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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Job 5

 

 


Introduction
1Eliphaz shews that the end of the wicked is misery;
6that man is born to trouble;
8that God is to be regarded in affliction;
17the happy end of God's correction.

Verse 1
Call now, if there be any that will answer thee; and to which of the saints wilt thou turn?
and to which
15:8-10,15; Isaiah 41:1,21-23; Hebrews 12:1
the saints
4:18; 15:15; Deuteronomy 33:2,3; Psalms 16:3; 106:16; Ephesians 1:1
turn
or, look.

Verse 2
For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.
wrath
18:4; Jonah 4:9
the foolish
Psalms 14:1; 75:4; 92:6; 107:17; Proverbs 1:22,23; 8:5; Ecclesiastes 7:9
envy
or, indignation.
Genesis 30:1; 1 Samuel 18:8,9; Romans 2:8
one
Hosea 7:11; 2 Timothy 3:6

Verse 3
I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.
taking
27:8; Psalms 37:35,36; 73:3-9,18-20; 92:7; Jeremiah 12:1-3
cursed
Deuteronomy 27:15-26; Psalms 69:25; Acts 1:20

Verse 4
His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them.
children
4:10,11; 8:4; 18:16-19; 27:14; Exodus 20:5; Psalms 109:9-15; 119:155; 127:5
they are crushed
1:19; Luke 13:4,5
neither
10:7; Psalms 7:2

Verse 5
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the robber swalloweth up their substance.
harvest
Deuteronomy 28:33,51; Judges 6:3-6; Isaiah 62:8
the thorns
Judges 6:11; 2 Chronicles 33:11
the robber
1:15,17; 12:6; 18:9; Hosea 8:7
swalloweth
2:3; 20:15; Jeremiah 51:34,44; Lamentations 2:5,16

Verse 6
Although affliction cometh not forth of the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground;
affliction
or, iniquity. trouble.
34:29; Deuteronomy 32:27; 1 Samuel 6:9; Psalms 90:7; Isaiah 45:7; Lamentations 3:38; Amos 3:6
spring out
Hosea 10:4; Hebrews 12:15

Verse 7
Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward.
man
14:1; Genesis 3:17-19; Psalms 90:8,9; 1 Corinthians 10:13
trouble
or, labour.
Ecclesiastes 1:8; 2:22; 5:15-17
sparks fly upward
Heb. sons of the burning coal lift up to fly.

Verse 8
I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause:
seek
8:5; 22:21,27; Genesis 32:7-12; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13; Psalms 50:15; 77:1,2; Jonah 2:1-7
unto God
Psalms 37:5; 2 Timothy 1:12; 1 Peter 2:23; 4:19

Verse 9
Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number:
doeth
9:10; 11:7-9; 37:5; Psalms 40:5; 72:18; 86:10; Romans 11:33
unsearchable
Heb. there is no search.
Isaiah 40:28
marvellous
26:5-14
without number
Heb. till there be no number.
Psalms 40:5; 139:18

Verse 10
Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields:
giveth
28:26; Psalms 65:9-11; 147:8; Jeremiah 5:24; 10:13; 14:22; Amos 4:7; Acts 14:17
fields
Heb. outplaces.
38:26-28

Verse 11
To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety.
set up
1 Samuel 2:7,8; Psalms 91:14; 107:41; Ezekiel 17:24; Luke 1:52,53
those
Luke 6:21; James 1:9; 4:6-10; 1 Peter 5:10
exalted
Deuteronomy 33:27; 1 Peter 1:3

Verse 12
He disappointeth the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise.
disappointeth
12:16,17; Nehemiah 4:15; Psalms 33:10,11; 37:17; Proverbs 21:30; Isaiah 8:10; 19:3
their hands
Psalms 21:11; Isaiah 37:36; Acts 12:11; 23:12-22
their enterprise
or, anything.

Verse 13
He taketh the wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward is carried headlong.
taketh
2 Samuel 15:31,34; 17:23; Esther 6:4-11; 7:10; 9:25; Psalms 7:15,16; 9:15,16; Psalms 35:7,8; Luke 1:51; 1 Corinthians 1:19,20
of the froword
Psalms 18:26; Proverbs 3:32

Verse 14
They meet with darkness in the daytime, and grope in the noonday as in the night.
meet with
or, run into. darkness.
12:25; Deuteronomy 28:29; Proverbs 4:19; Isaiah 59:10; Amos 8:9

Verse 15
But he saveth the poor from the sword, from their mouth, and from the hand of the mighty.
he saveth
Psalms 10:14,17; 35:10; 72:4,12,13; 107:41; 109:31; 140:12

Verse 16
So the poor hath hope, and iniquity stoppeth her mouth.
the poor
1 Samuel 2:8,9; Psalms 9:18; Isaiah 14:32; Zechariah 9:12
and
Exodus 11:7; Psalms 63:11; 107:42; Romans 3:19

Verse 17
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty:
happy
Psalms 94:12; Proverbs 3:11,12; Jeremiah 31:18; Hebrews 12:5-11; James 1:12; 5:11; Revelation 3:19

Verse 18
For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole.
Deuteronomy 32:39; 1 Samuel 2:6; Psalms 147:3; Isaiah 30:26

Verse 19
He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee.
deliver thee
Psalms 34:19; 91:3-7; Proverbs 24:16; 1 Corinthians 10:13; 2 Corinthians 1:8; 2 Peter 2:9
no evil
Psalms 91:7-10

Verse 20
In famine he shall redeem thee from death: and in war from the power of the sword.
famine
Genesis 45:7; 1 Kings 17:6; Psalms 33:19; Proverbs 10:3; Isaiah 33:16; Habakkuk 3:17
redeem
Psalms 49:7; Hosea 13:14
in war
Psalms 27:3; Matthew 24:6
the power
Heb. hands.

Verse 21
Thou shalt be hid from the scourge of the tongue: neither shalt thou be afraid of destruction when it cometh.
be hid
Psalms 31:20; 55:21; 57:4; Proverbs 12:18; Isaiah 54:17; Jeremiah 18:18; James 3:5-8
from the scourge
or, when the tongue scourgeth. neither.
Psalms 91:5-7

Verse 22
At destruction and famine thou shalt laugh: neither shalt thou be afraid of the beasts of the earth.
laugh
2 Kings 19:21
afraid
Isaiah 35:9; 65:25; Ezekiel 34:25

Verse 23
For thou shalt be in league with the stones of the field: and the beasts of the field shall be at peace with thee.
thou
Psalms 91:12,13; Hosea 2:18; Romans 8:38,39
beasts
Leviticus 26:6; Ezekiel 14:15,16; Isaiah 11:9; Daniel 6:22

Verse 24
And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle shall be in peace; and thou shalt visit thy habitation, and shalt not sin.
thou shalt know
18:6,15,21; 21:7-9; 1 Samuel 30:3; Isaiah 4:5,6
thy tabernacle, etc
or, peace is thy tabernacle.
Psalms 25:13
thou shalt visit
Deuteronomy 28:6; Psalms 91:10; 121:7,8
sin
or, err.
Psalms 107:4,40

Verse 25
Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be great, and thine offspring as the grass of the earth.
thy seed
42:13-16; Genesis 15:5; Leviticus 26:9; Deuteronomy 28:4; Psalms 112:2; 127:3-5; 128:3-6
great
or, much. as the grass.
Psalms 72:16

Verse 26
Thou shalt come to thy grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season.
in a full age
42:16,17; Genesis 15:15; 25:8; Psalms 91:16; Proverbs 9:11; 10:27
cometh
Heb. ascendeth.

Verse 27
Lo this, we have searched it, so it is; hear it, and know thou it for thy good.
we have searched
8:8-10; 12:2; 15:9,10,17; 32:11,12; Psalms 111:2; Proverbs 2:3-5
for thy good
Heb. for thyself.
22:2; Deuteronomy 10:13; Proverbs 9:12

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-5.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 29th, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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