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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Malachi 3

 

 

Introduction
1Of the messenger, majesty, and grace of Christ.
7Of the rebellion,
8sacrilege,
13and infidelity of the people.
16The promise of blessing to them that fear God.

Verse 1
Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
I will
2:7; 4:5; Matthew 11:10,11; Mark 1:2,3; Luke 1:76; 7:26-28; John 1:6,7
and he
Isaiah 40:3-5; Matthew 3:1-3; 17:10-13; Luke 1:16,17; 3:3-6; John 1:15-23,33,34; 3:28-30; Acts 13:24,25; 19:4
and
Psalms 110:1; Isaiah 7:14; 9:6; Haggai 2:7-9; Luke 2:11,21-32,38,46; Luke 7:19,20; 19:47; John 2:14-16
even
Genesis 48:15,16; Exodus 23:20; Isaiah 63:9; Hosea 12:3-5; Acts 7:38
he shall come
Haggai 2:7

Verse 2
But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap:
who may abide
4:1; Amos 5:18-20; Matthew 3:7-12; 21:31-44; 23:13-35; 25:10; Luke 2:34; Luke 3:9,17; 7:23; 11:37-47,52-54; 21:36; John 6:42-44; 8:41-48,55; 9:39-41; 15:22-24; Acts 7:52-54; Romans 9:31-33; Romans 11:5-10; Hebrews 10:28,29; 12:25; 1 Peter 2:7,8; Revelation 1:6,7; 6:17
for
Isaiah 4:4; Zechariah 13:9; Matthew 3:10-12; 1 Corinthians 3:13-15; Revelation 2:23
like fullers'
Psalms 2:7; Isaiah 1:18; Jeremiah 2:22; Mark 9:3; Revelation 1:5; 7:14; 19:8

Verse 3
And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
sit
Psalms 66:10; Proverbs 17:3; 25:4; Isaiah 1:25; 48:10; Jeremiah 6:28-30; Ezekiel 22:18-22; Daniel 12:10; Zechariah 13:9; Luke 3:16; Ephesians 5:26,27; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 12:10; 1 Peter 1:7; 4:12,13; Revelation 3:18
the sons
1:6-10; 2:1-8; Isaiah 61:6; 66:19-21; Jeremiah 33:18-22; Ezekiel 44:15,16; Revelation 1:6; 5:10
an
1:11; Psalms 4:5; 50:14,23; 69:30,31; 107:21,22; 116:17; 141:1,2; Hosea 14:2; John 4:23,24; Romans 12:1; 15:16; Philippians 2:17; 4:18; 2 Timothy 4:6; Hebrews 13:15,16; 1 Peter 2:5,9

Verse 4
Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, as in the days of old, and as in former years.
the offering
Isaiah 1:26,27; 56:7; Jeremiah 30:18-20; 31:23,24; Ezekiel 20:40,41; 43:26,27; Zechariah 8:3; 14:20,21
as
1 Chronicles 15:26; 16:1-3; 21:26; 29:20-22; 2 Chronicles 1:6; 7:1-3,10-12; 2 Chronicles 8:12-14; 29:31-36; 30:21-27; 31:20,21; Jeremiah 2:2,3
former
or, ancient.

Verse 5
And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
I will come
2:17; Psalms 50:3-6; 96:13; 98:9; Ezekiel 34:20-22; Hebrews 10:30,31; James 5:8,9; Jude 1:14,15
a swift
2:14; Psalms 50:7; 81:8; Jeremiah 29:23; Micah 1:2; Matthew 23:14-35
the sorcerers
Leviticus 20:6,10,27; Deuteronomy 5:11,17-21; Jeremiah 7:9,10; Ezekiel 22:6-12; Zechariah 5:3,4; 1 Corinthians 6:9,10; Galatians 5:19-21; Hebrews 13:4; Revelation 21:8; 22:15
against those
Exodus 22:21-24; Leviticus 19:13; Deuteronomy 24:14,15,17; 27:19; Proverbs 22:22,23; 23:10,11; Jeremiah 22:13-17; James 5:4,12
oppress
or, defraud.
1 Thessalonians 4:6
fear
Genesis 20:11; 42:18; Exodus 1:17; 18:21; Nehemiah 5:15; Psalms 36:1; Proverbs 8:13; 16:6; Luke 23:40; Romans 3:8

Verse 6
For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.
I am
Genesis 15:7,18; 22:16; Exodus 3:14,15; Nehemiah 9:7,8; Isaiah 41:13; 42:5-8; 43:11,12; Isaiah 44:6; 45:5-8; Jeremiah 32:27; Hosea 11:9
I change not
Numbers 23:19; 1 Samuel 15:29; Psalms 102:26; Hebrews 6:18; 13:8; James 1:17; Revelation 1:8; Revelation 22:13
therefore
Psalms 78:38,57; 103:17; 105:7-10; Isaiah 40:28-31; Lamentations 3:22,23; Romans 5:10; Romans 8:28-32; 11:28,29; Philippians 1:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14

Verse 7
Even from the days of your fathers ye are gone away from mine ordinances, and have not kept them. Return unto me, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye said, Wherein shall we return?
from the
Deuteronomy 9:7-21; 31:20,27-29; Nehemiah 9:16,17,26,28-30; Psalms 78:8-10; Ezekiel 20:8,13,21,28; Luke 11:48-51; Acts 7:51,52
Return unto me
Leviticus 26:40-42; Deuteronomy 4:29-31; 30:1-4; 1 Kings 8:47-49; Nehemiah 1:8,9; Isaiah 55:6,7; Jeremiah 3:12-14,22; Ezekiel 18:30-32; Hosea 14:1; Zechariah 1:3; James 4:8
Wherein
13; 1:6; Isaiah 65:2; Matthew 23:27; Luke 15:16; Romans 7:9; 10:3,21

Verse 8
Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.
a man
Psalms 29:2; Proverbs 3:9,10; Matthew 22:21; Mark 12:17; Luke 20:25; Romans 13:7
In
1:8,13; Leviticus 5:15,16; 27:2-34; Numbers 18:21-32; Joshua 7:11; Nehemiah 13:4-14; Romans 2:22

Verse 9
Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation.
2:2; Deuteronomy 28:15-19; Joshua 7:12,13; 22:20; Isaiah 43:28; Haggai 1:6-11; 2:14-17

Verse 10
Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.
all
2 Chronicles 31:4-10; Nehemiah 10:33-39; Proverbs 3:9,10
the storehouse
1 Chronicles 26:20; 2 Chronicles 31:11-19; Nehemiah 10:38; 12:44,47; 13:5,10-13
and prove
1 Kings 17:13-16; Psalms 37:3; Haggai 2:19; Matthew 6:33; 2 Corinthians 9:6-8
open
Genesis 7:11; Deuteronomy 28:12; 2 Kings 7:2,19
pour you out
Heb. empty out.
Ecclesiastes 11:3
that there
Leviticus 26:10; 2 Chronicles 31:10; Luke 5:6,7; 12:16,17; John 21:6-11

Verse 11
And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.
rebuke
Joel 2:20; Amos 4:9; 7:1-3; Haggai 2:17
destroy
Heb. corrupt. neither.
Deuteronomy 11:14; Jeremiah 8:13; Joel 1:7,12; 2:22; Habakkuk 3:17; Zechariah 8:12

Verse 12
And all nations shall call you blessed: for ye shall be a delightsome land, saith the LORD of hosts.
all
Deuteronomy 4:6,7; 2 Chronicles 32:23; Psalms 72:17; Isaiah 61:9; Jeremiah 33:9; Zephaniah 3:19,20; Zechariah 8:23; Luke 1:48
a delightsome
Deuteronomy 8:7-10; 11:12; Daniel 8:9; 11:41

Verse 13
Your words have been stout against me, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, What have we spoken so much against thee?
Your
2:17; Exodus 5:2; 2 Chronicles 32:14-19; Job 34:7,8; Psalms 10:11; Isaiah 5:19; 28:14,15; Isaiah 37:23; 2 Thessalonians 2:4
What
8; 1:6-8; 2:14,17; Job 40:8; Jeremiah 8:12; Romans 9:20

Verse 14
Ye have said, It is vain to serve God: and what profit is it that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before the LORD of hosts?
It is
Job 21:14,15; 22:17; 34:9; 35:3; Psalms 73:8-13; Isaiah 58:3; Zephaniah 1:12
ordinance
Heb. observation. and that.
Isaiah 58:3; Joel 2:12; Zechariah 7:3-6; James 4:9
mournfully
Heb. in black.

Verse 15
And now we call the proud happy; yea, they that work wickedness are set up; yea, they that tempt God are even delivered.
we call
4:1; Esther 5:10; Psalms 10:3; 49:18; 73:12; Daniel 4:30,37; 5:20-28; Acts 12:21; 1 Peter 5:5
yea
2:17; Job 12:6; 21:7-15,30; Proverbs 12:12; Ecclesiastes 9:1,2; Jeremiah 12:1,2; Habakkuk 1:13-17
set
Heb. built.
Job 22:23
they that tempt
Numbers 14:22,23; Daniel 6:16; Psalms 78:18,41,56; 95:9; 106:14; Matthew 4:6,7; Acts 5:9; 1 Corinthians 10:9; Hebrews 3:9

Verse 16
Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.
that feared
5; 4:2; Genesis 22:12; 1 Kings 18:3,12; Job 28:28; Psalms 33:18; 111:10; 112:1; Psalms 147:11; Isaiah 50:10; Acts 9:31; 10:2; Revelation 15:4
spake
Deuteronomy 6:6-8; 1 Samuel 23:16-18; Esther 4:5-17; Psalms 16:3; 66:16; 73:15-17; 119:63; Proverbs 13:20; Ezekiel 9:4; Daniel 2:17,18; Luke 2:38; 24:14-31; John 1:40-47; John 12:20-22; Acts 1:13; 2:1; 4:23-30; Ephesians 5:19; 1 Thessalonians 5:11,14; Hebrews 3:13; Hebrews 10:24; 12:15
and the
2 Samuel 7:1; 2 Chronicles 6:7; Psalms 139:4; Matthew 18:19,20; Acts 4:31-33
a book
Esther 2:23; 6:1; Job 19:23-25; Psalms 56:8; Isaiah 65:6; Daniel 7:10; Matthew 12:35-37; Revelation 20:12
that thought
Psalms 10:4; 20:7; 94:19; 104:33; Isaiah 26:3,8; Hebrews 4:12,13

Verse 17
And they shall be mine, saith the LORD of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him.
they shall
Song of Solomon 2:16; Jeremiah 31:33; 32:38,39; Ezekiel 16:8; 36:27,28; Zechariah 13:9; John 10:27-30; 17:9,10,24; 1 Corinthians 3:22,23; 6:20; 15:23; Galatians 5:24; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-10; Revelation 20:12-15
jewels
or, special treasure.
Exodus 19:5; Deuteronomy 7:6; 14:2; 26:17,18; Psalms 135:4; Isaiah 62:3,4; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:9
and I
Nehemiah 13:22; Psalms 103:8-13; Isaiah 26:20,21; Jeremiah 31:20; Zephaniah 2:2; Matthew 25:34; Romans 8:32; 2 Corinthians 6:18; 1 John 3:1-3
son
1:6; 1 Peter 1:13-16

Verse 18
Then shall ye return, and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth God and him that serveth him not.
shall
14,15; 1:4; Job 6:29; 17:10; Jeremiah 12:15; Joel 2:14; Zechariah 1:6
discern
Genesis 18:25; Psalms 58:10,11; Isaiah 3:10,11; Daniel 12:1-3; Matthew 25:46; Romans 2:5,6; 2 Thessalonians 1:5-10
between him
Joshua 24:15; Daniel 3:17-26; John 12:26; Acts 16:17; 27:23; Romans 1:9,; 1 Thessalonians 1:9

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Malachi 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/malachi-3.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, August 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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