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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 28

 

 

Introduction
1General observations of impiety and religious integrity.

Verse 1
The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion.
wicked
Leviticus 26:17,36; Deuteronomy 28:7,25; 2 Kings 7:6,7,15; Psalms 53:5; Isaiah 7:2; Jeremiah 20:4
the righteous
Exodus 11:8; Psalms 27:1,2; 46:2,3; 112:7; Isaiah 26:3,4; Daniel 3:16-18; 6:10,11; Acts 4:13; 14:3; 1 Thessalonians 2:2

Verse 2
For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged.
the transgression
1 Kings 15:25,28; 16:8-29; 2 Kings 15:8-31; 2 Chronicles 36:1-12; Isaiah 3:1-7; Hosea 13:11
but
Genesis 45:5-8; 2 Chronicles 32:20-26; Job 22:28-30; Ecclesiastes 9:15; Isaiah 58:12; Daniel 4:27
by a man, etc
by men of understanding and wisdom shall they likewise be prolonged.

Verse 3
A poor man that oppresseth the poor is like a sweeping rain which leaveth no food.
poor man
Matthew 18:28-30
which leaveth no food
Heb. without food.

Verse 4
They that forsake the law praise the wicked: but such as keep the law contend with them.
that
1 Samuel 23:19-21; Psalms 10:3; 49:18; Jeremiah 5:30; Matthew 3:15; Acts 12:22; 24:2-4; Romans 1:32; 1 John 4:5
but
1 Samuel 15:14-24; 22:14,15; 1 Kings 18:18,21; 20:41,42; 21:19,20; 22:19-28; 2 Kings 3:13,14; Nehemiah 5:7-13; 13:8-11,17-20,23-26,28; Matthew 3:7; 14:4; Acts 15:2; 19:9; Galatians 2:3-6; Ephesians 5:11; 1 Thessalonians 2:2; Jude 1:3

Verse 5
Evil men understand not judgment: but they that seek the LORD understand all things.
15:24; 24:7; Psalms 25:14; 92:6; Jeremiah 4:22; Mark 4:10-13; John 7:17; 1 Corinthians 2:14,15; James 1:5; 1 John 2:20,27

Verse 6
Better is the poor that walketh in his uprightness, than he that is perverse in his ways, though he be rich.
18; 16:8; 19:1,22; Luke 16:19-23; Acts 24:24-27

Verse 7
Whoso keepeth the law is a wise son: but he that is a companion of riotous men shameth his father.
keepeth
2:1-6; 3:1-35
but
24; 19:26; 23:19-22; 29:3,15; Luke 15:13,30; 1 Peter 4:3,4
is a companion of riotous men
or, feedeth gluttons.

Verse 8
He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
that by
13:22; Job 27:16,17; Ecclesiastes 2:26
unjust gain
Heb. by increase.
Leviticus 25:36; Ezekiel 18:8,13,17
pity
19:7; 2 Samuel 12:6

Verse 9
He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer shall be abomination.
turneth
21:13; Isaiah 1:15,16; 58:7-11; Zechariah 7:11-13; 2 Timothy 4:3,4
even
15:8; Psalms 66:18; 109:7; Luke 13:25-27

Verse 10
Whoso causeth the righteous to go astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pit: but the upright shall have good things in possession.
causeth
Numbers 31:15,16; 1 Samuel 26:19; Acts 13:8-10; Romans 16:17,18; 2 Corinthians 11:3,4,13-15; Galatians 1:8,9; 2:4; 3:1-4; 2 Peter 2:18-20; Revelation 2:14
he shall
26:27; Psalms 7:15,16; 9:15; Ecclesiastes 10:8
but
10:3; 15:6; 21:20; Deuteronomy 7:12-14; Psalms 37:11,25,26; Matthew 6:33

Verse 11
The rich man is wise in his own conceit; but the poor that hath understanding searcheth him out.
rich
18:11; 23:4; Isaiah 10:13,14; Ezekiel 28:3-5; Luke 16:13,14; 1 Corinthians 3:18,19; 1 Timothy 6:17
his own conceit
Heb. his eyes.
26:16; Isaiah 5:21; Romans 11:25; 12:16
the poor
18:17; 19:1; Job 32:9; Ecclesiastes 9:15-17

Verse 12
When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden.
righteous
28; 11:10; 29:2; 1 Chronicles 15:25-28; 16:7-36; 29:20-22; 2 Chronicles 7:10; 30:22-27; Esther 8:15-17; Job 29:11-20; Luke 19:37,38
but
1 Samuel 24:11; 1 Kings 17:3-24; 18:13; 19:3; Ecclesiastes 10:6,16; Jeremiah 36:26; Hebrews 11:37,38
hidden
Heb. sought for.
Jeremiah 5:1

Verse 13
He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.
that
10:12; 17:9; Genesis 3:12,13; 4:9; 1 Samuel 15:13,24; Job 31:33; Psalms 32:3-5; Jeremiah 2:22,23; Matthew 23:25-28
whoso
Leviticus 26:40-42; 1 Kings 8:47-49; Job 33:27; Psalms 51:1-5,10; Jeremiah 3:12,13; Daniel 9:20-23; Luke 15:18-24; 1 John 1:8-10
and forsaketh
Exodus 10:16,17; 1 Samuel 15:30; Matthew 3:6-10; 27:4,5; Acts 26:20

Verse 14
Happy is the man that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.
Happy
23:17; Psalms 2:11; 16:8; 112:1; Isaiah 66:2; Jeremiah 32:40; Romans 11:20; Hebrews 4:1; 1 Peter 1:17
but
29:1; Exodus 7:22; 14:23; Job 9:4; Romans 2:4

Verse 15
As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.
a roaring
20:2; Hosea 5:11; 1 Peter 5:8
a ranging
17:12; 2 Kings 2:24; Hosea 13:8
so
Exodus 1:14-16,22; 1 Samuel 22:17-19; 2 Kings 15:16; 21:16; Esther 3:6-10; Matthew 2:16

Verse 16
The prince that wanteth understanding is also a great oppressor: but he that hateth covetousness shall prolong his days.
prince
1 Kings 12:10,14; Nehemiah 5:15; Ecclesiastes 4:1; Isaiah 3:12; Amos 4:1
he that
Exodus 18:21; Isaiah 33:15,16; Jeremiah 22:15-17

Verse 17
A man that doeth violence to the blood of any person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay him.
Genesis 9:6; Exodus 21:14; Numbers 35:14-34; 1 Kings 21:19,23; 2 Kings 9:26; 2 Chronicles 24:21-25; Matthew 27:4,5; Acts 28:4

Verse 18
Whoso walketh uprightly shall be saved: but he that is perverse in his ways shall fall at once.
walketh
10:9,25; 11:3-6; Psalms 25:21; 26:11; 84:11; Galatians 2:14
but
6; Numbers 22:32; Psalms 73:18-20; 125:5; 1 Thessalonians 5:3; 2 Peter 2:1-3; Revelation 3:3

Verse 19
He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain persons shall have poverty enough.
that tilleth
12:11; 14:4; 27:23-27
but
13:20; 23:20,21; Judges 9:4; Luke 15:12-17

Verse 20
A faithful man shall abound with blessings: but he that maketh haste to be rich shall not be innocent.
faithful
20:6; 1 Samuel 22:14; Nehemiah 7:2; Psalms 101:6; 112:4-9; Luke 12:42; 16:1,10-12; 1 Corinthians 4:2-5; Revelation 2:10,13
but
22; 13:11; 20:21; 23:4; 2 Kings 5:20-27; 1 Timothy 6:9,10
innocent
or, unpunished.
17:5; *marg:

Verse 21
To have respect of persons is not good: for for a piece of bread that man will transgress.
respect
18:5; 24:23; Exodus 23:2,8
for
Erasmus observes that this expression probably originated from the circumstance of holding out a piece of bread to a dog, in order to soothe him.
Ezekiel 13:19; Hosea 4:18; Micah 3:5; 7:3; Romans 16:18; 2 Peter 2:3

Verse 22
He that hasteth to be rich hath an evil eye, and considereth not that poverty shall come upon him.
that hasteth, etc
Heb. that hath an evil eye, hasteth to be rich.
20; 1 Timothy 6:9
an evil
23:6; Matthew 20:15; Mark 7:22
and
Genesis 13:10-13; 19:17; Job 20:18-22; 27:16,17

Verse 23
He that rebuketh a man afterwards shall find more favour than he that flattereth with the tongue.
27:5,6; 2 Samuel 12:7; 1 Kings 1:23,32-40; Psalms 141:5; Matthew 18:15; Galatians 2:11; 2 Peter 3:15,16

Verse 24
Whoso robbeth his father or his mother, and saith, It is no transgression; the same is the companion of a destroyer.
robbeth
19:26; Judges 17:2; Matthew 15:4-6
the same
7; 13:20; 18:9
a destroyer
Heb. a man destroying.

Verse 25
He that is of a proud heart stirreth up strife: but he that putteth his trust in the LORD shall be made fat.
that is
10:12; 13:10; 15:18; 21:24; 22:10; 29:22
he that putteth
Psalms 84:12; Jeremiah 17:7,8; 1 Timothy 6:6
made
11:25; 13:4; 15:30; Isaiah 58:11

Verse 26
He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool: but whoso walketh wisely, he shall be delivered.
that
3:5; 2 Kings 8:13; Jeremiah 17:9; Mark 7:21-23; 14:27-31; Romans 8:7
but
Job 28:28; 2 Timothy 3:15; James 1:5; 3:13-18

Verse 27
He that giveth unto the poor shall not lack: but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse.
that giveth
19:17; 22:9; Deuteronomy 15:7,10; Psalms 41:1-3; 112:5-9; 2 Corinthians 9:6-11; Hebrews 13:16
hideth
Isaiah 1:15
shall
11:26; 24:24

Verse 28
When the wicked rise, men hide themselves: but when they perish, the righteous increase.
the wicked
12; 29:2
hide
Job 24:4
they perish
Esther 8:17; Acts 12:23,24

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 28:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-28.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, December 6th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
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