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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 1

 

 

Introduction
1The use of the proverbs.
7An exhortation to fear God, and believe his word;
10to avoid the enticings of sinners.
20Wisdom complains of her contempt.
24She threatens her contemners.

Verse 1
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;
proverbs
10:1; 25:1; 1 Kings 4:31,32; Ecclesiastes 12:9; John 16:25
Solomon
2 Samuel 12:24,25; 1 Kings 2:12; 1 Chronicles 22:9; 28:5; 29:28

Verse 2
To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding;
4:5-7; 7:4; 8:5; 16:16; 17:16; Deuteronomy 4:5,6; 1 Kings 3:9-12; 2 Timothy 3:15-17

Verse 3
To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity;
receive
2:1-9; 8:10,11; Job 22:22
equity
Heb. equities.
1 Kings 3:28

Verse 4
To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.
subtilty
22,23; 8:5; 9:4-6; Psalms 19:7; 119:130; Isaiah 35:8
to the
7:7-24; 8:17,32; Psalms 34:11; 119:9; Ecclesiastes 11:9,10; 12:1; 2 Timothy 2:22; Titus 2:6
discretion
or, advisement.

Verse 5
A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels:
wise
9:9; 12:1; Job 34:10,16,34; Psalms 119:98-100; 1 Corinthians 10:15
a man
1 Samuel 25:32,33; 2 Chronicles 25:16

Verse 6
To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.
a proverb
Matthew 13:10-17,51,52; Mark 4:11,34; Acts 8:30,31
the interpretation
or, an eloquent speech. the words.
Ecclesiastes 12:11
dark
Psalms 49:4; 78:2; Matthew 13:34,35; Hebrews 5:14; 2 Peter 3:16

Verse 7
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.
fear
9:10; Job 28:28; Psalms 111:10; 112:1; Ecclesiastes 12:13
beginning
or, principal part. but.
22,29,30; 5:12,13; 15:5; 18:2; John 3:18-21; Romans 1:28

Verse 8
My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:
My son
10,15; 2:1; 3:1; 7:1; Matthew 9:2,22
hear
4:1-4; 5:1,2; 6:20; 30:17; 31:1; Leviticus 19:3; Deuteronomy 21:18-21; 1 Samuel 2:25; 2 Timothy 1:5

Verse 9
For they shall be an ornament of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck.
they
3:22; 4:9; 6:20,21; 1 Timothy 2:9,10; 1 Peter 3:3,4
an ornament
Heb. an adding.
Genesis 41:42; Song of Solomon 1:10; 4:9; Isaiah 3:19; Ezekiel 16:11; Daniel 5:7,16,29

Verse 10
My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not.
7:21-23; 13:20; 20:19; Genesis 39:7-13; Judges 16:16-21; Psalms 1:1; 50:18; Romans 16:18; Ephesians 5:11

Verse 11
If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause:
let us lay
16; 12:6; 30:14; Psalms 56:6; 64:5,6; Jeremiah 5:26; Micah 7:2; Acts 23:15; 25:3
let us lurk
18; Psalms 10:8-10; 17:12; 35:7; Jeremiah 11:19; 18:18-20; Matthew 26:3,4; John 15:25

Verse 12
Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:
swallow
Psalms 35:25; 56:1,2; 57:3; 124:3; Jeremiah 51:34; Lamentations 2:5,16; Micah 3:2,3
as the
Psalms 5:9; Romans 3:13
whole
Numbers 16:30-33; 26:10; Psalms 28:1; 143:7

Verse 13
We shall find all precious substance, we shall fill our houses with spoil:
19; Job 24:2,3; Isaiah 10:13,14; Jeremiah 22:16,17; Nahum 2:12; Haggai 2:9; Luke 12:15; 1 Timothy 6:9,10; Revelation 18:9-16

Verse 15
My son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path:
walk
4:14,15; 9:6; 13:20; Psalms 1:1; 26:4,5; 2 Corinthians 6:17
refrain
4:27; 5:8; Psalms 119:101; Jeremiah 14:10

Verse 16
For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.
4:16; 6:18; Isaiah 59:7; Romans 3:5

Verse 17
Surely in vain the net is spread in the sight of any bird.
in vain
7:23; Job 35:11; Isaiah 1:3; Jeremiah 8:7
sight of any bird
Heb. eyes of everything that hath a wing.

Verse 18
And they lay wait for their own blood; they lurk privily for their own lives.
5:22,23; 9:17,18; 28:17; Esther 7:10; Psalms 7:14-16; 9:16; 55:23; Matthew 27:4,5

Verse 19
So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; which taketh away the life of the owners thereof.
every
15:27; 23:3,4; 2 Samuel 18:11-13; 2 Kings 5:20-27; Jeremiah 22:17-19; Micah 2:1-3; Micah 3:10-12; Habakkuk 2:9; Acts 8:19,20; 1 Timothy 3:3; 6:9,10; James 5:1-4; 2 Peter 2:3,14-16
taketh
Job 31:39; Ecclesiastes 5:13

Verse 20
Wisdom crieth without; she uttereth her voice in the streets:
Wisdom
Heb. Wisdoms, that is, excellent wisdom.
Matthew 13:54; Luke 11:49; 1 Corinthians 1:24,30; Colossians 2:3
crieth
8:1-5; 9:3; John 7:37

Verse 21
She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying,
9:3; Matthew 10:27; 13:2; John 18:20; Acts 5:20

Verse 22
How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?
How
6:9; Exodus 10:3; 16:28; Numbers 14:27; Matthew 17:17
ye simple
7:7; 9:4-6,16-18; Psalms 94:8; Matthew 9:13; 11:29,30; 23:37; Luke 19:42; Revelation 22:17
the scorners
3:34; 14:6; 15:12; 19:29; 21:11; Job 34:7; Psalms 1:1; 2 Peter 3:3
fools
7,29; 5:12; John 3:20

Verse 23
Turn you at my reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you.
Turn
Isaiah 55:1-3,6,7; Jeremiah 3:14; Ezekiel 18:27-30; 33:11; Hosea 14:1; Acts 3:19; Acts 26:20
my reproof
25,30; 6:23; 10:17; 12:1; 29:1; Psalms 145:1; Revelation 3:19
behold
Isaiah 32:15; 45:8; Joel 2:28; Zechariah 12:10; Luke 11:13; John 7:36,37; Acts 2:36-38; Revelation 3:16-18

Verse 24
Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded;
I have called
Isaiah 50:2; 65:12; 66:4; Jeremiah 7:13; Ezekiel 8:18; Zechariah 7:11,12; Matthew 22:5,6; Matthew 23:37,38; Hebrews 12:25,26
stretched
Psalms 31:20; Acts 4:30; Romans 10:21

Verse 25
But ye have set at nought all my counsel, and would none of my reproof:
ye
30; 2 Chronicles 36:16; Psalms 107:11; Luke 7:30
would
30; 5:12; 12:1; Psalms 81:11

Verse 26
I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear cometh;
Judges 10:14; Psalms 2:4; 37:13; Luke 14:24

Verse 27
When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you.
your fear
3:25,26; 10:24,25; Psalms 69:22-28; Luke 21:26,34,35; 1 Thessalonians 5:3; Revelation 6:15-17
as a
Psalms 58:9; Isaiah 17:13; Nahum 1:3
distress
Luke 21:23-25; Romans 2:9

Verse 28
Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me:
shall they
Genesis 6:3; Job 27:9; 35:12; Psalms 18:41; Isaiah 1:15; Jeremiah 11:11; 14:12; Ezekiel 8:18; Micah 3:4; Zechariah 7:13; Matthew 7:22,23; 25:10-12; Luke 13:25-28; James 4:3
they shall seek
Psalms 78:34-36; Hosea 5:15; 6:1-4

Verse 29
For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:
that
22; 5:12; 6:23; Job 21:14,15; Psalms 50:16,17; Isaiah 27:11; 30:9-12; John 3:20; Acts 7:51-54
not
Luke 10:42; Hebrews 11:25

Verse 30
They would none of my counsel: they despised all my reproof.
25; Psalms 81:11; 119:111,173; Jeremiah 8:9; Luke 14:18-20

Verse 31
Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
14:14; 22:8; Job 4:8; Isaiah 3:10,11; Jeremiah 2:19; 6:19; Galatians 6:7,8

Verse 32
For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them.
the turning
8:36; John 3:36; Hebrews 10:38,39; 12:25
and the
Deuteronomy 32:15-44; Psalms 69:22; 92:6,7; Luke 12:16-21; 16:19-25; Hebrews 12:8; James 5:5
prosperity
or, ease.
Jeremiah 48:11,12

Verse 33
But whoso hearkeneth unto me shall dwell safely, and shall be quiet from fear of evil.
whoso
8:32-35; 9:11; Psalms 25:12,13; 81:13; Isaiah 48:18; 55:3; Matthew 17:5; John 10:27-29; 1 Peter 1:5
and shall
3:21-26; 14:26; Psalms 112:7; Isaiah 26:3; Luke 21:9,19; Romans 8:35-39

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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