destruction.
the standard
21; 50:2; 51:12,27; Isaiah 62:10
retire
or, strengthen. for I will.
1:13-15; 6:1,22; 21:7; 25:9
and a great
50:22; 51:54
destruction
Heb. breaking.
Zephaniah 1:10

Verse 7
The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way; he is gone forth from his place to make thy land desolate; and thy cities shall be laid waste, without an inhabitant.
lion
5:6; 25:38; 49:19; 50:17,44; 2 Kings 24:1; 25:1; Daniel 7:4
destroyer
25:9; 27:8; Ezekiel 21:19-21; 26:7-10; 30:10,11; Daniel 5:19
to
2:15; 9:11; 26:9; 33:10; 34:22; Isaiah 1:7; 5:9; 6:11

Verse 8
For this gird you with sackcloth, lament and howl: for the fierce anger of the LORD is not turned back from us.
gird
6:26; Isaiah 15:3; 22:12; 32:11; Joel 2:12,13; Amos 8:10
howl
48:20; Isaiah 13:6; 15:2,3; Ezekiel 21:12; 30:2
the
Isaiah 5:25; 9:12,17,21; 10:4

Verse 9
And it shall come to pass at that day, saith the LORD, that the heart of the king shall perish, and the heart of the princes; and the priests shall be astonished, and the prophets shall wonder.
that the heart
39:4,5; 52:7; 1 Samuel 25:37,38; 2 Kings 25:4; Psalms 102:4; Isaiah 19:3,11,12,16; Isaiah 21:3,4; 22:3-5
and the priests
5:31; 6:13,14; 37:19; Isaiah 29:9,10; Ezekiel 13:9-16; Acts 13:41

Verse 10
Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! surely thou hast greatly deceived this people and Jerusalem, saying, Ye shall have peace; whereas the sword reacheth unto the soul.
Ah
1:6; 14:13; 32:17; Ezekiel 11:13
surely
14:13,14; 1 Kings 22:20-23; Isaiah 63:17; Ezekiel 14:9,10; Romans 1:24,26,28; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12
Ye shall have
5:12; 6:14; 8:11; 23:17; Isaiah 30:10; 37:35
the sword
18; Exodus 9:14; Lamentations 2:21

Verse 11
At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem, A dry wind of the high places in the wilderness toward the daughter of my people, not to fan, nor to cleanse,
A.# 23:19 30:23,24 51:1 Isa 27:8 64:6 Eze 17:10 19:12 Ho 13:3,15
daughter
8:19; 9:1,7; 14:17; Isaiah 22:4; Lamentations 2:11; 3:48; 4:3,6,10
not
51:2; Isaiah 41:16; Matthew 3:12; Luke 3:17

Verse 12
Even a full wind from those places shall come unto me: now also will I give sentence against them.
a full wind from those
or, a fuller wind than those. give sentence. Heb. utter judgments.
1:16; Ezekiel 5:8; 6:11-13; 7:8,9

Verse 13
Behold, he shall come up as clouds, and his chariots shall be as a whirlwind: his horses are swifter than eagles. Woe unto us! for we are spoiled.
Behold
Isaiah 13:5; 19:1; Nahum 1:3; Matthew 24:30; Revelation 1:7
his chariots
Isaiah 5:28; 66:15; Nahum 2:3,4
his horses
Deuteronomy 28:49; Lamentations 4:19; Daniel 7:4; Hosea 8:1; Habakkuk 1:8
Woe
31; 10:19

Verse 14
O Jerusalem, wash thine heart from wickedness, that thou mayest be saved. How long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within thee?
wash
Isaiah 1:16-19; 55:7; Ezekiel 18:31; Matthew 12:33; 15:19,20; 23:26,27; Luke 11:39; James 4:8
How long
13:27; Psalms 66:18; 119:113; Proverbs 1:22; Acts 8:22; Romans 1:21; 1 Corinthians 3:20

Verse 15
For a voice declareth from Dan, and publisheth affliction from mount Ephraim.
a voice
6:1; 8:16; Judges 18:29; 20:1
mount Ephraim
Joshua 17:15; 20:7

Verse 16
Make ye mention to the nations; behold, publish against Jerusalem, that watchers come from a far country, and give out their voice against the cities of Judah.
ye
6:18; 31:10; 50:2; Isaiah 34:1
watchers
17; 5:6; 16:6; 39:1
from
5:15; Deuteronomy 28:49-52; Isaiah 39:3
give out
2:15; Ezekiel 21:22

Verse 17
As keepers of a field, are they against her round about; because she hath been rebellious against me, saith the LORD.
keepers
6:2,3; 2 Kings 25:1-4; Isaiah 1:8; Luke 19:43,44; 21:20-24
because
5:23; Nehemiah 9:26,30; Isaiah 1:20-23; 30:9; Lamentations 1:8,18; Ezekiel 2:3-7; Daniel 9:7-19

Verse 18
Thy way and thy doings have procured these things unto thee; this is thy wickedness, because it is bitter, because it reacheth unto thine heart.
Thy way
2:17,19; 5:19; 6:19; 26:19; Job 20:5-16; Psalms 107:17; Proverbs 1:31; 5:22; Isaiah 50:1
it reacheth

Verse 19
My bowels, my bowels! I am pained at my very heart; my heart maketh a noise in me; I cannot hold my peace, because thou hast heard, O my soul, the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war.
My bowels
9:1,10; 13:17; 14:17,18; 23:9; 48:31,32; Psalms 119:53,136; Isaiah 15:5; Isaiah 16:11; 21:3; 22:4; Lamentations 1:16; 2:11; 3:48-51; Daniel 7:15,28; 8:27; Habakkuk 3:16; Luke 19:41,42; Romans 9:2,3; 10:1; Galatians 4:19
my very
Heb. the walls of my. O my.
Genesis 49:6; Judges 5:21; Psalms 16:2; 42:5,6; 103:1; 116:7; 146:1
sound
5,21; Amos 3:6; Zephaniah 1:15,16

Verse 20
Destruction upon destruction is cried; for the whole land is spoiled: suddenly are my tents spoiled, and my curtains in a moment.
upon destruction
6; 17:18; Leviticus 26:18,21,24,28; Psalms 42:7; Isaiah 13:6; Lamentations 3:47; Ezekiel 7:25,26; 14:21; Joel 1:15; Matthew 10:28; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
suddenly
10:19,20; Isaiah 33:20; 54:2; Lamentations 2:6-9; Habakkuk 3:7
in
Exodus 33:5; Numbers 16:21,45; Psalms 72:19; Isaiah 47:9

Verse 21
How long shall I see the standard, and hear the sound of the trumpet?
How long
shall I
5,6,19; 6:1; 2 Chronicles 35:25; 36:3,6,7,10,17

Verse 22
For my people is foolish, they have not known me; they are sottish children, and they have none understanding: they are wise to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge.
For my
5:4,21; 8:7-9; Deuteronomy 32:6,28; Psalms 14:1-4; Isaiah 1:3; 6:9,10; 27:11; Isaiah 29:10-12; 42:19,20; Hosea 4:1,6; Matthew 23:16-26; Romans 1:22; 3:11
they have
Hosea 5:4; John 16:3; Romans 1:28; 1 Corinthians 1:20,21
they are wise
2 Samuel 13:3; 16:21-23; Micah 2:1; Luke 16:8; Romans 16:19; 1 Corinthians 14:20

Verse 23
I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was without form, and void; and the heavens, and they had no light.
the earth
9:10; Genesis 1:2; Isaiah 24:19-23; Revelation 20:11
the heavens
Isaiah 5:30; 13:10; Ezekiel 32:7,8; Joel 2:10,30,31; 3:15,16; Amos 8:9; Matthew 24:29,35; Mark 13:24,25; Luke 21:25,26; Acts 2:19,20

Verse 24
I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly.
mountains
8:16; 10:10; Judges 5:4,5; 1 Kings 19:11; Psalms 18:7; 77:18; 97:4; 114:4-7; Isaiah 5:25; Ezekiel 38:20; Micah 1:4; Nahum 1:5,6; Habakkuk 3:6,10

Verse 25
I beheld, and, lo, there was no man, and all the birds of the heavens were fled.
there was no man
Hosea 4:3; Zephaniah 1:2,3

Verse 26
I beheld, and, lo, the fruitful place was a wilderness, and all the cities thereof were broken down at the presence of the LORD, and by his fierce anger.
the fruitful
12:4; 14:2-6; Deuteronomy 29:23-28; Psalms 76:7; 107:34; Isaiah 5:9,10; 7:20-25; Micah 3:12

Verse 27
For thus hath the LORD said, The whole land shall be desolate; yet will I not make a full end.
The
7; 7:34; 12:11; 18:16; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Isaiah 6:11,12; 24:1,3-12; Ezekiel 6:14; 33:28
yet
5:10,18; 30:11; 46:28; Leviticus 26:44; Isaiah 24:12,13; Ezekiel 11:13; Amos 9:8,9; Romans 9:27-29; 11:1-7

Verse 28
For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black: because I have spoken it, I have purposed it, and will not repent, neither will I turn back from it.
the earth
23-26; 12:4; 23:10; Isaiah 24:4; 33:8,9; Hosea 4:3; Joel 1:10
the heavens
Isaiah 5:30; 34:4; 50:3; Joel 2:30,31; Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44; Revelation 6:12
because
7:16; 14:11,12; 15:1-9; Numbers 23:19; 1 Samuel 15:29; Isaiah 14:24-27; 46:10,11; Ezekiel 24:14; Hosea 13:14; Ephesians 1:9,11; Hebrews 7:21

Verse 29
The whole city shall flee for the noise of the horsemen and bowmen; they shall go into thickets, and climb up upon the rocks: every city shall be forsaken, and not a man dwell therein.
shall flee
39:4-6; 52:7; 2 Kings 25:4-7; Isaiah 30:17; Amos 9:1
they shall go
1 Samuel 13:6; 2 Chronicles 33:11; Isaiah 2:19-21; Luke 23:30; Revelation 6:15-17
every

Verse 30
And when thou art spoiled, what wilt thou do? Though thou clothest thyself with crimson, though thou deckest thee with ornaments of gold, though thou rentest thy face with painting, in vain shalt thou make thyself fair; thy lovers will despise thee, they will seek thy life.
And when
5:31; 13:21; Isaiah 10:3; 20:6; 33:14; Hebrews 2:3
Though
Ezekiel 23:40,41; 28:9,13; Revelation 17:4
face
Heb. eyes.
2 Kings 9:30
in vain
22:20-22; Lamentations 1:2,19; 4:17; Ezekiel 16:36-41; 23:9,10,22-24,28,29; Revelation 17:2,13,16-18

Verse 31
For I have heard a voice as of a woman in travail, and the anguish as of her that bringeth forth her first child, the voice of the daughter of Zion, that bewaileth herself, that spreadeth her hands, saying, Woe is me now! for my soul is wearied because of murderers.
I have heard
6:24; 13:21; 22:23; 30:6; 48:41; 49:22,24; 50:43; Isaiah 13:8; 21:3; Hosea 13:13; 1 Thessalonians 5:3
the voice
6:2,23; Matthew 21:5
spreadeth
Isaiah 1:15; Lamentations 1:17
Woe
10:19; 15:18; 45:2; Psalms 120:5; Isaiah 6:5; Micah 7:1; 1 Corinthians 9:16
for my
Genesis 27:46; Job 10:1
because
14:18; 18:21; Lamentations 1:20; 2:21; Ezekiel 9:5,6; 23:46,47

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 4:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-4.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, September 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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