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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Matthew 9

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1Christ cures one sick of the palsy;
9calls Matthew from the receipt of custom;
10eats with publicans and sinners;
14defends his disciples for not fasting;
20cures the bloody issue;
23raises from death Jairus' daughter;
27gives sight to two blind men;
32heals a dumb man possessed of a devil;
36and has compassion on the multitude.

Verse 1
And he entered into a ship, and passed over, and came into his own city.
he
7:6; 8:18,23; Mark 5:21; Luke 8:37; Revelation 22:11
his
4:13

Verses 1-8
And he entered into a ship, and passed over, and came into his own city.
he
7:6; 8:18,23; Mark 5:21; Luke 8:37; Revelation 22:11
his
4:13

Verse 2
And, behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy; Son, be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee.
they brought
4:24; 8:16; Mark 1:32; 2:1-3; Luke 5:18,19; Acts 5:15,16; 19:12
seeing
8:10; Mark 2:4,5; Luke 5:19,20; John 2:25; Acts 14:9; James 2:18
Son
22; Mark 5:34; John 21:5
be
Psalms 32:1,2; Ecclesiastes 9:7; Isaiah 40:1,2; 44:22; Jeremiah 31:33,34; Luke 5:20; 7:47-50; Acts 13:38,39; Romans 4:6-8; 5:11; Colossians 1:12-14
thy sins
Rather, "thy sins are forgiven thee;" the words being an affirmation, not a prayer or wish. The word be, however, was used by our translators in the indicative plural for are. As the palsy is frequently produced by intemperance, it is probable, from our Lord's gracious declaration, that it was the case in the present instance.

Verse 3
And, behold, certain of the scribes said within themselves, This man blasphemeth.
certain
7:29; Mark 2:6,7; 7:21; Luke 5:21; 7:39,40
This
26:65; Leviticus 24:16; Mark 14:64; John 10:33-36; Acts 6:11-13

Verse 4
And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?
knowing
12:25; 16:7,8; Psalms 44:21; 139:2; Mark 2:8; 8:16,17; 12:15; Luke 5:22; Luke 6:8; 7:40; 9:46,47; 11:17; John 2:24,25; 6:61,64; 16:19,30; 21:17; Hebrews 4:12,13; Revelation 2:23
Wherefore
Ezekiel 38:10; Acts 5:3,4,9; 8:20-22

Verse 5
For whether is easier, to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and walk?
whether
Mark 2:9-12; Luke 5:23-25
Arise
Isaiah 35:5,6; John 5:8-14,17,18; Acts 3:6-11,16; 4:9,10; 9:34; 14:8-11

Verse 6
But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up thy bed, and go unto thine house.
that the
Isaiah 43:25; Micah 7:18; Mark 2:7,10; Luke 5:21; John 5:21-23; 10:28; 17:2; John 20:21-23; Acts 5:31; 7:59,60; 2 Corinthians 2:10; 5:20; Ephesians 4:32; Colossians 3:13
Arise
5; Luke 13:11-13; Acts 9:34

Verse 8
But when the multitudes saw it, they marvelled, and glorified God, which had given such power unto men.
when
12:23; 15:31; Mark 2:12; 7:37; Luke 5:26; 7:16
and
15:31; Luke 5:25; 17:15; 23:47; Acts 4:21; Galatians 1:24

Verse 9
And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him.
named
21:31,32; Mark 2:14-17; Luke 5:27,28
Levi
Luke 15:1,2; 19:2-10
Follow
4:18-22; 1 Kings 19:19-21; Galatians 1:16

Verses 9-13
And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him.
named
21:31,32; Mark 2:14-17; Luke 5:27,28
Levi
Luke 15:1,2; 19:2-10
Follow
4:18-22; 1 Kings 19:19-21; Galatians 1:16

Verse 10
And it came to pass, as Jesus sat at meat in the house, behold, many publicans and sinners came and sat down with him and his disciples.
as
Mark 2:15,16,17; Luke 5:29-32
many
5:46,47; John 9:31; 1 Timothy 1:13-16

Verse 11
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners?
they said
Mark 2:16; 9:14-16
Why
11:19; Isaiah 65:5; Luke 5:30; 15:1,2; 19:7; 1 Corinthians 5:9-11; Galatians 2:15; Hebrews 5:2; 2 John 1:10

Verse 12
But when Jesus heard that, he said unto them, They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick.
They that be whole
Psalms 6:2; 41:4; 147:3; Jeremiah 17:14; 30:17; 33:6; Hosea 14:4; Mark 2:17; Luke 5:31; Luke 8:43; 9:11; 18:11-13; Romans 7:9-24; Revelation 3:17,18

Verse 13
But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
go
12:3,5,7; 19:4; 21:42; 22:31,32; Mark 12:26; Luke 10:26; John 10:34
I will
Proverbs 21:3; Hosea 6:6; Micah 6:6-8
to call
18:11-13; Mark 2:17; Luke 5:32; 15:3-10; 19:10; Romans 3:10-24; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 1 Timothy 1:13-16
but
3:2,8; 4:17; 11:20,21; 21:28-32; Isaiah 55:6,7; Luke 15:7; 24:47; Acts 2:38; 3:19; 5:31; 11:18; 17:30,31; 20:21; 26:18-20; Romans 2:4-6; 1 Timothy 1:15; 2 Timothy 2:25,26; 2 Peter 3:9

Verse 14
Then came to him the disciples of John, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees fast oft, but thy disciples fast not?
the disciples
11:2; John 3:25; 4:1
Why
6:16; 11:18,19; Proverbs 20:6; Mark 2:18-22; Luke 5:33-39; 18:9-12

Verses 14-17
Then came to him the disciples of John, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees fast oft, but thy disciples fast not?
the disciples
11:2; John 3:25; 4:1
Why
6:16; 11:18,19; Proverbs 20:6; Mark 2:18-22; Luke 5:33-39; 18:9-12

Verse 15
And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then shall they fast.
Can
25:1-10; Judges 14:11-20; Psalms 45:14,15; John 3:29; Revelation 19:9; 21:2
when
Luke 24:13-21; John 16:6,20-22; Acts 1:9,10
and then
Isaiah 22:12; Acts 13:1-3; 14:23; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Corinthians 11:27

Verse 16
No man putteth a piece of new cloth unto an old garment, for that which is put in to fill it up taketh from the garment, and the rent is made worse.
new cloth
or, raw, or unwrought cloth. for.
Genesis 33:14; Psalms 125:3; Isaiah 40:11; John 16:12; 1 Corinthians 3:1,2; 13:13

Verse 17
Neither do men put new wine into old bottles: else the bottles break, and the wine runneth out, and the bottles perish: but they put new wine into new bottles, and both are preserved.
old
Joshua 9:4; Job 32:19; Psalms 119:83

Verse 18
While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.
behold
Mark 5:22-43; Luke 8:41-56
ruler
Luke 8:49; 13:14; 18:18; Acts 13:15
worshipped
8:2; 14:33; 15:25; 17:14; 20:20; 28:17; Mark 5:22; Luke 17:15,16; Acts 10:25,26
My daughter
24; Mark 5:23; Luke 7:2; 8:42,49; John 4:47-49
come
8:8,9; 2 Kings 5:11; John 11:21,22,25,32

Verses 18-26
While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.
behold
Mark 5:22-43; Luke 8:41-56
ruler
Luke 8:49; 13:14; 18:18; Acts 13:15
worshipped
8:2; 14:33; 15:25; 17:14; 20:20; 28:17; Mark 5:22; Luke 17:15,16; Acts 10:25,26
My daughter
24; Mark 5:23; Luke 7:2; 8:42,49; John 4:47-49
come
8:8,9; 2 Kings 5:11; John 11:21,22,25,32

Verse 19
And Jesus arose, and followed him, and so did his disciples.
8:7; John 4:34; Acts 10:38; Galatians 6:9,10

Verse 20
And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind him, and touched the hem of his garment:
behold
Mark 5:25-43; Luke 8:43-56
an issue
Leviticus 15:25-33
touched
14:36; Mark 5:28; 6:56; 8:22; Acts 5:15; 19:12
hem
23:5; Numbers 15:38,39; Deuteronomy 22:12; Luke 8:44

Verse 21
For she said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole.
If
Mark 5:26-33; Luke 8:45-47; Acts 19:12

Verse 22
But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour.
Daughter
2; Mark 5:34; Luke 8:48
thy
29; Mark 10:52; Luke 7:50; 17:19; 18:42; Acts 14:9; Hebrews 4:2
from
17:18; John 4:53; Acts 16:18

Verse 23
And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels and the people making a noise,
into
18,19; Mark 5:35-38; Luke 8:49-51
the minstrels
11:17; 2 Chronicles 35:25; Jeremiah 9:17-20; Mark 5:38-40; Luke 7:32; Acts 9:39

Verse 24
He said unto them, Give place: for the maid is not dead, but sleepeth. And they laughed him to scorn.
Give
1 Kings 17:18-24; Acts 9:40; 20:10
not
John 11:4,11-13
And
27:39-43; Psalms 22:6,7; Isaiah 49:7; 53:3

Verse 25
But when the people were put forth, he went in, and took her by the hand, and the maid arose.
the people
2 Kings 4:32-36; Acts 9:40,41
and took
Mark 1:31; 5:41; 8:23; 9:27; Luke 8:54

Verse 26
And the fame hereof went abroad into all that land.
the fame hereof
or, this fame.
4:24; 14:1,2; Mark 1:45; 6:14; Acts 26:26

Verse 27
And when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, crying, and saying, Thou Son of David, have mercy on us.
two
11:5; 12:22; 20:30; Mark 8:22,23; 10:46; Luke 7:21; John 9:1-12
Thou
12:23; 15:22; 20:30,31; 21:9,15; 22:41-45; Mark 10:47,48; 11:10; Mark 12:35-37; Luke 18:38,39; 20:41; John 7:42; Romans 1:3; 9:5
have
17:15; Mark 9:22; Luke 17:13

Verse 28
And when he was come into the house, the blind men came to him: and Jesus saith unto them, Believe ye that I am able to do this? They said unto him, Yea, Lord.
come
8:14; 13:36
Believe
22; 8:2; 13:58; Mark 9:23,24; John 4:48-50; 11:26,40

Verse 29
Then touched he their eyes, saying, According to your faith be it unto you.
touched
20:34; John 9:6,7
According
8:6,7,13; 15:28; Mark 10:52

Verse 30
And their eyes were opened; and Jesus straitly charged them, saying, See that no man know it.
their
Psalms 146:8; Isaiah 35:5; 42:7; 52:13; John 9:7-26
straitly
8:4; 12:16; 17:9; Mark 5:43; Luke 5:14; 8:56

Verse 31
But they, when they were departed, spread abroad his fame in all that country.
spread
Mark 1:44,45; 7:36

Verse 32
As they went out, behold, they brought to him a dumb man possessed with a devil.
a dumb
12:22,23; Mark 9:17-27; Luke 11:14

Verse 33
And when the devil was cast out, the dumb spake: and the multitudes marvelled, saying, It was never so seen in Israel.
the dumb
15:30,31; Exodus 4:11,12; Isaiah 35:6; Mark 7:32-37; Luke 11:14
It
2 Kings 5:8; Psalms 76:1; Jeremiah 32:20; Luke 7:9

Verse 34
But the Pharisees said, He casteth out devils through the prince of the devils.
12:23,24; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15; John 3:20

Verse 35
And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease among the people.
4:23,24; 11:1,5; Mark 1:32-39; 6:6,56; Luke 4:43,44; 13:22; Acts 2:22; 10:38

Verse 36
But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.
when
14:14; 15:32; Mark 6:34; Hebrews 4:15; 5:2
fainted, etc
or, were tired and lay down. as.
10:6; 15:24; Numbers 27:17; 1 Kings 22:17; 2 Chronicles 18:16; Isaiah 56:9-11; Jeremiah 50:6; Ezekiel 34:3-6; Zechariah 10:2; 11:16; 13:7,8

Verse 37
Then saith he unto his disciples, The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few;
The harvest
28:19; Mark 16:15; Luke 10:2; 24:47; John 4:35,36; Acts 16:9; 18:10
but
Psalms 68:11; 1 Corinthians 3:9; 2 Corinthians 6:1; Philippians 2:19-21; Colossians 4:11; 1 Thessalonians 5:12,13; 1 Timothy 5:17

Verse 38
Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest.
Pray
Luke 6:12,13; Acts 13:2; 2 Thessalonians 3:1
the Lord
10:1-3; John 20:21; Ephesians 4:11
that
Psalms 68:11,18; Jeremiah 3:15; Micah 5:7; Luke 10:1,2; Acts 8:4; 1 Corinthians 12:28

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 9:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/matthew-9.html.

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Wednesday, May 22nd, 2019
the Fifth Week after Easter
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