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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 20

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.
23:29-35; 31:4; Genesis 9:21-23; 19:31-36; 1 Samuel 25:36-38; 2 Samuel 11:13; 2 Samuel 13:28; 1 Kings 20:16-21; Isaiah 28:7; Hosea 4:11; 7:5; Habakkuk 2:15,16; 1 Corinthians 6:10; Galatians 5:21; Ephesians 5:18

Verse 2
The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own soul.
fear
16:14,15; 19:12; Ecclesiastes 10:4; Hosea 11:10; Amos 3:8
sinneth
8:36; 1 Kings 2:23

Verse 3
It is an honour for a man to cease from strife: but every fool will be meddling.
an
14:29; 16:32; 17:14; 19:11; 25:8-10; Ephesians 1:6-8; 4:32; 5:1
but
14:17; 18:6; 21:24; 2 Kings 14:9; James 3:14; 4:1

Verse 4
The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing.
sluggard
10:4; 19:15,24; 26:13-16
cold
or, winter. therefore.
6:10,11; 19:15; 24:34; Matthew 25:3-10,24-28; 2 Peter 1:5-11

Verse 5
Counsel in the heart of man is like deep water; but a man of understanding will draw it out.
18:4; Psalms 64:6; 1 Corinthians 2:11

Verse 6
Most men will proclaim every one his own goodness: but a faithful man who can find?
proclaim
25:14; 27:2; Matthew 6:2; Luke 18:8,11,28; 22:33; 2 Corinthians 12:11
goodness
or, bounty. but.
Psalms 12:1; Ecclesiastes 7:28; Jeremiah 5:1; Micah 7:2; Luke 18:8; John 1:47

Verse 7
The just man walketh in his integrity: his children are blessed after him.
just
14:2; 19:1; Psalms 15:2; 26:1,11; Isaiah 33:15; Luke 1:6; 2 Corinthians 1:12; Titus 2:11,12; 3 John 1:3,4
his children
13:22; Genesis 17:7; Psalms 37:26; 112:2; Jeremiah 32:39; Acts 2:39

Verse 8
A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.
26; 16:12; 29:14; 1 Samuel 23:3,4; 2 Samuel 23:4; Psalms 72:4; 92:9; 99:4; 101:6-8; Isaiah 32:1

Verse 9
Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?
1 Kings 8:46; 2 Chronicles 6:36; Job 14:4; 15:14; 25:4; Psalms 51:5; Ecclesiastes 7:20; 1 Corinthians 4:4; James 3:2; 1 John 1:8-10

Verse 10
Divers weights, and divers measures, both of them are alike abomination to the LORD.
Divers weights, and divers measures
Heb. a stone and a stone, an ephah and an ephah.
Deuteronomy 25:13
both
23; 11:1; 16:11; Leviticus 19:35; Deuteronomy 25:13-15; Amos 8:4-7; Micah 6:10,11
abomination
Deuteronomy 7:25,26; Revelation 21:8

Verse 11
Even a child is known by his doings, whether his work be pure, and whether it be right.
21:8; 22:15; Psalms 51:5; 58:3; Matthew 7:16; Luke 1:15,66; 2:46,47; 6:43,44

Verse 12
The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the LORD hath made even both of them.
Exodus 4:11; Psalms 94:9; 119:18; Matthew 13:13-16; Acts 26:18; Ephesians 1:17,18

Verse 13
Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread.
Love
6:9-11; 10:4; 12:11; 13:4; 19:15; 24:30-34; Romans 12:11; 2 Thessalonians 3:10
open
Jonah 1:6; Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 15:34; Ephesians 5:14

Verse 14
It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.
It is naught
Ecclesiastes 1:10; Hosea 12:7,8; 1 Thessalonians 4:6

Verse 15
There is gold, and a multitude of rubies: but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.
but
3:15; 8:11; 10:20,21; 15:7,23; 16:16,21,24; 25:12; Job 28:12-19; Ecclesiastes 12:9-11; Romans 10:14,15; Ephesians 4:29

Verse 16
Take his garment that is surety for a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
Take his
11:15; 22:26,27; 27:13; Exodus 22:26,27
a strange
2:16; 5:3; 7:5,10; 23:27

Verse 17
Bread of deceit is sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
deceit
Heb. lying, or falsehood.
4:17
is sweet
9:17,18; Genesis 3:6,7; Job 20:12-20; Ecclesiastes 11:9; Hebrews 11:25
his
Lamentations 3:15,16

Verse 18
Every purpose is established by counsel: and with good advice make war.
purpose
15:22; 24:6
and
25:8; Judges 1:1,2; 9:29; 20:7,18,23,26-28; 2 Samuel 2:26,27; 2 Chronicles 25:17-23; Luke 14:31

Verse 19
He that goeth about as a talebearer revealeth secrets: therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips.
that goeth
11:13; 18:8; 26:20-22; Leviticus 19:16
meddle
24:21
flattereth
or, enticeth.
16:29; Romans 16:18

Verse 20
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
curseth
30:11,17; Exodus 20:12; 21:17; Leviticus 20:9; Deuteronomy 27:16; Matthew 15:4; Mark 7:10-13
his
13:9; 24:20; Job 18:5,6,18; Matthew 22:13; 25:8; Jude 1:13
lamp
or, candle.

Verse 21
An inheritance may be gotten hastily at the beginning; but the end thereof shall not be blessed.
gotten
23:4; 28:20,22; 1 Timothy 6:9
but
13:22; 28:8; Job 27:16,17; Habakkuk 2:6; Zechariah 5:4; Malachi 2:2

Verse 22
Say not thou, I will recompense evil; but wait on the LORD, and he shall save thee.
I
17:13; 24:29; Deuteronomy 32:35; Romans 12:17-19; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 1 Peter 3:9
wait
2 Samuel 16:12; Psalms 27:14; 37:34; Isaiah 40:31; Lamentations 3:25,26; 1 Peter 2:23; 4:19

Verse 23
Divers weights are an abomination unto the LORD; and a false balance is not good.
weights
10; Ezekiel 45:10
a false balance
Heb. balances of deceit.
Hosea 12:7; Amos 8:5

Verse 24
Man's goings are of the LORD; how can a man then understand his own way?
Man's
Psalms 37:23; Jeremiah 10:23; Daniel 5:23; Acts 17:28
how
14:8; 16:9; Psalms 25:4,12; Isaiah 10:6,7

Verse 25
It is a snare to the man who devoureth that which is holy, and after vows to make enquiry.
a snare
18:7; Leviticus 5:15; 22:10-15; 27:30; Malachi 3:8-10
after
Leviticus 27:9,10,31; Numbers 30:2-16; Ecclesiastes 5:4-6; Matthew 5:33

Verse 26
A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them.
wise
8; 2 Samuel 4:9-12; Psalms 101:5-8
bringeth
2 Samuel 12:31; Isaiah 28:27,28

Verse 27
The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.
spirit
Genesis 2:7; Job 32:8; Romans 2:15; 1 Corinthians 2:11; 2 Corinthians 4:2-6; 1 John 3:19-21
candle
or, lamp.
searching
30; Hebrews 4:12,13

Verse 28
Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upholden by mercy.
Mercy
16:6; Psalms 61:7; 101:1
his
16:12; 29:14; Psalms 21:7; 26:1; Isaiah 16:5

Verse 29
The glory of young men is their strength: and the beauty of old men is the gray head.
glory
Jeremiah 9:23,24; 1 John 2:14
the beauty
16:31; Leviticus 19:32

Verse 30
The blueness of a wound cleanseth away evil: so do stripes the inward parts of the belly.
cleanseth away evil
Heb. is a purging medicine against evil. stripes.
19:25; 22:15; Isaiah 27:9; Hebrews 12:10

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-20.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, May 21st, 2019
the Fifth Week after Easter
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