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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Matthew 2

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1The wise men from the east enquire after Christ;
3at which Herod is alarmed.
9They are directed by a star to Bethlehem, worship him, and offer their presents.
13Joseph flees into Egypt with Jesus and his mother.
16Herod slays the children;
20himself dies.
23Christ is brought back again into Galilee to Nazareth.

Verse 1
Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
Jesus
1:25; Luke 2:4-7
Bethlehem
5; Micah 5:2; Luke 2:11,15; John 7:42
Herod
This was Herod the Great, for an account of whom see the Connection of the Old and New Testaments in the Comprehensive Bible.
3,19; Genesis 49:10; Daniel 9:24,25; Haggai 2:6-9
from
Genesis 10:30; 25:6; 1 Kings 4:30; Job 1:3; Psalms 72:9-12; Isaiah 11:10; 60:1-22

Verse 2
Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.
born
21:5; Psalms 2:6; Isaiah 9:6,7; 32:1,2; Jeremiah 23:5; Zechariah 9:9; Luke 2:11; 19:38; Luke 23:3,38; John 1:49; 12:13; 18:37; 19:12-15,19
his
Numbers 24:17; Isaiah 60:3; Luke 1:78,79; Revelation 22:16
worship
10,11; Psalms 45:11; John 5:23; 9:38; 20:28; Hebrews 1:6

Verse 3
When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.
he
8:29; 23:37; 1 Kings 18:17,18; John 11:47,48; Acts 4:2,24-27; 5:24-28; Acts 16:20,21; 17:6,7

Verse 4
And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.
the chief
21:15,23; 26:3,47; 27:1; 1 Chronicles 24:4-19; 2 Chronicles 36:14; Ezra 10:5; Nehemiah 12:7; Psalms 2:2; John 7:32; 18:3
scribes
7:29; 13:52; 2 Chronicles 34:13,15; Ezra 7:6,11,12; Jeremiah 8:8; Mark 8:31; Luke 20:19; Luke 23:10; John 8:3; Acts 4:5; 6:12; 23:9
he demanded
Malachi 2:7; John 3:10

Verse 5
And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet,
Genesis 35:19; Joshua 19:15; Ruth 1:1,19; 2:4; 4:11; 1 Samuel 16:1

Verse 6
And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.
thou
1; Micah 5:2; John 7:42
a Governor
28:18; Genesis 49:10; Numbers 24:19; 1 Chronicles 5:2; Psalms 2:1-6; Isaiah 9:6,7; Ephesians 1:22; Colossians 1:18; Revelation 2:27; 11:15
rule
or, feed.
Psalms 78:71,72; Isaiah 40:11; Jeremiah 23:4-6; Ezekiel 34:23-25; 37:24-26

Verse 7
Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, enquired of them diligently what time the star appeared.
26:3-5; Exodus 1:10; 1 Samuel 18:21; Psalms 10:9,10; 55:21; 64:4-6; 83:3,4; Isaiah 7:5-7; Ezekiel 38:10,11; Revelation 12:1-5,15

Verse 8
And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also.
go
1 Samuel 23:22,23; 2 Samuel 17:14; 1 Kings 19:2; Job 5:12,13; Psalms 33:10,11; Proverbs 21:30; Lamentations 3:37; 1 Corinthians 3:19,20
that
26:48,49; 2 Samuel 15:7-12; 2 Kings 10:18,19; Ezra 4:1,2; Psalms 12:2,3; Psalms 55:11-15; Proverbs 26:24,25; Jeremiah 41:5-7; Luke 20:20,21

Verse 9
When they had heard the king, they departed; and, lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was.
the star
2; Psalms 25:12; Proverbs 2:1-6; 8:17; 2 Peter 1:19

Verse 10
When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.
they rejoiced
Deuteronomy 32:13; Psalms 67:4; 105:3; Luke 2:10,20; Acts 13:46-48; Romans 15:9-13

Verse 11
And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.
they saw
Luke 2:16,26-32,38
worshipped
2; 4:9,10; 14:33; Psalms 2:12; 95:6; John 5:22,23; Acts 10:25,26; Revelation 19:10; Revelation 22:8-10
presented
or, offered.
Genesis 43:11; 1 Samuel 10:27; 1 Kings 10:2,10; Psalms 72:10,15; Isaiah 60:6
frankincense
Exodus 30:23,34; Leviticus 2:1,2; 6:15; Numbers 7:14,86; Psalms 45:8; Malachi 1:11; Revelation 5:8

Verse 12
And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way.
warned
22; 1:20; 27:19; Genesis 20:6,7; 31:24; Job 33:15-17; Daniel 2:19
they departed
Exodus 1:17; Acts 4:19; 5:29; 1 Corinthians 3:19

Verse 13
And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
the angel
19; 1:20; Acts 5:19; 10:7,22; 12:11; Hebrews 1:13,14
Arise
10:23; Revelation 12:6,14
until
19,20; Joshua 3:13,17; 4:10,18; Daniel 3:25,26; Acts 16:36
for
16; Exodus 1:22; 2:2,3; Job 33:15,17; Acts 7:19; Revelation 12:4

Verse 14
When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt:
20,21; 1:24; Acts 26:21

Verse 15
And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.
until
19; Acts 12:1-4,23,24
that
17,23; 1:22; 4:14,15; 8:17; 12:16-18; 21:4; 26:54,56; 27:35; Luke 24:44; John 19:28,36; Acts 1:16
Out
Exodus 4:22; Numbers 24:8; Hosea 11:1

Verse 16
Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.
when
Genesis 39:14,17; Numbers 22:29; 24:10; Judges 16:10; Job 12:4
was exceeding
Proverbs 27:3,4; Daniel 3:13,19,20
and slew
Genesis 49:7; 2 Kings 8:12; Proverbs 28:15,17; Isaiah 26:21; 59:7; Hosea 10:14; Revelation 17:6
according

Verse 17

Matthew href="/desk/?q=mt+2:15&sr=1">Matthew 2:15


Verse 18
In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.
Rama
Jeremiah 31:15
Ramah
lamentation.
Jeremiah 4:31; 9:17-21; Ezekiel 2:10; Revelation 8:13
Rachel
Genesis 35:16-20
would
Genesis 37:30,33-35; 42:36; Job 14:10

Verse 19
But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,
Herod
Psalms 76:10; Isaiah 51:12; Daniel 8:25; 11:45
an
13; 1:20; Psalms 139:7; Jeremiah 30:10; Ezekiel 11:16

Verse 20
Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child's life.
arise
13; Proverbs 3:5,6
for
Exodus 4:19; 1 Kings 11:21,40; 12:1-3

Verse 21
And he arose, and took the young child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel.
Genesis 6:22; Hebrews 11:8

Verse 22
But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding, being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee:
he was
Genesis 19:17-21; 1 Samuel 16:2; Acts 9:13,14
being
12; 1:20; Psalms 48:14; 73:24; 107:6,7; 121:8; Isaiah 30:21; 48:17,18
into
3:13; Luke 2:39; John 7:41,42,52

Verse 23
And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene.
Nazareth
John 18:5,7; 19:19; Acts 2:22
He shall
26:71; Numbers 6:13; Judges 13:5; 1 Samuel 1:11; Psalms 69:9,10; Isaiah 53:1,2; Amos 2:10-12; John 1:45,46; Acts 24:5

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/matthew-2.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 11th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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