corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.05.24
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Joel 1

 

 

Introduction
1Joel, declaring sundry judgments of God, exhorts to observe them,
8and to mourn.
14He prescribes a solemn fast to deprecate those judgments.

Verse 1
The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.
word
Jeremiah 1:2; Ezekiel 1:3; Hosea 1:1; 2 Peter 1:21
to
Acts 2:16

Verse 2
Hear this, ye old men, and give ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. Hath this been in your days, or even in the days of your fathers?
Hear
Psalms 49:1; Isaiah 34:1; Jeremiah 5:21; Hosea 5:1; Amos 3:1; 4:1; 5:1; Micah 1:2; Micah 3:1,9; Matthew 13:9; Revelation 2:7
ye old
Job 8:8; 12:12; 15:10; 21:7
Hath
2:2; Deuteronomy 4:32-35; Isaiah 7:17; Jeremiah 30:7; Daniel 12:1; Matthew 24:21

Verse 3
Tell ye your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children another generation.
Exodus 10:1,2; 13:14; Deuteronomy 6:7; Joshua 4:6,7,21,22; Psalms 44:1; 71:18; 78:3-8; Psalms 145:4; Isaiah 38:19

Verse 4
That which the palmerworm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath the caterpiller eaten.
That which the palmer-worm hath left
Heb. The residue of the palmer-worm.
2:25; Amos 4:9; The learned Bochart, and others, are of the opinion that the four Hebrew words, {gazam, yelek, arbeh, chasil}, respectively rendered the palmer-worm, locust, canker-worm and caterpillar, denote four different species of locusts. See on; Exodus 10:4
the locust eaten
Exodus 10:12-15; Deuteronomy 28:38,42; 1 Kings 8:37; 2 Chronicles 6:28; 7:13; Psalms 78:46; 105:34; Amos 7:1; Revelation 9:3-7
the canker-worm eaten
Nahum 3:15-17
the caterpillar
Isaiah 33:4; Jeremiah 51:14,27

Verse 5
Awake, ye drunkards, and weep; and howl, all ye drinkers of wine, because of the new wine; for it is cut off from your mouth.
Awake
Isaiah 24:7-11; Amos 6:3-7; Luke 21:34-36; Romans 13:11-14
weep
11,13; Jeremiah 4:8; Ezekiel 30:2; James 5:1
for
Isaiah 32:10-12; Luke 16:19,23-25

Verse 6
For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth are the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion.
nation
2:2-11,25; Proverbs 30:25-27
my
Psalms 107:34; Isaiah 8:8; 32:13; Hosea 9:3
whose
Proverbs 30:14; Revelation 9:7-10

Verse 7
He hath laid my vine waste, and barked my fig tree: he hath made it clean bare, and cast it away; the branches thereof are made white.
laid
12; Exodus 10:15; Psalms 105:33; Isaiah 5:6; 24:7; Jeremiah 8:13; Hosea 2:12; Habakkuk 3:17
barked my fig-tree
Heb. laid my fig-tree for a barking.

Verse 8
Lament like a virgin girded with sackcloth for the husband of her youth.
Lament
13-15; 2:12-14; Isaiah 22:12; 24:7-12; 32:11; Jeremiah 9:17-19; James 4:8,9; James 5:1
the husband
Proverbs 2:17; Jeremiah 3:4; Malachi 2:15

Verse 9
The meat offering and the drink offering is cut off from the house of the LORD; the priests, the LORD'S ministers, mourn.
meat
13,16; 2:14; Hosea 9:4
the priests
2:17; Lamentations 1:4,16
the Lord's
Exodus 28:1; 2 Chronicles 13:10; Isaiah 61:6

Verse 10
The field is wasted, the land mourneth; for the corn is wasted: the new wine is dried up, the oil languisheth.
field
17-20; Leviticus 26:20; Isaiah 24:3,4; Jeremiah 12:4,11; 14:2-6; Hosea 4:3
the new
5,12; Isaiah 24:11; Jeremiah 48:33; Hosea 9:2; Haggai 1:11
dried up
or, ashamed.

Verse 11
Be ye ashamed, O ye husbandmen; howl, O ye vinedressers, for the wheat and for the barley; because the harvest of the field is perished.
ashamed
Jeremiah 14:3,4; Romans 5:5
because
Isaiah 17:11; Jeremiah 9:12

Verse 12
The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, even all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men.
The vine
Dr. Shaw observes, that in Barbary, in the month of June the locusts are no sooner hatched than they collect themselves into compact bodies, each a "furlong or more square; and marching directly after they are come to life, make their way towards the sea and let nothing escape them, eating up everything that is green or juicy; not only the lesser vegetables, but the vine likewise, the fig-tree, the pomegranate, the palm, and the apple tree, even all the trees of the field."
10; Habakkuk 3:17,18
the pomegranate
Numbers 13:23; Psalms 92:12; Song of Solomon 2:3; 4:13; 7:7-9
joy
16; Psalms 4:7; Isaiah 9:3; 16:10; 24:11; Jeremiah 48:3; Hosea 9:1,2

Verse 13
Gird yourselves, and lament, ye priests: howl, ye ministers of the altar: come, lie all night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: for the meat offering and the drink offering is withholden from the house of your God.
Gird
8,9; 2:17; Jeremiah 4:8; 9:10; Ezekiel 7:18
ye ministers
1 Corinthians 9:13; Hebrews 7:13,14
lie
2 Samuel 12:16; 1 Kings 21:27; Jonah 3:5-8
ye ministers
Isaiah 61:6; 1 Corinthians 4:1; 2 Corinthians 3:6; 6:4; 11:23
for
9; Leviticus 2:8-10; Numbers 29:6

Verse 14
Sanctify ye a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land into the house of the LORD your God, and cry unto the LORD,
Sanctify
2:15,16; 2 Chronicles 20:3,4
solemn assembly
or, day of restraint.
Leviticus 23:36; Nehemiah 8:18
the elders
Deuteronomy 29:10,11; 2 Chronicles 20:13; Nehemiah 9:2,3
cry
Jonah 3:8

Verse 15
Alas for the day! for the day of the LORD is at hand, and as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come.
Alas
2:2; Jeremiah 30:7; Amos 5:16-18
the day of
2:1; Psalms 37:13; Isaiah 13:6-9; Ezekiel 7:2-12; 12:22-28; Zephaniah 1:14-18; Luke 19:41-44; James 5:9; Revelation 6:17

Verse 16
Is not the meat cut off before our eyes, yea, joy and gladness from the house of our God?
the meat
5-9,13; Amos 4:6,7
joy
Deuteronomy 12:6,7,11,12; 16:10-15; Psalms 43:4; 105:3; Isaiah 62:8,9

Verse 17
The seed is rotten under their clods, the garners are laid desolate, the barns are broken down; for the corn is withered.
seed
Heb. grains.
Genesis 23:16

Verse 18
How do the beasts groan! the herds of cattle are perplexed, because they have no pasture; yea, the flocks of sheep are made desolate.
20; 1 Kings 18:5; Jeremiah 12:4; 14:5,6; Hosea 4:3; Romans 8:22

Verse 19
O LORD, to thee will I cry: for the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness, and the flame hath burned all the trees of the field.
to thee
Psalms 50:15; 91:15; Micah 7:7; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Luke 18:1,7; Philippians 4:6,7
the fire
2:3; Jeremiah 9:10; Amos 7:4
pastures
or habitations.

Verse 20
The beasts of the field cry also unto thee: for the rivers of waters are dried up, and the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness.
cry
Job 38:41; Psalms 104:21; 145:15; 147:9
the rivers
1 Kings 17:7; 18:5

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joel 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joel-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, May 24th, 2019
the Fifth Week after Easter
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology